. Waste Management . May 2012. Conversion Technologies and a Changing Industry:. Presentation overview. Page . 2. ©2012 Waste Management. Introduction: Fast facts . & . trends. Summary. Beyond Waste: What is on the horizon?. ID: 248551
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Innovation, Sustainability and Customer Value
Waste Management May 2012
Conversion Technologies and a Changing Industry:Slide2
©2012 Waste Management
Introduction: Fast facts
Beyond Waste: What is on the horizon?
The status of new technologiesSlide3
Waste Management 2011
“Green” vs. “Traditional” ServicesSlide5
Approach to Materials Management
Our goal: To minimize environmental impact while optimizing the value of the material that we manage.
We don’t manage “waste,” we manage “resources.”
We focus on developing sustainable solutions to materials management. These solutions must be environmentally and economically sustainable.
We are striving to minimize our customers’ and our own impacts on the environment, and to maximize the value of the materials we manage.
To be sustainable, our solutions must meet the varying needs of the communities and customers we serve across the country.Slide6
WM and New Technologies
What Does it Look like?Slide7
Four Platforms of Focus
Utilizing the entire waste stream or converting landfill gases to valuable energy sources
Repurposing segments of the waste stream
Consumer Facing &
Sustainability ModelsPromotion of the WM brand, green messaging and sustainability through various retail and/or consumer focused business models
Converting segments of the waste stream into valuable energy sources
WM’s post-collection portfolio
WM’s Beyond Waste technologies
Waste to energy
Recyclable materials are recovered from solid waste then the residual is gasified to produce electricity or converted to transportation fuels or chemicals
“Conversion of recovered plastics”Plastics used as a feedstock to produce transportation fuels and chemicals
“Organic alternatives”Pre- and post-consumer food waste and yard waste used as a feedstock to produce compost, electric power, or transportation fuels
WM Sites/CORePeninsulaGarickHarvest PowerTerrabon
WM’s investments aim to extract the most value from its customers’ materialsSlide9
WM invests in “beyond waste” technologies
CONVERT MSW TO SYNGAS THAT CAN BE CONVERTED TO FUEL.
CONVERT LFG TO NATURAL GAS & SYNTHETIC DIESEL
CONVERT ORGANIC WASTE TO COMPOST & ENERGY THROUGH ANAEROBIC DIGESTION
COMPOST AND ENERGY
CONVERT MSW TO SYNGAS THAT CAN BE
TO SPECIALTY CHEMICALS
SYNGAS & CHEMICALS
EXAMPLES OF TECHNOLOGIES WM HAS INVESTED IN:
The materials we manage feed these processes.Slide10
Waste Management is Investing in Convenient Recycling Programs
2020 Goal =
20 Million tons
In 2010 we recycled over 10 million tons of material.Slide12
Single Stream Recycling
Single-stream recycling greatly increases participation - on average up to 50 percent more recyclable materials
Helps lower costs and emissions by reducing transportation while capturing new volume
Employs advanced recycling technology including magnets, screens and optical scanners to automate the sorting of recyclables
Improves local recycling programs by increasing capacity while maintaining material qualitySlide13
Fastest growing commodity in the waste streamIn 2009, WM processed 12 million pounds of e-wasteWM operates over 200 eCycling collection depots North America, with a goal of having a recycling center within 20 miles of 95 percent of the populationWM's seven e-cycling facilities have been certified by Basel Action Network. The company has also adopted R2/RIOS standards.Slide14
WM estimates that 30-35 million tons are organic in nature from the materials we manage (excluding recycled paper, OCC, wood, YW, FW, etc).WM currently manages over 2.0 million tons of organics to beneficial uses including composting, mulch operationsWM currently operates 36 Organics Facilities, has another that will start up in the next several weeks, and more in the permitting process.Slide15
Renewable Energy SolutionsSlide16
Our goal is to reduce our fleet emissions by 15% and improve fuel efficiency by 15% by 2020.
With over 1,400 natural gas trucks on the road today, we have the largest fleet of “vocational” heavy duty natural gas trucks in the waste industry. We are adding almost 500 more this year alone.
We are investing in public fueling stations, which help provide the necessary infrastructure for natural gas fueling.Our investment in natural gas displaced 8 million gallons of diesel with natural gas in 2010. This will grow to 12.8 million gallons in 2011.
