E-waste management systems

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E-waste management systems




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Presentations text content in E-waste management systems

Slide1

E-waste management systems

Anna Lazzarinetti, ITU

ITU Training on “Green ICT Standards”, 11 July 2014

Slide2

E-waste management

E-waste definition;Scope for regulation and standardization;Principles underlying e-waste policies;E-waste management system architecture;Weaknesses;Way forward.

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Slide3

1. E-waste definition

There is no common definition for e-waste;E-waste legislations differ in scope;“Any device that for functional reasons is dependent on electric currents or electro-magnetic fields in order to work properly. It becomes e-waste when the holder discards, intends or requires to discard” (Morselli et al., 2009).

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Slide4

2. Scope for regulation and standardization

Dramatic rise of e-waste

generation;

Hazardous substances and materials - health and environmental impacts;Urban mining;Illegal traffic of e-waste vs digital divide.

Picture: Andrew McConnell/Alamy

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Slide5

3. Principles

for e-waste policies

Reverse logistics

“Closed loop design through repair, remanufacturing or recycling”, King et al. (2006)

“the process of planning, implementing, and controlling the efficient, cost effective flow of raw materials and related information from the point of consumption to the point of origin for the purpose of recapturing value or proper disposal” (Rogers, Ribben-Lembke, 1999).

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Slide6

Principles for e-waste policies

Waste hierarchy

Prevention

ReuseRecyclingRecoverFinal disposal

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Slide7

Principles for e-waste policies

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

Models for Extended Producer Responsibility, Lindhqvist (1992)

According to OECD (2001), EPR is an “environmental policy approach in which a producer’s responsibility for a product is extended to the post-consumer stage of a product’s life cycle”.

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Slide8

4. E-waste management system architecture

Individual and collective producer

responsibility;Producer compliance schemes

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Slide9

E-waste management system architecture

Physical management of e-waste: take-back systems

Definition

of typical collection mechanisms for various stakeholders, UNU, StEP (2009)

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Slide10

E-waste management system architecture

Financing models What do they cover?Who sets compliance costs? What distinguishes them? METHOD OF CALCULATION;STAKEHOLDERS;LEVERAGE TIME.

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Slide11

E-waste management system architecture

International standards for processing

TargetsReporting and registerEnforcement

Picture: Basel Convention (2014). Tons of illegal waste seized under Operation Demeter III. http://www.wcoomd.org/en/media/newsroom/2014/january/tons-of-illegal-waste-seized-under-operation-demeter-iii.aspx

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Slide12

5. Weaknesses of e-waste management systems

E-waste dispersed

Illegal traffic

Lack of transparent management of funding

No clear common definition

Heterogeneous

reporting requirements

Lack of internationally comparable data

Developing country-specific criticalities

Speculation on compliance costs

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Slide13

6. Measuring e-waste

Harmonizing statisticsReporting matrix: Put on Market EEE (kg/inh);E-waste generated (kg/inh);E-waste Formal collection (kg/inh);E-waste recycling with other waste streams (kg/inh);E-waste exported for reuse (kg/inh);E-waste in waste bin (kg/inh) (PMID, 2014).

Source: Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development (PMID). E-waste statistics. 2014.http://i.unu.edu/media/ias.unu.edu-en/project/2238/E-waste-Guidelines-PartnershipMeasuringICTforDevelopment1.pdf

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Slide14

Way Forward

for policy makers

Long-term

sustainability ambitions

Consider e-waste management in the design of ICT policies

Implement international standards at the national level

Encourage concerted cooperation in handling e-waste at the national, regional and international

level

Improve the

sustainability and competitiveness

of manufacturing and business practices

Create manufactured products through economically-sound processes that minimize negative environmental impacts while conserving energy and natural resources

Sustainable manufacturing also enhances employee, community, and product safety and promote green

jobs

Foster

PPP

Raise awareness

Slide15

ITU-T’s activities on

e-waste

Research & Development Supplement on e-waste management practices (under development)Raise Awareness and Capacity BuildingDevelopment of international standards and policies

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Slide16

Thank you

a

nna.lazzarinetti@itu.int


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