1. INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL LAW

1. INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL LAW - Description

CJ 297: Criminal Law . Mount Mercy University. BACKGROUND. 2. Criminal Law V. . CRIMINAL PROCEDURE. Criminal Law. Rules of society. Thou shalt not…. Punishment. Applies to all. Criminal Procedure. Rules that apply to government (CJS). ID: 153176 Download Presentation

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1. INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL LAW

CJ 297: Criminal Law . Mount Mercy University. BACKGROUND. 2. Criminal Law V. . CRIMINAL PROCEDURE. Criminal Law. Rules of society. Thou shalt not…. Punishment. Applies to all. Criminal Procedure. Rules that apply to government (CJS).

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1. INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL LAW




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Presentation on theme: "1. INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL LAW"— Presentation transcript:

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1. INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL LAW

CJ 297: Criminal Law Mount Mercy University

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BACKGROUND

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Criminal Law V. CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Criminal LawRules of societyThou shalt not…PunishmentApplies to all

Criminal ProcedureRules that apply to government (CJS)Treatment of accused/convictedDue process

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CRIMINAL LAW V. CIVIL LAW

CRIMINALCIVILWho is HARMED?SocietyIndividualsWorst thing at STAKE?Life or liberty$Who pays for ATTORNEY?Pros: StateDef: Indiv or StateIndividualsBurden of PROOF?Beyond a Reasonable DoubtBy a Preponderance of Evidence

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CHARACTERISTICS OF U.s. CRIMINAL LAW

Do’s and don’ts“Man”-made & changeableElected lawmakersWritten (notice)Codes (statutes)Case lawConsequencesSpecific or general Rule of LawHarm to SocietyVictimless crimes

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Types of crime

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Categories of crimes

Mala in se v. Mala prohibitaFelony v. MisdemeanorPersonal v. PropertyViolent v. Non-Violent“Street” v. White-Collar

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White-collar crime

How much harm?Stealing: $2,000 v. $80,000Injury/DeathMedical practitioners2 million unnecessary surgeries6 billion unneeded antibiotics with 10,000 deaths20,000 dead from improper emergency careEmployersMore than homicidesSellersUnsafe products & servicesPolluters

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White-collar crime

Why aren’t we punishing white-collar crime more harshly?Who makes the laws?Who influences the laws?

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Selected definitions of crimes

AssaultAttempted/threatened batteryBatteryOffensive contactRapeNon-consensual sex committed with force or threat

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Selected definitions of crimes

TrespassEntry onto another’s property without permissionBurglaryBreaking & entering with intent to commit a crimeTheft/LarcenyStealing with intent to permanently depriveRobberyTheft by force or threat of force

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Selected definitions of crimes

False imprisonmentRestraining someone’s libertyKidnappingRestraining & moving/hiding someone

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Selected definitions of crimes

HomicideTaking the life of live human beingDegrees1st: Purposeful, premeditated2nd: Knowing, in the heat of passionVoluntary Manslaughter: RecklessInvoluntary Manslaughter: Negligent

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