Abi, Kelsey, Sam, Taylor, Varun, Tori

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Legionary Soldier. Basic Facts. Each soldier was a Roman citizen.. They agreed to be a part of the military for 25 years.. All soldiers were trained in infantry warfare.. Some were architects, doctors, carpenters, etc.. ID: 330237 Download Presentation

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Abi, Kelsey, Sam, Taylor, Varun, Tori

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Abi, Kelsey, Sam, Taylor, Varun, Tori

Legionary Soldier


Basic Facts

Each soldier was a Roman citizen.They agreed to be a part of the military for 25 years.All soldiers were trained in infantry warfare. Some were architects, doctors, carpenters, etc.Soldiers built camps and bridges.A legion normally consists of 5,000 foot soldiers.


More Basic Facts

Augustus reorganized the Roman army into a standing army rather than volunteers.He also made 28 legions.The legion was divided into Cohorts which were divided into centuries.Centuries consisted of 80 men.Legions could march 20 miles a day.Legion soldiers were not allowed to marry.


Alex MatthewShehanElijahKylieJordan2nd Period



Roman citizenMedical examinationWell-being of Roman state depends on the recruitmentsAppearance:AwarenessStrong, manly posture: strong, leanPhysical and mental strength



Legion: a division of the Roman army

Should all be Roman citizensMade up of 3,000-6,000 soldiersLegion recruited by an army commanderHe was given the task by the SenateExample: Augustus reorganizing the Roman army He wanted an army rather than volunteersEnded up with 28 legions



Justin Bland, Ellie Girma, Anna Litchfield, Jay Patel, Anthony Rudolph, Jonathan Yntema

Training, Armor, and Weapons


Armor and Training

Soldiers were taught to thrust with their swords, instead of cutting with them.Typical weaponry was a sword on the right, a dagger on the left, a javelin, and a shield.The Legionary soldier wore segmented armor of metal strips with leather straps and buckled straps over a woolen tunic.When the recruit could handle his weapons and was physically fit, he was required to go on route marches on which he had to carry armor, weapons, and a pack weighing around 90 lbs.


Daggers were carried by Roman Legionary soldiers, not usually for combat, but more as a symbol of their social status and were elaborately decorated.

Most soldiers had marks on their chins from the helmets that they wore.The shape of the javelin made it so that when a shield was penetrated, it could not be removed and rendered the shield useless.



Life and work of a soldier

Soldiers spent most of their time building and road-making, or on leave.

Soldiers were given duty rosters on papyrus.

Letters have been found, written on wax and wooden tablets.

Soldiers worked the

pottery kilns, the bakery, and the

brewery, built

a bath house and a




shields and swords


Life and work of a soldier cont

Daggers were used mostly for show, but were also there in case a sword was lost.Christianity was slow to enter the Roman armyThe armor of the different armies was characterized by the region the armies were from


Pay & Promotion



Initially, a soldier received 225 denarii per yearDomitian raised it to 300 denarii per yearThe soldier only received ¼ of this after having to pay for food, clothing, and equipment. 1 denarii is roughly worth $20 USD, so that would be around $6,000 USD



Any soldier could hope for promotion If promoted, the soldier would be paid more and given other benefits such as being exempt from duties that a regular soldier would be responsible for.After 20-25 years of service, a soldier would be given an honorable discharge with 3,000 denarii and land.


The Auxiliaries

By: David Draper,





, Brittany






Specialized troops in the Roman armyArchers from Arabia, slingers from Majorca and MinorcaMost important- cavalryProtected the center legionnaires, launched attacks, pursued enemiesPaid less than the average legionnaireGranted citizenship to the Roman empire after service

What is an Auxiliary Soldier?


Non-Roman citizens recruited from conquestsServed for 25 years in Roman army“Auxilium”- “help” in LatinAuxiliaries are defined as “help soldiers”Recruited into “quingenaria” (500 men) and “milliaria” (1000 men)Split in 80-100 under a centurionMainly used for garrison of forts and policing duties

Life of an Auxiliary


Infantry-most common auxiliary soldierChain mail shirt-carried sword, dagger, spear w/oval shieldCavalry- recruited from tribes good with horsesSpear and oval shield w/multiple javelins attached to the saddles-used a sword for combat

Arms and Armor







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