Building Cutter Numbers: - PowerPoint Presentation

Building Cutter Numbers:
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An Overview Webinar Cheryl Boettcher Tarsala PhD September 12 2014 Webinar Outline Principles and Types of Cuttering How to Use the CutterSanborn Table Varied Uses for Cuttering in LCC ID: 197535 Download Presentation

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Slide1

Building Cutter Numbers:An Overview

Webinar Cheryl Boettcher Tarsala, Ph.D.September 12, 2014 Slide2

Webinar Outline

Principles and Types of CutteringHow to Use the Cutter-Sanborn TableVaried Uses for Cuttering

in LCC

Basic Use of the LC Cutter Table

Tarsala * Slide 2Slide3

Principles

Alphanumeric codesLetter(s) A-Z + Numbers (1-999+/-)Numbers are decimalsReduces cognitive load for shelving and filing

Photo of Charles

Ammi

Cutter

source: Wikimedia Commons

Quote:

LJ

July 1887, p. 251

“This

notation is designed to keep books on the shelves

alfabeted by authors.”

Tarsala * Slide 3Slide4

Little House Authors

Book covers from HarperCollins “Little House” series

Tarsala * Slide

4Slide5

Little House Authors

Cutter

Full Last

Name

Title

(Author)

WIL

Farmer Boy

(

Wilder,

Laura Ingalls)

WILFarmer Boy Goes West (Williams, Heather)

WILLittle House in Brookfield

(

Wilkes,

Maria D.)

WIL

Little House in the Big Woods

(

Wilder, Laura Ingalls)

WIL

Little House in the Highlands

(

Wiley, Melissa)

WIL

Little House on the Prairie

(Wilder, Laura Ingalls)

WIL

Little Town on the Prairie

(

Wilder, Laura Ingalls)

WILMary Ingalls on Her Own (Willard, Elizabeth Kimmel)

Tarsala * Slide

5Slide6

Little House Authors

Full Last Name

Title

(Author)

WILDER

WIL

Farmer Boy

(

Wilder,

Laura Ingalls)

WILDER

WILLittle House in the Big Woods (Wilder, Laura Ingalls)

WILDERWIL

Little House on the Prairie

(

Wilder, Laura Ingalls

)

WILDER

WIL

Little Town on the Prairie

(

Wilder, Laura Ingalls)

WILEY

WIL

Little House in the Highlands

(

Wiley, Melissa)

WILKESWIL

Little House in Brookfield

(

Wilkes,

Maria D.)WILLARDWILMary Ingalls on Her Own

(

Willard, Elizabeth Kimmel)WILLIAMSWIL

Farmer Boy Goes West (Williams, Heather)

Tarsala * Slide

6Slide7

Cuttered Little House Authors

Cuttered

Title

(Author)

W673f

WILDER

WIL

Farmer Boy

(

Wilder,

Laura Ingalls)

W673ℓhbWILDERWILLittle House in the Big Woods (Wilder, Laura Ingalls)

W673ℓhp

WILDER

WIL

Little House on the Prairie

(

Wilder, Laura Ingalls

)

W673ℓt

WILDER

WIL

Little Town on the Prairie

(

Wilder, Laura Ingalls)

W676ℓ

WILEYWIL

Little House in the Highlands (Wiley, Melissa)W682ℓ

WILKES

WIL

Little House in Brookfield

(Wilkes, Maria D.)W692m

WILLARD

WILMary Ingalls on Her Own (

Willard, Elizabeth Kimmel)W723fWILLIAMS

WILFarmer Boy Goes West (Williams, Heather)

Tarsala * Slide

7Slide8

Types of Cuttering

Standalone Cutter TablesCutter two-figureCutter three-figure

Cutter-Sanborn

Cutters for Library of Congress Classification

image source

openclipart.org

by Nina

Geometrieva

Tarsala * Slide

8Slide9

Availability of Standalone Cutter Tables

Complicated by copyright

1969 Swanson-Swift Revision

Available from

Hargrave

House

or used

All three variants on 15-inch cardboard

OCLC’s

cuttering

programOCLC Four-figure Cutter and Cutter-SanbornNon-U.S. websitesOnly Cutter-Sanborn three-figureCover images

Left: Original Cutter-Sanborn table, ca. 1920-1940, dist. by H.R. Huntting Co.

Right: Swanson-Swift Revision (1969), printed 1976, dist. by

Hargrave

House

Tarsala * Slide

9Slide10

Cuttering Steps

Scan the alphabetical list to identify where the word you wish to cutter falls.If it matches an entry exactly, choose that number.If it falls in between two entries, choose the entry above where it should file.

Each cutter number represents all possible names beginning with the exactly listed entry and ending just before the next listed entry.

Place a capital letter representing the first letter of the word before the number.

Tarsala * Slide 10Slide11

How to Use the

Cutter-Sanborn Table

Images of

Cutter-Sanborn Three-Figure

Author Table (Swanson-Swift Revision)

, p. 23.

Tarsala * Slide 11Slide12

Cutter-Sanborn Practice

P

ot 859

P

otti

871

Tarsala * Slide 12

Image

Detail from

Cutter-Sanborn Three-Figure

Author

Table (Swanson-Swift Revision), p. 23. Slide13

DIY Expansion

Titles or corporate body names

Non-European words with j’s, q’s, x’s and z’s,

especially Arabic and Pinyin

But … only under the same

classification number

Tarsala * Slide 13

Xi

Xiao

Xing

X

a

1

X

an

2

X

av

3

X

e

4

X

en

5

X

er

6Xl 7Xu 8Xy 9

A

men 511

A

mer

512Ames 513Ames M 514Amh

515

A

mi 516

A

min 517

A

mm

518

A

mmir

519

American Art Association

American Art Bureau

American Art Clay Company

American Art CorporationSlide14

Why the Swanson-Swift Revision Was Needed

Did not change the numbering, only the presentation

1969

Image: Original

Cutter-Sanborn table,

ca

. 1920-1940, dist. by H.R.