WM is transitioning to a natural gas fleetSlide17
Renewable Energy Production
WM is one of the largest renewable energy companies in North America
Our 17 Waste-to-energy plants produce enough energy to provide power to 650,000 homes.Our 129 landfill gas-to-energy plants generate enough renewable energy to power nearly 500,000 homes.We generate more renewable energy than the entire U US solar industry.
WM energy projects create enough energy to power more than 1.1 million homes, displacing the need for 21 million barrels of oil each yearSlide18
Looking to the Future:
Conversion Technology PartnersSlide19
Over 550 companies are investing in new conversion technologies.Only 50-60 facilities are currently operating.Most are on Japan and Europe due to policies and cost drivers.There is no single solution – we’ll need a range of technologies to achieve our energy goals.
Companies are investing in technology to capture energySlide20
Raw Organic Waste
Compost Retail Lawn & Garden
Compost Bulk/Wholesale Lawn & GardenSlide21
Harvest Power’s anaerobic digesters will create biogas that will be used to generate renewable electricity from organic material.
Converting organics to renewable energySlide22
©2012 Waste Management
Terrabon is developing a process that will ultimately convert food waste into biofuel (i.e. green gasoline or diesel fuel)
Converting organics to biofuelSlide23
Converts low value, hard to recycle and contaminated plastics into a high value, synthetic crude oil.The first plant is operating in the Portland, Oregon area with the second in the final permitting process.
Converting mixed-waste-plastics to high-octane
InEnTec’s plasma gasification technology will produce flexible, clean fuels and energy.The first facility has been constructed in Arlington, Oregon and is ramping up its operations.
Converting MSW to alternative transportation fuels, electricity and manufacturing
Enerkem’s gasification technology converts waste materials into a locally produced green fuel. Feedstock includes municipal solid waste, construction and demolition wood and forest residuals.
Converting waste into ethanolSlide26
Produces ethanol from MSW.Fulcrum uses a dual stage gasification process that has been tested over the past two years at a smaller scale. The first plant is permitted and is being built in Storey County, Nevada. Sierra BioFuels will be completed in 2013.
Converting waste into ethanolSlide27
WM has a joint development agreement with Genomatica to research and advance the production of chemicals from MSW.
Creates specially designed organisms and manufacturing processes to convert syngas into chemical products. This is the first biology-based process making this conversion, instead of higher energy chemical-based conversions.
Converting waste to syngas to chemicalsSlide28
Landfill or biogas gas to CNG
JV with Linde Group
High Mountain Fuels
Gasification of MSW to fuelCommercial-scale facility 400-500 tpd
MSW to ethanol via large-scale plasma gasification
Commercial-scale facility 400-500
Organics to drop-in fuel via anaerobic fermentationProcesses high moisture organics which are difficult to gasify
Plasma arc gasification of hard to treat non recyclable materials, hazardous wastes, medical wastes etc
Low-temperature, smaller scale gasification of biomass to syngas
Converts low value, hard-to-recycle waste plastic to synthetic crude oil using pyrolysis
Organics to electricity via aerobic and anaerobic digestion
Develop proprietary process that utilizes biological organisms that convert syngas to high-value chemicals
Waste Management’s New Technology Portfolio
Landfill gas, biogas, or natural gas to LNGSlide29
Owns largest in-vessel organics composting facility in eastern US
Manufacturer and marketer of organic garden products
Recycling of food, yard, and biomass residuals into fertilizer and biogas through co-digestion
Affinity program focused on increasing recycling rates offered as a value enhanced service
Dumpster-in-a-bag sold through home improvement stores as a convenient retail friendly alternative to a conventional dumpster
Has spun out of OGG into core operations
Intelligent, solar-powered recycling/trash compactors reduce collection costs
At-your-door collection of household hazardous waste
WM’s New Technology Portfolio
Recycles roof shingles into asphalt road products
Extracts mercury and phosphor powder from spent fluorescent light bulbs
Uses recycled PET to create products with lower density, lower material costs, and fewer environmental impacts than virgin PETSlide30
WM is investing in clean energy and technologies.
These technologies will help to create more value from the material we manage. They will generate renewable energy and renewable energy that can reduce our reliance on foreign oil while reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Many of new technologies are in the pilot phase and will be ready for “prime time” in the next 2-4 years.
This is an industry that is evolving quickly.
The technologies are likely to change as they develop.
There is no “single solution.”
We expect to develop a suite of technology solutions over time.
We hope to work with our local community partners to divert more material to higher value uses - by recycling more, creating energy and renewable fuel.