Global Peacemakers

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Casualties of War. Talk of Peace. Wilson’s Fourteen Points. End to secret treaties. Removal of trade barriers among nations. Reduction of military forces. Right of self-determination. Allies discarded many proposals. ID: 618440 Download Presentation

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Global Peacemakers

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Global Peacemakers


Casualties of War


Talk of Peace

Wilson’s Fourteen Points

End to secret treaties

Removal of trade barriers among nations

Reduction of military forces

Right of self-determination

Allies discarded many proposals


Paris peace conference

January 1919

Wilson headed talks on American behalf

Not interested in spoils of war

Wilson forced to compromise

The Big Four

U.S., Britain, France, Italy

Wanted huge reparations from Central Powers

Feared spread of communism from Russia

Allied powers took over German colonies


League of Nations

Wilson wanted international peace organizationsCreation of League of NationsAttack on one country attack on allCongress voted down League of Nations


Peace Treaty

Redrew the map of Europe

Some nations created as a buffer to communism

Arraignments created more ethnic tension

Reduced ottoman empire to Turkey

Italy gained almost no territory

Placed guilt on Germany

1921 – Reparations Commission ruled Germany owed $33 Billion to allies


New Map



How important were Wilson’s Fourteen Points to the outcome of the peace talks?

What were American fears about the Fourteen Points?

What were some reasons for the redrawing of the map of Europe?


Singing of Treaty

May 7, 1919 Germany refused to sign

French threatened invasion

June 28 Germany signed at Versailles outside Paris


Reaction at Home

Senate hated League of Nations contract in treaty

Wilson toured the nation

Wilson grew inflexible

All or nothing

Senate rejected treaty

March 1920 still rejected

May 20, 1920 congress disregarded treaty and declared war over


July 2, 1921 Another resolution passed and President Harding Signed


Postwar adjustments

War enlarged economy

1922 Senate debt commission declared Europe owed $11.5 billion to U.S.

Britain decline in power

France as well

Returning service men had no jobs

No plan for peacetime economy

Women and minorities fired to make way for returning men



What was the name of President Wilson’s request for peace?

How did congress react the idea of the League of Nations? Why?

What were some consequences to post war adjustment both abroad and at home?

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