Huntting

Co.

Tarsala * Slide 14Slide15

Work marks

Lower-case letters placed at the end of a cutter number used to subarrange titlesLetters after cutter can signal other aspects of the workScript “ℓ

” [Unicode U+2113]

Instructions are available in the front of the Cutter-Sanborn (Swanson-Swift)table

Cutter’s “Explanation” pamphlets freely available via Google Books, Internet Archive, etc

.

Tarsala * Slide 16Slide16

“Two-figure” Special Issues

No online versions of these tables except OCLCFor vowels, use two letters before the numberEd98For the letter S

, use two letters before the number

Sm64

For words beginning with the letters

Sc, use three letters before the number

Sch56

Also includes Cutter three-figures

Not

for Cutter-Sanborn

Tarsala * Slide 15Slide17

Last Words From Charles Ammi Cutter

“Some persons are apprehensive that this decimal arrangement will be hard to use. …

It may be so sometimes;

I can only say that I never had any difficulty with any one,

boy or girl, man or woman, when the arrangement is explained as it is above.”

Charles A. Cutter,

Explanation of the alphabetic-order marks

(two-figure tables) (1911), p. 5.

Tarsala * Slide 17Slide18

CLASSIFICATION

USING CUTTERING WITH

Library of Congress logo from

Wikimedia Commons

Tarsala * Slide 18Slide19

Cutters in LC Call Numbers

A Library of Congress call number may have one, two, or three cutter numbersRarely: noneThree are used only in Class G for mapsThe first one is always preceded by a period

Subsequent ones are not

One letter + one or two digits

R

arely: three or

more

LC Cutters file decimally, with or without the period in front of them

There are no work marks

Tarsala * Slide 19Slide20

How is Cuttering Used in LCC?

Author’s last nameTopic words

Geographical Place Names

Subarranging

Types of Works

Tarsala * Slide 20

TS755 Gemstones

.P3 = Pearls

UH30 Military Cyclists

.F8 =

Fürstenberg

G2972 Atlas

.T3 = Tahiti

GV884 Basketball players

.J63 Magic Johnson

A3 = AutobiographySlide21

Types of LC Cutter Tables

General UseBiography Table

Regions and Countries

Translations

Table XL for literary “Z” cutters

Tarsala * Slide 21Slide22

Availability of LC Cutter Tables

Online ToolboxesLibrary of Congress Classification and Shelflisting ManualPDF Downloads from Library of Congress (free)

Through

Cataloger’s

Desktop

(subscription)Printed Cataloging Textbooks

Lois Mai Chan’s

Guide to the Library of Congress Classification

Tarsala * Slide 22Slide23

Basic Practice with LC Cutters

Tarsala * Slide 23

Image from

Library of Congress Classification and

Shelflisting

Manual, sheet G63Slide24

The Name of the Game is Shelflisting

Tarsala * Slide 24

Photo of Lois Mai Chan from

Library of Congress Cataloging Directorate, 2001.

Quote

:

Chan’s

Cataloging and Classification, 2

nd

ed, p. 288.

“Since the table provides only a general framework for the assignment of numbers,

the symbol for a particular name or work is constant only under a particular class number

.”

Lois Mai ChanSlide25

Shelflisting in Practice

Make newcomers fit with existing numbers to preserve alphabetical order

Tarsala * Slide 25

LC Call Number

Author/Title

SF426.5

.B35

2012

Baines, Rebecca

Everything Dogs

SF426.5.B37 1987

Bare, Colleen Stanley To Love a Dog

SF426.5

.B375

2000

Barner

, Bob

Walk the Dog

SF426.5

.B38

1990

Barrett, Norman S.

Dogs

SF426.5 ???? 2014

Barzoi, Sam A Special Dog

SF426.5.B45 2006

Bennett, Leonie

My Dog’s a Mommy

SF426.5

.B47 2001Berman, Ruth My Pet DogSF426.5

.B53 2000

Blankenhorn, Rebecca World of Dogs

SF426.5.B63 2007Bodden, Valerie

DogsSlide26

Shelflisting in Practice

Make newcomers fit with existing numbers to preserve alphabetical order

Tarsala * Slide 26

LC Call Number

“Correct” Cutter

Author/Title

SF426.5

.B35

2012

.B35

Baines, Rebecca

Everything Dogs

SF426.5.B37 1987

.B37

Bare, Colleen Stanley

To

Love a Dog

SF426.5

.B375

2000

.B376

Barner

, Bob

Walk the Dog

SF426.5.B38 1990.B377

Barrett, Norman S. DogsSF426.5.B385

2014.B379

Barzoi

, Sam

A

Special DogSF426.5.B45 2006.B46Bennett, Leonie

My Dog’s a Mommy

SF426.5.B47 2001.B47Berman, Ruth

My Pet DogSF426.5.B53 2000

.B53Blankenhorn, Rebecca World of Dogs

SF426.5.B63 2007.B63

Bodden

, Valerie

DogsSlide27

For a more advanced understanding of LC cuttering

, register for my Library of Congress Classification eCourse opening October 6, 2014

Tarsala * Slide 27

Image:

Manual of Library Classification and Shelf Arrangement (1898), p. 167.

Internet Archive Book Images

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