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The Catholic Church &




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Slide1

The Catholic Church & “The Liturgical Year”

RCIA

St. Teresa of Avila Catholic Church

Slide2

What is Liturgy?

Aside from Holy Mass, in the Western Church it is whole collection rituals, prayers, ceremonies and functions prescribed by the Church, performed by Ordained Ministers, for use in all official Church functions.

Slide3

What is the Origin of Our Liturgy?The origin of Liturgy is found in the institution by Christ of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, and the Sacraments, as well as in his example and precepts concerning the necessity and mode of prayer

While Christ laid down the essentials, he left the development of details to his Church, to carry out this task under the guidance of the Holy Spirit

Slide4

Who Celebrates the Liturgy?

It is the whole community, the Body of Christ united with its head that celebrates

Liturgical services are not private functions but are celebrations of the Church which is ‘the sacrament of unity,’ namely, the holy people united and organized under the authority of the bishops

Therefore, liturgical services pertain to the whole Body of the Church

Slide5

When is the Liturgy Celebrated?

Sunday is the pre-eminent day for the liturgical assembly, when the faithful gather “to listen to word of God and take part in the Eucharist…thus calling to mind the Passion, Resurrection, and glory of the Lord Jesus, and giving thanks to God who ‘has begotten them again, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead’ unto a living hope”

Slide6

What is the Liturgical Year? The liturgical year is the temporal structure within which the Church celebrates the holy mysteries of Christ… …"From the Incarnation and the Nativity to the Ascension, to Pentecost and to the wait in joyful hope for the Lord's coming"

Slide7

What is the Liturgical Calendar?

A tool that kindles the hearts of Catholics so that they may remember God’s plan of salvation that was accomplished through the birth, life, death and rising of Jesus Christ

Follows a three-year cycle, each represented by the letters: “A” – “B” – “C”

Slide8

The Lectionary CyclesThe "Lectionary," the Mass readings from the Holy Bible, follows a Sunday cycle as well as a weekday cycle

Year “A” Gospels primarily by Matthew

Year “B” Gospels primarily by Mark

Year “C” Gospels primarily by Luke

Note: The Gospel of John is proclaimed on particular Sundays in each of the years

Slide9

The Lectionary CyclesOn weekdays in Ordinary Time, there is a 2 year cycle numbered I and II: Year I is read in odd numbered years

Year II is read in even numbered years

If a person attends the Holy Mass everyday for three years, having been present for all the readings of the three cycles, most of the Holy Bible will have been read to them during that time frame

Slide10

The Seasons of the Liturgical Calendar

There are six Seasons within the Liturgical Calendar…

Advent

Christmas

Lent /Triduum

Easter

Ordinary Time

Slide11

We are in Year ‘B’Year ‘B’ began December 3, 2017 and ends November 25, 2018. Year ‘C’ will begin November 26, 2018 and end on December 2 2019.

Slide12

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Slide15

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Slide18

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Slide21

Slide22

Liturgical Colors

White:

Purity, Innocence, Joy, Triumph, Glory

Red:

Charity

Violet:

Royalty, Suffering, Expectation, Penance

Rose:

Joy

Green:

Hope, Growth

Slide23

White (may also use Gold)Seasons of Christmas and Easter

Feasts of the Lord

(other than His Passion)

Feasts of Mary, the Angels, Apostles & Saints who were not martyrs

All Saints

(November 1

st

)

& may be used on All Souls

(November 2

nd

)

Weddings, Baptisms, & Funerals

Slide24

RedPalm SundayGood Friday

Pentecost

“Birthday” Feasts of the Apostles & Evangelists

Celebrations of Saints who were martyred

Slide25

VioletSeason of LentSeason of Advent

May be used for Funerals

May be used on All Souls Day

(November 2

nd

)

Slide26

Rose3rd Sunday of Advent (Gaudete Sunday)

4

th

Sunday of Lent (Laetare Sunday)

Slide27

GreenUsed throughout Ordinary Time

Slide28

Slide29

ADVENT

Slide30

The liturgical season of spiritual preparation before Christmas

The Season of Advent begins

on the Sunday closest to the

Feast of St. Andrew the Apostle

(November 30

th

)

It spans four Sundays and

four weeks, with the last week

usually shortened according to

what day of the week on which

Christmas falls

Slide31

Advent comes from the Latin word “adventus” which means “coming”

The importance of the Advent Season is to focus on the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ

Slide32

The first Sunday of Advent marks the beginning of a new liturgical year…which will be Cycle CIn 2018, Advent began on Sunday, December 2nd

.

Advent concludes with the start of the Christmas Season, December 25, 2018

Slide33

Catechism of the Catholic ChurchStresses the two-fold meaning of the “coming”…

…“When the Church celebrates the liturgy of Advent each year, she makes present this ancient expectancy of the Messiah, for by sharing in the long preparation for the Savior’s first coming, the faithful renew their ardent desire for his second coming.”

(CCC 524)

Slide34

The focus of the entire season is the celebration of …The birth of Jesus the Christ in his First Advent

,

And the anticipation of the return of Christ the King in his

Second Advent

Advent is far more than simply marking a 2,000 year old event in history

It is celebrating a truth about God, the revelation of God in Christ whereby all of creation might be reconciled to God

Slide35

CHRISTMAS

Slide36

Christmas is more than just a day…rather it is a seasonThe liturgical Season of Christmas begins with the vigil Masses on Christmas Eve and concludes with the Feast of the Baptism of the Lord on January 13, 2019

Slide37

While the Solemnity of the Birth of Our Savior in fact ranks after Easter and Pentecost, it remains the most popular celebration of the Church year, focused on our wonder at the sublime mystery of the Incarnation

Slide38

LENT / HOLY TRIDUUM

Slide39

The Season of Lent extends from Ash Wednesday (March 6, 2019) to the evening Mass of the Lord’s Supper on Holy Thursday

(April 18, 2019)

Lent is the penitential season set aside by the Church in order for the faithful to prepare for the celebration of the Lord’s Passion, Death and Resurrection

Slide40

During this holy season, inextricably connected to the Paschal Mystery, the Catechumens prepare for Christian initiation, and current Church members prepare for Easter by a recalling of Baptism and by works of penance…Prayer

Fasting

Almsgiving

The two elements which are especially characteristic of Lent…

Baptism

(the recalling of baptism or the preparation for it)

Penance

Slide41

The Holy Triduum is comprised of three Sacred Days…Holy Thursday

Good Friday

Holy Saturday

Slide42

Holy ThursdayHoly Thursday we celebrate the events of the Last Supper

At the Last Supper that Jesus instituted the pillars of our Catholic faith…

The Eucharist

The Priesthood

Mass

Slide43

At the Last Supper, Jesus washed the feet of his disciples demonstrating that we all must be willing to serve one anotherDuring the Mass, the clergy wash the feet of several members of the Parish

Slide44

Following the Holy Thursday Mass; Adoration of the Holy Eucharist continues until midnight This symbolizes the time Jesus spent in prayer in Garden of Gethsemane

Slide45

We remember the Passion and death of our Lord Jesus ChristWe have a Good Friday service but there is no MassDuring this service our Gospel reading details the events of our Lord’s Passion

We venerate the Cross honoring our Lord’s sacrifice for us

Good Friday

Slide46

Holy Saturday/Easter Vigil MassAt the Easter Vigil Mass we celebrate the Resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ

At this service our catechumens and candidates will enter the Church through the Sacraments of Initiation…

Baptism

Confirmation

Holy Eucharist

Slide47

EASTEREaster is not one day or one solemnity…it is a fifty day celebration, extending from Easter Sunday to Pentecost Sunday

A season of solemnity and exaltation at the triumph of Jesus over sin and death

Slide48

ORDINARY TIME

Slide49

There is nothing ordinary about “Ordinary Time”

It is a time of spiritual growth, as we learn from the life and teachings of Jesus Christ

This is the part of the Liturgical Year in which Christ walks among us and transforms our lives

Slide50

Ordinary comes from the Latin word “Ordinalis” which refers to numbers in a series

In Ordinary Time the Sundays/weeks are ordered or numbered

Slide51

Following the Season of Christmas, Ordinary Time will extend to the beginning of Lent on Ash Wednesday

Following the Season of Easter we enter a second and longer period of Ordinary Time that will last until Advent

Slide52

Holy Days of ObligationMost days of obligation fall on a Sunday, however, there are special Feasts in the Liturgical Calendar that fall during the week



The number of days of obligation may vary from country to country. In the United States, the following 6 days of obligation are observed

Christmas Day

(Monday, December 25

th

)

Mary, the Mother of God

(Monday, January 1

st

)

The Ascension

(7

th

Sunday of Easter)

The Assumption of Mary

(August 15

th

)

All Saint’s Day

(November 1

st

)

The Immaculate

Conception

(December

8

th

)

Slide53

QUESTIONS?

Slide54

OBJECTIVESDefine LiturgyDefine Liturgical Year

Define Liturgical Calendar

Gain An Understanding of the Lectionary Cycle

Describe the Liturgical Colors

Gain an Understanding of the Liturgical Seasons