U.S. Coast Guard

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U.S. Coast Guard




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Presentations text content in U.S. Coast Guard

Slide1

U.S. Coast Guard

Our History of Reorganization

Presented by:

RADM Jody Breckenridge

9 December 2008

Slide2

Lighthouse Service 1789

Revenue Cutter Service 1790-99

Secretary of Treasury

Local “Officers” of Customs

Crew

10 Revenue Cutters

Secretary of Treasury

Surveyor at Each Port

Crew

Public Vessels

Slide3

Establishment of Life-Saving Service 1878

Slide4

United States Coast Guard 1915

Slide5

1933 Reorganization

Based on Rear Admiral Billard’s Board of Review of January 1931Basis for Reorganization: Decentralization of authority and responsibility. One major task, one fundamental plan of operation under direct control of one man. Locality of forces operating under one directing head. Local floating forces under one command. Commander afloat shall be under the direction of an office stationed permanently on shore.Objectives: Give more authority to area commanders that previously rested with division commanders. Relieve Headquarters of considerable detail work. Respond to Great Depression and low budget.

“The expansion of the Service since 1924 was built upon the old organization, which was not suitable for the expanded Service.”

Admiral Hamlet, Commandant 1932-1936

Slide6

Coast Guard ResourcesBefore 1933 Reorganization

Headquarters (Washington, DC)Headquarters unitsCoast Guard Academy (Ft. Trumbull, New London, CT)Repair Depot (Curtis Bay, MD)Store House (Brooklyn and San Francisco)Radio Supply Base (Philadelphia)Radio Station (Rockaway Point)5 seaplanes

Field8 Division offices (supervision of cutters and other vessels.13 Field offices (supervision of Life Saving Service)277 Life Saving stations8 Houses of Refuge (Florida coast)

Floating Equipment of Cutter Service

19

First class cruising cutters

15

S

econd class cruising cutters

25

Destroyers

18

Harbor cutters

20

Harbor launches

(one an ice breaker)

198

75’ patrol boats

13

100’ patrol boats

33

125’ patrol boats

6

other patrol boats

Numerous picket boats

Slide7

FDR and Admiral Waesche

Slide8

CGA and Commandant Waesche

“The young Coast Guard officer is more certain to have independent responsibilities in shorter time than are the graduates of the other Government schools.”

Slide9

Coast Guard Expandsto Support WWII

305 Commissioned Officers63 Chief Warrant Officers425 Warrant Officers10,392 Enlisted189 Civilians73 Cadets65 Temporary Officers415 Temporary Warrant OfficersTotal: 11,927

June 1928

758 Commissioned Officers429 Chief Warrant Officers396 Warrant Officers18,698 Enlisted5,158 Civilians344 CadetsTotal: 25,783

August 1941

Slide10

Coast Guard & Maritime Safety1940s

Slide11

Transition to Department of Transportation1967

District

Commanders2/9/1/3/5/7/8

Commander, Eastern Area

Commandant

Headquarters Units

Chief of Staff

Headquarters Staff

Activities Europe

Slide12

Expanded Authority in the 1970s

Federal Boat Safety Act,

1971

Federal Water Pollution Control Act, 1972Ports and Waterways Safety Act, 1972200-mile Fishery Zone, 1976

Slide13

Coast Guard Realigns and Adds MLCs in 1989

Large Ships

(over 100 ft

)

Commander, Atlantic Area

Commandant

Large Ships

(over 100 ft)

District

Commanders

Group

Commanders

Marine Safety

Offices

Smaller Ships

(under 100 ft

)

Group

Commanders

Group

Commanders

Air Stations

Slide14

Streamlining the Coast Guard 1996

Slide15

Transition to DHS 2003 to Today

U.S. Coast Guard: Our History of Reorganization – 9 December 08

Mission Execution

Units

Asst. Comdt for Intelligence & Criminal Investigations

(CG-2)

Asst. Comdt for

Human Resources

(CG-1)

