Elements of Poetry Poetry is

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Elements of Poetry Poetry is not ____________. Prose is: ordinary ______________ people use in speaking or writing Poetry is: a form of _______________ expression _______________ intense ID: 771237 Download Presentation

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Elements of Poetry Poetry is

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Elements of Poetry Poetry is not ____________. Prose is:ordinary ______________ people use in speaking or writing Poetry is: a form of _______________ expression _______________ intense experiences

Distinguishing Characteristics of PoetryUnlike _____________ which has a narrator, __________ has a speaker.A _______________, or voice, talks to the reader. The speaker is not necessarily the poet. It can also be a fictional person, an animal or even a thingPoetry is also formatted differently from prose.A ________ is a word or row of words that may or may not form a complete sentence.A ________ is a group of lines in a poem. The stanzas in a poem are separated by a space.

Prose Vs. Poetry No rhymeNo pattern/rhythmNo line division______________________Can target emotionsDivisions are paragraphsRhymed/Unrhymed_____________ a beat/has rhythmLine divisionUses images to focus on a particular idea______________________through use of imagesDivisions are stanzas

Write your prose here on the topic of childhood. Turn your prose into poetry using the box below.

Rhyme ________ is the repetition of the same stressed vowel sound and any succeeding sounds in two or more words.Red, bed, said, Ted, etc…________ ________ occurs within a line of poetry.________ ________ occurs at the end of lines.________ ________ is the pattern of end rhymes that may be designated by assigning a different letter of the alphabet to each new rhyme

Rhyme Scheme ________ of rhyme in a stanza or poem. You can identify the rhyme scheme in stanzas by looking at the last word in the line and assigning letters to the rhyming wordsExample:Like the sun behind the ________ ALike the darkness of the night BLike the grass beneath the trees CYou stepped into the ________ … B

Rhyme Scheme Practice 1.I knew I’d have to grow up sometime, ______That my childhood memories would end, ______But a spark within me died, ______When I lost my imaginary friend. ______2.As the sun set and the moon came, ______I looked out the window in dread and shame. ______The sound of birds rose from the sky, ______I waved my hand and bid goodbye. ______

3. When I look into his eyes, ______I see the deep blue sea. ______I hope my love never dies, ______That he’ll always be there for me. ______4.And here ends the saga ______Of writers who have grown. ______We’re successful authors, ______Now we will be unknown. ______Rhyme Scheme Practice

Enjambment ________________ ________ at the end of the line in which the meaning runs from one poetic line to the next (run on).T.S. Eliot’s “The Wasteland” April is the cruelest month, ______________ Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing Memory and desire,….William Carlos Williams’s “Between Walls” is one sentence broken into 10 enjambed lines:

Acrostic A poem that ________________________________.ScaryCuriousHumiliatingOpenOpportunityLaughter

Challenge... Come up with the BEST acrostic poem for the word, English. Be ready to share!ENGLISH

Blackout Poetry The basic idea behind blackout poetry is that the poet takes a found ________________ (newspaper clipping, page of a book, article, etc.) and crosses out a majority of the existing text, leaving visible only the words that compose and original poem; thereby revealing an entirely new work of literature ________ from an existing one. The striking imagery or design of the text and the ___________ readable text work together to form a new piece of visual poetry. Pretty cool, right?

Chain poem A race against timeTime that we do not haveHave the patience to dealDeal with the all of the badBad things in life are inescapableInescapable but not everlasting.Chain Poem A chain poem uses the ________ ________ of a line as the beginning of a new line.Everlasting truthTruth isn’t always said Said one thing, but meant another Another web of lies Lies that cost too much Much of what we say is always criticized Criticized by people that do the same.

Cinquain five line poem (1 noun, 2 adjectives, 3 _____________, full sentence, 1 _____________)MoneyGreen, desirable Earning, sharing, stealingIt is the necessary evil of the world. Wealth

Compose a cinquain using the one of the following words: love, hate, friendship, or family.

Concrete A poem that focuses on the ________ aspect of poetry, thus creating a ________.

Elegy An Elegy is a sad and thoughtful poem ____________________ the ________ of a person. The Stone Alone in a meadow in the pouring rain I find the stone that causes all my pain, As I stumble through the fog in disbelief I fall down upon my knees and sob in grief The fog horn cries her mournful sound As my heart falls down, beneath the ground Crying out to God for mercy all in vain To take away the stone that bears your name --Elaine George

Epitaph A ________ poem, saying or other message on a __________________ in memory of a deceased person.

Free Verse Free Verse is a type of poetry that exhibits very little ________________. It does not rhyme but rather “flows.” It is not story-like with complete sentences but ________ like the following:NightmareA thought, or is it reality Mysterious happenings Seeking to be let out Scary beyond all measures Falling into darkness Only finding …morning

Let’s write one together. Contribute a line! Tomorrow

Work collaboratively with your group to construct a Free Verse poem over your given topic. EACH group member must contribute at least one line!

