Raphael Pasala. Jacqueline Pino. Valerie Ramirez. Literal Meaning of Topic/Prompt. Actual Prompt: . Many works of literature contain a character who intentionally deceives others. The character's dishonesty may be intended . ID: 683011
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Deceit in Jane Eyre
Literal Meaning of Topic/PromptActual Prompt: Many works of literature contain a character who intentionally deceives others. The character's dishonesty may be intended either to help or hurt. Such a character, for example, may choose to mislead others for personal safety, to spare someone's feelings, or to carry out a crime. Choose a character(s) who deceives others. Analyze the motives for that character's deception and discuss how the deception contributes to the meaning of the work as a whole.
Interpretation: How does a character from the novel use deception for their own benefit?Slide3
How the Topic/Prompt Relates to Jane EyreIn Jane Eyre, there are various examples of deceit through various characters. Mr. Rochester deceives Jane numerous times throughout their relationship, through his disguise as a gypsy and by hiding the existence of his previous marriage. The author uses these forms of deception to develop Jane and Mr. Rochester's relationship.Slide4
“Well, Jane, do you know me?” asked the similar voice.“Only take off the red cloak, sir, and then—”“But the string is in a knot—help me.”
“Break it, sir.”“There, then— ‘Off, ye lendings!’ ” And Mr. Rochester stepped out of his disguise.
Pg. 215, Ch. 19
Effect of Deceit:
Jane’s character becomes aware that her has feelings for Mr. Rochester beyond that of master and servant. She allows herself to fall in love.
Character’s Purpose for Deceit:
Mr. Rochester is entertaining himself by messing with the people at the party, telling them made up fortunes just to elicit a reaction from them. However, in the case of Jane, Mr. Rochester probes her about her feelings for him and her opinion of his engagement.
Author’s Purpose for Deceit:
The author uses Mr. Rochester’s deceit of Jane to further develop their relationship as it is only when being asked question about Mr. Rochester by the gypsy (Mr. Rochester) does Jane come to realization that she has feelings for him. Additionally, it can also be seen the Mr. Rochester has similar feelings for her as he probes her about questions about himself, hoping to identify if she has feelings for him.Slide5
Example #2And the clergyman, who had not lifted his eyes from his book, and had held his breath but for a moment, was proceeding: his hand was already stretched towards Mr. Rochester, as his lips unclosed to ask, "Wilt thou have this woman for thy wedded wife?” — when a distinct and near voice said —
“The marriage cannot go on: I declare the existence of an impediment.”Pg. 312, Ch. 26
Effect of Deceit:Jane is now conscious of the existence of a previous wife, which Rochester had willfully chosen to hide from her. This exposes the reality of their relationship to her and eventually leads to her departure of Thornfield.
Character’s Purpose for Deceit:
Mr. Rochester chooses to hide his previous marriage from not only Jane but others as well in order to forget it ever happened. He claims to have never loved her, and that the marriage was a mistake even before her mental health went in decline. Mr. Rochester wanted to marry Jane despite what happened with Bertha Antoinetta Mason because he felt he truly loved Jane.
Author’s Purpose for Deceit:
Charlotte Brontë uses Mr. Rochester’s deceit (or rather, suppression) to present another facet of Mr. Rochester's life and personality. By now, the reader knows of the various mistresses Mr. Rochester previously had, but it is then revealed that a failed marriage was a part of his past. This pushes Jane away and allows her to develop further emotionally before eventually returning to her relationship with Mr. Rochester.Slide6
3 Literary DevicesJane describes the gypsy's action as a person "whose strange talk, voice, manner, had by this time wrapped me in a kind of dream." (236). This is important to the prompt because through this metaphor we realize Jane is fascinated and unaware of Mr. Rochester being the disguised gypsy. Rochester tries to trick Jane into stating that she loves him, however she doesn’t budge on an answer and he reveals himself. In the end, Jane realizes that all Rochester said was true, she loves him.
Bronte also uses a simile to describe Mr. Rochester's wife as she "snatched and growled like some strange animal." (342) Through this we see that she is indeed insane and the reason why he lied to Jane was obvious. He loves Jane however didn’t want to leave his wife out on the streets despite her insanity. Without this revelation Jane and Rochester would've happily be married, and Jane would be oblivious to his other wife.
In addition after the struggle with his wife as she tried to strangle Rochester he uses verbal irony to describe this action. "Such is the sole conjugal embrace I am ever to know—such are the endearments which are to solace my leisure hours!"(343) This is the reason for his deceit against Jane. His own wife doesn’t love him and is very abusive against him, and he loves Jane. Without this quote, the readers wouldn't empathize with Rochester. This is one of the few times the readers do empathize with him.Slide7
Prompt:A recurring theme in literature is the classic war between a passion and responsibility. For instance, a personal cause, a love ,a desire for revenge, a determination to redress a wrong, or some other emotion or drive may conflict with moral duty. Choose a conflict, its effects upon the character, and its significance to the work as a whole.
Moral vs. PassionMr. Rochester is in love with Jane and wants to marry her but is technically unable do to his marriage to Bertha. He is held by his marriage by God but is drawn to abandon it because Bertha is insane, in addition to discovering the love of his life, Jane.
Rochester falls from God's grace and is plagued by the conflict. He constantly talks about his great desire to commit a great sin, this conflict is what drives him to deceive Jane and everyone else. The result of which is a not only the loss of his love Jane but the eventual but his crippling and loss of property in the end.
The overall message the author tries to convey in Rochester's conflict and deceit is that being honest with one's self and others is the only way to live a happy life.Slide8
Pivotal moment #1
The gypsy scene was a crucial moment in the story because through the deception of Mr. Rochester being the disguised gypsy, Jane first confronts the feeling that she truly loves him. Mr. Rochester's trick was a way to see what people wanted the most without them knowing it was him. For example, Blanche wanted money and land rather than the love of Mr. Rochester, and he does this by stating that he was not as wealthy as he seemed to be. Through this reaction Rochester sees what Blanche really wanted. With this revelation Rochester lies to Blanch in order to get her reaction the same way he tries to provoke jealousy in Jane. As a whole this scene creates a gothic element due to the suspense and supernatural aspects. The deception was important to the story because it revealed to Jane what she was trying to hide from herself, that she loves Rochester.Slide9
Pivotal moment #2This scene is the climax of Rochester's deception. He and his staff hide his wife from the world, especially Jane. After his wife went insane, he kept her in his home under the care of Grace Poole so that she could have the best life possible at that point. Rochester deceives Jane about this so that they can marry and be happy, something he can't have now with his first wife. This scene is significant because it allows Jane to see the whole truth of the situation, which leads her to leave Thornfield, and the fairytale-like nature of their relationship is shattered.Slide10
Works CitedGypsy Picture:
http://scoobydoo.wikia.com/wiki/Gypsy_(A_Gaggle_of_Galloping_Ghosts)Mr. Rochester Picture: https://orig00.deviantart.net/7b82/f/2009/100/b/f/mr_rochester_by_coda_leia.jpg
Gypsy with Jane Picture: https://i.pinimg.com/736x/90/c0/fc/90c0fc935bdf7eea741345348de254a8.jpg
Wedding Picture #2:
Jane Eyre Novel Cover: