Planting for Bees

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Planting for Bees




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Presentations text content in Planting for Bees

Slide1

Planting for Bees

Patti

Koranda

ISU

Beekeeping

Club

Slide2

Bee + Flower = Honey

Slide3

Bee Friendly Gardens

Planting guideline

Bee

Friendly

Water sources

Plant suggestion

Slide4

Planting Guidelines

Sunny location preferred

Protected from the wind

Several types of flowers

Blooming continuously early spring to late fall

Native bees adapted best to native plants

Guideline are good for other insects, butterflies and birds too

Urban area may be better that country area

Slide5

Plant suggestions-learn about your natives

Native plants are 4 times more attractive than exotic flowers

Herbs, annual, perennials, heirloom can provide good foraging

Flowers and bees help each other

Allow plants to flower

Dead heading plants may increase blooms

Avoid hybrids with double blooms-less nectar or pollen

Plants may be host to caterpillars

Could be called ‘weeds’

Avoid invasive plants

Some may be trees or shrubs

Slide6

Seasonal

Plan to have something is bloom all season long – early spring, summer until late fall

Plant at least 3 different types of flowers per season

Bees and Butterflies fly at different time

They appreciate a garden with varieties of flowers and long season of blooms

Perennials may have a delay in a new garden before they start blooming

Annuals help to fill in bloom times before perennials become established

Slide7

Plant different types of flowers

Plant a wide variety of flowers

Plant in clumps rather than single plant

The family of bees range in size

Minute sweat bees to robust carpenter bees

The have different tongue lengths

Some flowers are flat, daisy like flowers

Some flowers are tubular blossoms

They are attracted to bright colors, blue, white, purple

They see in ultraviolet colors

Slide8

What Bees See

We see in Red, Blue, YellowBees see UV, Blue, Green (think color blind)Bees do not see Red

Slide9

Image of UV Flowers

Slide10

Pollination Facts

75% of plants are pollinated by animals

1/3 of out food depends on pollinator/plant interaction

Many plants cannot reproduce without the help of pollinators

Landing Platforms helpful

Slide11

Nectar

Nectar is a sweet liquid made in special glands called

nectaries

that are found on flowering plants

Nectaries

are most often found by the base of a flower’s petals

Nectar is the reward given to insects and small animals

Nectar is the base ingredient of honey

Slide12

Anatomy of a Flower

Slide13

Invasive Plantshttp://www.invasive.org/species/list.cfm?id=152

Invasive plants are ones that out compete native plants to the native detriment

Thistle – bull, Canada, milk

Garlic mustard

Queen

A

nne lace

Chicory

Oxeye Daisy

Purple Loosestrife

Yellow sweet clover

Multiflora

rose

Purple crown vetch

Japanese barberry

Honeysuckle-Trumpet, Japanese

Oriental bittersweet

Slide14

Bee Friendly

A well run ecological garden attracts birds and beneficial insects that help control pests

Avoid insecticides, they are non selective

Fungicides are also dangerous

BT-bacillus

thuringiensis

Neonicotinoids

An insecticidal coating on seeds to prevent insect damage

Strongly suspected of being systemic (it stays inside the plant cells, in the blooms)

Slide15

Water Source

Bees need water

Hydration-digestion, metabolism, brood, queen

Temperature and humidity regulation

Bees

can drown

Floating Landing platform needed

Stick, log, piece of wood, water plants, cork

Ponds

Streams

Puddles

Dew

Garden Water Features (fountains)

Can add hive water bottle

Pools are not good

Slide16

Spring Plants

Spring difficult time for native bees

Urban areas typically has few early blooming annuals

Some flourish is areas that become shady as trees leaf out *

Weather inconsistent

Slide17

Native Early Spring Bloomers

Native Perennials

Columbine*

Crocus-Prairie

Violets

Bluebells *

Virginia waterleaf *

Wild geranium *

Wild Indigo

Weeds

Dandelions

Slide18

Native Early Spring Bloomers cont.

Trees and shrubs

Fruit trees-apple peach, cherry, crabapple

Dogwood – trees and

shrubs

Chokecherry

Lilac

Red

Bud

Raspberry

Rose

Serviceberry

Strawberry

Viburnum

Willow

Wild Plum

Black locust

Many of these are good for birds too

Slide19

Native Summer Bloomers

Native Perennials

Beebalm

Black-eyed Susan

Blazing Star

Clover

Compass plant

Cup Plant

Mint

Phlox

Purple Cone flower

Spiderwort

Coreopsis (tickseed)

Yarrow

Native ‘Weeds’

Butterfly

Weed

Milkweed

Slide20

Additional Summer Bloomers(non native)

Squash plants

Pumpkins

Pepper

Beans

Tomatoes

Eggplant

Potatoes

Basil

Cosmos

Lavender

Rosemary

Marigolds

Zinnia

Slide21

Native Late Summer-Fall Bloomers

Native Perennials

Aster

Goldenrod

Sunflowers

‘Weeds’

Joe-

pye

weed

Ironweed

Slide22

Credits Helpful sites

Ecological Gardening.net

Kelly

Allsup

Horticulture Extension Educator, U of I extension

http://web.extension.illinois.edu

http://beespotter.mste.illinois.edu

http://

urbanext.illinois.edu/wildflowers/directory.cfm


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