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John Adam’s Administration John Adam’s Administration

John Adam’s Administration - PowerPoint Presentation

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John Adam’s Administration - PPT Presentation

American History The Election of 1796 Federalist put forth Adams DemRepublicans put forth Jefferson Not decided by p opular vote Votes 7168 Adams President Jefferson VicePresident John Adams ID: 616375

louisiana jefferson france administration jefferson louisiana administration france adams president burr sedition john envoy men thomas federalist 1803 american

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Slide1

John Adam’s Administration

American HistorySlide2

The Election of 1796

Federalist put forth Adams

Dem.Republicans

put forth JeffersonNot decided by popular voteVotes: 71-68Adams, PresidentJefferson, Vice-President

John AdamsSlide3

Quasi-War with France: XYZ Affair

1798 - Adams send a special envoy to France to ease tensions from U.S.-British agreements.

E

nvoy was asked to pay $250,000 in order to speak with the French Foreign Minister Talleyrand.

Envoy refuses, tells Federalist Congress, which immediately suspended all commercial ties to France, empowered American ships to seize armed French vessels, and embarked on the expansion of the U.S. military.

TalleyrandSlide4

Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798

Required a 14-year naturalization period

Empowered the President to deport any “suspicious” aliens

Broad definition of seditionSlide5

“If some means are not adopted to prevent the indiscriminate admission of wild Irishmen and others to the right of suffrage, there will soon be an end to liberty and property…I do not wish to invite hordes of wild Irishmen, nor the turbulent and disorderly of all parts of the world, to come here with a view to disturb our tranquility, after having succeeded in the overthrow of their own Governments.”

-1797

Harrison Gray Otis

(Mass.)Slide6

Image from

Harper’s New Month Magazine

Twenty-five prosecutions eventually brought under the Sedition Act.

All against Democratic Republicans.

Ten men were convicted, but the convicted men were seen as martyrs for the Democratic Republican cause.Slide7

Interposition and Nullification

Virginia and Kentucky declare

the Alien and Sedition Acts unconstitutional

The VA Resolution was authored by James Madison, while the KY Resolution was authored by Thomas Jefferson.Slide8

Judiciary Act of 1801

Gave out-going President Adams the power to expand the federal judiciary

Appointed 16 new judges; 42 new justices of the peace, and scores of attorneys, clerks, and marshals—all of whom were FederalistsSlide9

The Presidential Election of 1800

Thomas Jefferson

John Adams

Power transferred peaceably.Slide10

Thomas Jefferson’s Administration

American HistorySlide11

The Louisiana Purchase (1803)

In 1803, the U.S. bought the Louisiana territory from France for $15

million.

The terms of the agreement were negotiated by Robert Livingston.

Robert LivingstonSlide12

Between 1804 and 1806, the Louisiana territory was surveyed by an expedition under the leadership of U.S. Captain

Meriweather

Lewis and William Clark.Slide13
Slide14

The Burr Conspiracy

Aaron Burr

Jefferson’s VP during

his first term.

July

11, 1804, Aaron Burr

kills

Alexander Hamilton in a duel in Weehawken, NJ

.

Acquitted

1807

,

Burr

charged with treason after the Jefferson administration learned that he has raised an army of several thousand men in

Louisiana.

AcquittedSlide15

Marbury

v.

Madison

(1803) Established the basis for

judicial reviewCourts can determine the constitutionality of laws passed by Congress.

William

MarburySlide16

War with North African Mediterranean States

In 1801, President Jefferson authorized a congressional appropriation of $146,000 for

warships

to secure U.S. commerce and trade interests in the Mediterranean Seas.U

ses

financial surplus inherited

from

Federalist administrations.

E

xtremely

costly for the Jefferson administration

.

The Burning of the Philadelphia

by Edward Moran, 1897