McNicholl. Norman Stone Castle’s. Defences. A castle was built to prevent attack from the enemy. Castle builders added many clever defence tricks to make their castles difficult to attack.. Castle Defences. ID: 271001
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By Sophie McNicholl
Norman Stone Castle’s
A castle was built to prevent attack from the enemy. Castle builders added many clever defence tricks to make their castles difficult to attack.
Many castles were built on high ground with clear views of the surrounding land so attackers could be seen from a distance
High walls The walls of the castles were very high making it hard for attackers to climb over.Slide5
Moats were built so that attackers were easy to shoot whilst swimming or rowing across the moats filled with water.Moats made it difficult for the enemy to build tunnels under the castle.
Ramparts were steep banks of earth or rubble making it difficult for attackers to climb over them to get closer to the castle.
Tall thick stone curtain walls surrounded the castle buildings like a strong shield.There were few doors in the wall so it was harder for attackers to get in!
The main gate or door to the castle was usually a thick, iron-studded wooden door, that was hard to break through. A spiked wooden or metal barrier, called portcullis, helped protect the doors from fire and battering.
Drawbridges could be pulled up, preventing access across moats.
Murder holes were openings in the ceiling just in front of a gate. They were used by defenders in the chamber above to drop hot liquids down on the attackers
It was harder for attackers to make round towers collapse. Unlike square towers they had no corners, which collapsed if holes were dug underneath the foundations.
These provided a safer means of firing arrows from inside the castle.
Arrow and Gun LoopsSlide13