Cover Crops Cover Crops

Cover Crops - PowerPoint Presentation

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Uploaded On 2016-09-22

Cover Crops - PPT Presentation

Clare Lindahl Executive Director Conservation Districts of Iowa Cover bare ground preventing erosion loss of soil from wind amp water Fixes N making it available for succeeding cash crop Keep P amp N in your system ID: 469698

crops cover amp crop cover crops crop amp iowa acres soil benefits www biological farmers districts field insurance research




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Cover Crops



Executive Director, Conservation Districts of IowaSlide2

Cover bare ground preventing erosion, loss of soil from wind & water

Fixes N, making it available for succeeding cash crop

Keep P & N in your system

Protects water resourcesReduce fertilizer needs/ costs

Cover Crops:BenefitsSlide3

Improve soil



Enhancing the nutrient system (P & N)Plant & residue conserve soil moistureReduce compaction, encourage infiltrationIncrease organic matter, increase biological activity

Improve yieldsCover Crops:


Tillage Radish

Biological activity in soilSlide4

Can suppress

weeds by providing competition, shading &

allelopathic characteristics

Encourage beneficial biological activity/microbial life in soil, discourage diseaseEncourage beneficial insects, prey on pestsReduce need/cost for herbicides & pesticidesCover Crops:


Provides opportunity for producers with livestock to graze or hay

Opportunities for Iowa businesses

Provides winter food and cover for birds & other wildlife



Research & results specific to Iowa

Quantifying environmental & on farm benefits

Timing & management Species & mixes

Cover Crops:Areas of continued researchSlide7

2011 Resolution to CDI, in place 2012

Allows for Districts to use up to 25% of their IFIP funds for establishment of a cover crop

Up to $25/acresTo be used on the same acres only once

Cover Crops:Assistance


46 Districts participated$277,020.19 was spent 13,068.48 acres installedSlide8

Cost share funds through EQIP

Flat rate per acre

Payment varies by cover crop species usedDifferent initiatives result in payment ranges from $28.71 to $97.54 per acre

Can get it on the same acres every year for a maximum of three consecutive yearsUsually no caps, could be local cap4000 acres (4 years ago) to 50,000 acres last year (Wallaces Farmer)

Cover Crops: AssistanceSlide9

Cover Crops:


1 million acres of

cover crops!


To qualify for federal crop insurance on your spring/cash crop:

Crop (other than cover crop) must be terminated before

any of the crop reaches the headed or budded stageCover Crop can not be hayed, grazed or harvested past May 10

Cover Crop must be terminated (herbicide or tillage) before planting spring crop (USDA-RMA, IA, MN & WI, 2013)Cover Crops:Insurance

Contact your crop

insurance agent!Slide11

Lead by example!

Take notes and share your story

Hold or promote Field Days on Cover CropsBring attention to Cover CropsTalk to the private sector about Cover Crop business opportunities

Cover Crops:Promotion

MD -

www.mda.maryland.gov PA-www.lancastereaglegazette.com

Practical Farmers of Iowa (PFI) & Iowa Learning Farms (ILF)Slide12

Think outside the box!




OH - farmprogress.com

IN - plantcovercrops.comSlide13

Cover Crops:



Farmers of Iowa, www.practicalfarmers.org, select Field Crops (left side of screen), select Cover Crops (first topic in Center of Page)Managing Cover Crops Profitably

Cover Crop Business DirectoryAdding a Cover Crop to a Corn-Soybean System in Iowa (25 minute video)Midwest Cover Crops Council, www.mccc.msu.edu

New Iowa Cover Crop Decision Tools: web-based systems to assist farmers in selecting cover crops to include in field crop and vegetable rotations.Slide14

Thank you!