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Occupational Employment Statistics Overview

Laurie Salmon

Significance of the Nonprofit Sector as a Sustainable Employer



Annual Public-Private Partnership Conference

September 28, 2015 Slide2

Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) overview


BLS/state program

Employer surveySample comes from state unemployment insurance (UI) databaseStatistically representative by industry and areaTotal sample size 1.2 million business establishments, collected over 3-year periodCensus of federal and state government data


Coverage and classification

Excludes private households and most

of agricultural sector

Also excludes military and self employedWithin federal government, executive branch and U.S. Postal Service only (excludes legislative and judicial branches)Industries defined by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)Occupations defined by Standard

Occupational Classification (SOC)



Data elements produced

Data by

occupation for over 800

occupations:EmploymentMean and percentile wages (both hourly and annual for most occupations)Measures of sampling error 4Slide5

Estimates available

Cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates by geographic area

Over 580 local

areas; nation; states and District of Columbia; and selected U.S. territoriesIndustry-specific estimates—national level onlyOver 430 industry aggregationsNational estimates by ownership (public/private)State/industry research estimates

Data do not allow nonprofits to be identified separately


State uses of OES data

Assisting employers:

By improving the alignment of education and training with the needs of businessIn helping to build a skilled workforce to meet hiring demands In making business location decisionsIn selecting wage/pay scales relative to local competitive levelsAssisting career counselors with reemployment and job placement for students, job seekers, and dislocated workersAssisting economic development with labor supply for business recruitment6Slide7

Other users of OES data

BLS: Occupational employment projections,

Occupational Outlook Handbook

, occupational injury and illness incidence rates, Employment Cost IndexFederal government: Foreign Labor Certification, CareerOneStop, O*NET, Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Employment Standards Administration, President’s Pay Agent, Bureau of Economic AnalysisPrivate sector/individuals: Human resources professionals, students, job seekers, guidance and career counselors, academic researchers, media7Slide8

Over one-third of tour guides and escorts were employed in museums, historical sites, and similar institutions


Mean wages for general and operations managers in museums, historical sites, and similar institutions were $24,900 below the U.S. average


Registered nurses made up 30 percent of employment in private sector hospitals


Education, training, and library occupations made up half of employment in private sector educational services


Secretaries and labor relations specialists were the largest occupations in membership associations and organizations


Personal care aides, childcare workers, and preschool teachers were the largest occupations in social assistance


Seven of the 10 largest occupations in social assistance had annual mean wages of less than $30,000


Ten occupations made up 42 percent of the District of Columbia’s employment in healthcare and social assistance


Public relations specialists was the largest occupation in other services, except public administration in the District of Columbia


Monthly Labor Review article on nonprofits

“Occupational employment in the not-for-profit sector,” by Zack Warren


Analysis combined 2006 OES survey data with tax-exempt-status information from the Internal Revenue Service’s Business Master File of the Statistics of Income programCompared for-profit, not-for-profit, and government employment and wages by detailed occupation across all industriesAlso looked at three specific industries: general medical and surgical hospitals, depository credit intermediation, and social advocacy organizations17Slide18



Distribution of employment in not-for-profit,

for-profit, and government establishments, 2006

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, special tabulation of Occupational Employment Statistics data. Slide19

Not-for-profits had higher shares of teachers and lower shares of sales workers

Differences in occupational mix


differences in industry composition: highest nonprofit employment was in educational services and healthcare and social assistanceNot-for-profits had higher shares of teachers, community and social service, healthcare, and personal care and service workersNot-for-profits had lower shares of sales, food service, construction and extraction, maintenance, production, and transportation workers19Slide20

Mean hourly wages in not-for-profit, for-profit, and government establishments, 2006


Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, special

tabulation of Occupational Employment Statistics data. Slide21

For-profits paid more for most occupational groups

Not-for-profits had slightly higher overall average wage. Reflects differences in occupational composition: lower-paying occupations less prevalent or possibly replaced by volunteers

For-profit establishments

had higher average wages than not-for-profits in 12 of the 22 occupational groups, including most higher-paying groups Education-related occupations, architecture and engineering, healthcare support, food service, and building service occupations had higher wages in not-for-profit establishments21Slide22

Not-for-profit and for-profit industry comparisons


eneral medical and surgical hospitals: for-profits and not-for-profits had similar staffing patterns and occupational wages

Depository credit intermediation: not-for-profits had lower shares of management, business and financial, sales, and computer and mathematical occupations; higher shares of office support occupations; and generally lower wagesSocial advocacy organizations: not-for-profits had lower shares of community and social service and business and financial occupations, and higher shares of office support and education, training, and library occupations. For-profits and not-for-profits had similar overall wages, but large wage differences for individual occupations.22Slide23

OES Website: www.bls.gov/oes

Three data formats:

Downloadable zipped

XLSX filesHTML pagesForm-based query tool (most recent data only)23Slide24

Laurie SalmonDivision Chief

Occupational Employment Statistics


(202) 691-6511www.bls.gov/oes

By: pamella-moone
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Type: Public

Occupational Employment Statistics Overview - Description

Laurie Salmon Significance of the Nonprofit Sector as a Sustainable Employer 15 th Annual PublicPrivate Partnership Conference September 28 2015 Occupational Employment Statistics OES overview ID: 705309 Download Presentation

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