The Psychology of Treating Child Patients

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The Psychology of Treating Child Patients




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Presentations text content in The Psychology of Treating Child Patients

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The Psychology of Treating Child Patients

Brandy A. Lopez

Slide2

Project Design

Child patient and dental staff observation

Dental staff survey

College student survey

Slide3

Introduction

In the United States it was found that 23% of 895 5-11 year olds showed dental anxiety.Dental anxiety occurs via 3 pathways:Direct conditioningModelingMaternal Dental AnxietyInformation/Instruction

Slide4

Non-Physical Behavioral Management

American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry: voice control, distraction and social learning theory

Slide5

Dental Terminology

Word Substitutes

Rubber dam

Rubber raincoat

Rubber dam clamp

Tooth button

Rubber dam frame

Coat rack

Sealant

Tooth paint

Topical Fluoride Gel

Cavity Fighter

Air syringe

Wind gun

Water syringe

Water gun

Suction

Vacuum cleaner

Alginate

Pudding

Study Models

Statues

High Speed

Whistle

Low Speed

Motorcycle

Slide6

Physical Behavior Management

American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry: Papoose boardSedation35%

Slide7

Results:

Dental Staff Survey

Majority consensus

The behavior of the parent/guardian that brings the child affects the behavior of the child.

Social learning theory (tell-show-do technique) is a vital element in acquiring child cooperation.

It is possible to diagnose the level of dental anxiety of a patient within the first few minutes of meeting with dental caregiver.

Having the television on relaxes the patient.

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Results:

College Student Survey

55.12% of college students have low dental anxiety

21.97% of college students have moderate dental anxiety

18.32% of college students have high dental anxiety

Greatest anxiety triggers:

Waiting for the dentist to begin drilling on the patient’s teeth

Root canal treatment

Not being numb enough for the treatment procedure

Slide10

References

1 Miligrom P, Mancl L, King B, Weinstein P. Origins of childhood fear. Behav Res Ther 1995; 33: 313-329.2 Klingberg G, Berggren U, Carlsson SG, Noren JG. Child dental fear: cause-related factors and clinical effects. Eur J Oral Sci 1995; 103: 405- 412. 3 Klingberg G, Berggren U. Dental problem behaviors in children of parents with severe dental fear. Swed Dent J 1992; 16: 27-32.4 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Guidelines 2001-02. Chicago, IL: AAPD, 2002.5 Bandura A. Social Learning Theory. Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press, 1971.

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Discussion: Are you afraid of the dentist?

1. If you had to go to the dentist tomorrow for a check-up, how would you feel about it

?

16.3% a

. I would look forward to it as a reasonably enjoyable experience.

41.9% b

. I wouldn't care one way or the other

.

32.6% c

. I would be a little uneasy about it.

4.7% d

. I would be afraid that it would be unpleasant and painful.

4.7% e

. I would be very frightened of what the dentist would do.

 

2. When you are waiting in the dentist's office for your turn in the chair, how do you feel?

 

39.5% a

. Relaxed.

25.6% b

. A little uneasy.

16.3% c

. Tense.

16.3% d

. Anxious.

2.3% e

. So anxious that I sometimes break out in a sweat or almost feel physically sick.

 

3. When you are in the dentist's chair waiting while the dentist gets the drill ready to

begin working

on your teeth, how do you feel?

 

23.3% a

. Relaxed.

34.9% b

. A little uneasy.

16.3% c

. Tense.

20.9% d

. Anxious.

4.7% e

. So anxious that I sometimes break out in a sweat or almost feel physically sick.

 

4. Imagine you are in the dentist's chair to have your teeth cleaned. While you are

waiting and

the dentist or hygienist is getting out the instruments which will be used to

scrape your

teeth around the gums, how do you feel?

 

32.6% a.

Relaxed.

34.9% b

. A little uneasy

.

14.0% c

. Tense.

18.6% d

. Anxious.

0% e

. So anxious that I sometimes break out in a sweat or almost feel physically sick.

Slide12

Key to Scoring the Dental Anxiety Scale:

a = 1, b = 2, c = 3, d = 4, e = 5

Total possible = 20

Anxiety rating:

9 - 12 = moderate anxiety but have specific stressors that should be discussed and

managed

13 - 14 = high anxiety

15 - 20 = severe anxiety (or phobia).

 

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