Haiku A Haiku is a ______________ poem that follows a specific pattern. Haikus traditionally deal with subjects associated with ________ or natural things. - the first line must be five ________________- the second line must be seven syllables- the third line must be five syllables (_____________rule)Examples: The whisper of wind Here today, here tomorrowAlways Everywhere.Yellow lines white linesIt shouldn't be quite so hardTo stay in betweenCurving up, then down.  Meeting blue sky and green earth  Melding sun and rain.

You try! Fill in the two five syllable lines. *Fill in the seven syllable line.It was the first time _____________________________ Beautiful escape *Fill in the two five syllable lines.___________________________ The wind sang a mournful song___________________________ 

Limerick A limerick poem is one in which the first, _______________, and fifth lines rhyme with each other and have the same number of syllables (typically 8 or 9). The third and fourth lines rhyme with each other and have the same amount of syllables. Limericks often start with the line "There once was a..." or "There was a...” and are typically funny/ _________________!Example of an __________________ syllable limerick: There once was a girl on the bus So cute she made Christopher fuss He gave her a look Got smacked with a book It hurt him so bad that he cussed.

Poetry Slam Written on a page but _____________ for an audienceCan be ___________ Powerful messageRhythmic pattern__________________(emotions are apparent)Explaining My Depression to My Mother: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aqu4ezLQEUA

In your upcoming journals, you’ll be required to react, reflect, and respond to poetry slams. Sample response:

Ode A poem that _______________ a subject; a tribute to an object, ________ or eventOde to Whataburger: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8WKQimdJsoc

Sonnet A form of poetry that was created during the renaissance. ________ sonnets consist of 14 lines; three, four line stanzas (quatrains) accompanied by a ________ ________ (couplets) closing stanza.  The rhyming scheme for an English Sonnet is:ababcdcdefefggTo repeat one’s lovely self twice dailyAnd to tell the time is quite the ticket;While grinding your shining gears quite gailyWithin ticking metal so intricate.It just takes some time and its’ dictationTo fuel your ever-working little handsSilently counting the world’s rotationsAs wind blows hard upon the dusty sands. A clever guardian of all that breathes And of everything that’s rightly true; An invisible sower of the seeds But will you choose to see tomorrow through ?   You can erode the world down to the last Teller of future, and keeper of past.

Figurative and Literal Language Literally: words function ________ as defined The car is blue. He caught the football.Figuratively: figure out what it means I’ve got your back. You’re a doll. ^ ________ of Speech

Alliteration Alliteration refers to ____________ of a particular ________ in the first syllables of a series of words and/or phrases.Don't delay dawns disarming display . Dusk demands daylight . Dewdrops dwell delicatelydrawing dazzling delight .Dewdrops dilute daisies domain. Distinguished debutantes . Diamonds defray delivereddaylights distilled daisy dance

Assonance Repetition of ________ sounds typically in the center of a word.Examples “That solitude which suits abstruser musings” - Samuel Taylor Coleridge “Hear the mellow wedding bells.” — Edgar Allen Poe

Assonance Examples Writers sometimes repeat vowel sounds to reinforce the meaning of the words. It also helps to create moods. Here, the long o sounds ___________. Poetry is old, ancient, goes back far. It is among the oldest of living things. So old it is that no man knows how and why the first poems came. --Carl Sandburg, Early MoonAnd so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the sideOf my darling, my darling, my life and my bride. --Edgar Allan Poe, "Annabel Lee"

Consonance Repetition of a ______________ sound that is not at the beginning of the word—________ in the middle or end of words. ExampleThe sun goes down“as in guys she gently sways at ease” –Robert FrostThe letter was blank, and she didn’t even blink.Sound beside the wood

Sound Devices Review Alliteration is repetition of consonant sounds at the ________ of a word.Assonance is repetition of vowel sounds (typically happens in the ________ of a word).Consonance is repetition of consonant sound at the _____ of words.Trick: Put the words in alphabetical order!Alliteration Assonance Consonancebeginningmiddleend

Allusion An allusion is a figure of speech that makes a ________________ to, or representation of, a place, event, ________ ________, myth, or work of art, either directly or by implication.I was his Juliet, he my Romeo.When she walked down the hall they parted like the red sea.

Connotation and Denotation Connotation - the emotion or ________ surrounding a word.Denotation - the strict ________ meaning of a word. Example: You may live in a house, but we live in a home.

Epistrophe The repetition of a word at the end of _____________ clauses or sentences.Song of MyselfBy Walt WhitmanWhen I was a child,I spoke as a child,I understood as a child,I thought as a child.

Idiom Idioms are, literally ideas as _______________. They develop from older usage, where the words mean something other than their ________ meaning.A chip on your shoulderA slap on the wristA fair-weather friendA piece of cake

Onomatopoeia The process of ________ or using words that ________ sounds.BuzzChirpBaahBangBeepclatterding

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