Asst. Comdt for

Resources

(CG-8)

Asst. Comdt for

C4IT

(CG-6)

Asst. Comdt for Engineering &Logistics (CG-4)

Asst. Comdt for Acquisition(CG-9)

Deputy Commandant for Operations(CG-DCO)

Judge Advocate General &

Chief Counsel (CG-094)

Districts

Maintenance &

Logistics Command

Mission Support

Units

Director of Governmental &

Public Affairs (CG-092)

Districts

Mission Execution

Units

Maintenance &

Logistics Command

Mission Support

Units

Pacific Area

Atlantic Area

Vice Commandant

(VCG)

Chief of Staff

(CG-01)

Commandant

(CCG)

Asst. Comdt for Marine Safety, Security, and Stewardship

(CG-5)

Asst. Comdt for Capability

(CG-7)

Slide16

As of 31 Oct 2008:252 Cutters56 Airplanes136 Helicopters1,660 Small Boats

Active Duty:

41,461

Reservists:

8,128Civilians 7,472Auxiliarists: 37,414

U.S. Coast Guard

Today

Slide17

“All threats…All hazards…Always Ready.”

Mission ExecutionBuilding on two centuries of service, we will employ an all threats and all hazards approach to save lives and protect America today. And we will remain ready for tomorrow by anticipating and preparing for our nation’s vital homeland safety and security needs.People and PlatformsIn our world of work that spans the globe, our multi-mission people and platforms must always be ready for the next big threat, whether it’s a hurricane, global pandemic, or terrorist attack. We will prepare for the unexpected by investing in the best training and support for our people, and equipping them with the most capable tools and technology for successful mission execution.Mission Support SystemsOur versatility has never been more in demand than it is today. As we move forward, we will align our organization to better support our people, platforms and partnerships, while keeping our focus on protecting the American public.

Coast Guard Commandant Thad W. Allen

Slide18

How We Align with

National Strategy

The Coast Guard will work to safeguard the Nation against all threats, hazards, and challenges in the maritime domain, today and far into the future.

Slide19

Coast Guard Response to Katrina

U.S. Coast Guard: Our History of Reorganization – 9 December 08

Slide20

Coast Guard Modernization

U.S. Coast Guard: Our History of Reorganization – 9 December 08

Slide21

Impediments to Change:Analysis by Dr. Youngman

A bias for actionCultural attitudesCultural stovepipesOrganizational processesNon-integrated change

Insufficient resourcesIncomplete executionLeaders ill-preparedNon-aligned conceptual framesMission executionSystems thinkingStrategic change

U.S. Coast Guard: Our History of Reorganization – 9 December 08

Slide22

Deployable Operations Group (DOG)

U.S. Coast Guard: Our History of Reorganization – 9 December 08

Slide23

Envisioned USCG Organization

The following staffs report to (CG-00):

(CG-00A) Chaplain of the Coast Guard

(CG-00B) Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard

(CG-00H) Director, Civil Rights

(CG-00J) Chief, Administrative Law Judge

Chief,Human Resource Officer(CG-1)

Chief,Information Officer (CG-6)

Chief ,Engineer(CG-4)

Chief,AcquisitionsOfficer(CG-9)

Asst. Comdt for Capability (CG-7)

Shore

Forces

Mgr

MPF

DOG

District

Sector

Asst. Comdt for

Marine Safety, Security & Stewardship

(CG-5)

Asst. Comdt for Intelligence and Criminal Investigations

(CG-2)

Asst. Comdt for Resources

(CG-8)

Commandant

(CCG)

Director of Governmental & Public Affairs

(CG-092)

Judge Advocate General & Chief Counsel

(CG-094)

Deputy Commandant for

Operations

Commander,

Coast Guard Operations

Command

Commander,

Coast Guard Force Readiness

Command

Deputy Commandant for

Mission Support

Vice Commandant

(VCG)

Slide24

Questions

U.S. Coast Guard: Our History of Reorganization – 9 December 08

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