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The Shaping of Early Civilizations
The Shaping of Early Civilizations

The Shaping of Early Civilizations - PowerPoint Presentation

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Standard 613 Lets Remember https wwwyoutubecomwatchvCJdT6QcSbQ0 Ancient River Valley Civilizations Geography where are they located natural boundaries Architecture what did they build that they are famous for ID: 541774 Download Presentation

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trade mesopotamia rivers written mesopotamia trade written rivers development language laws man social www law built sumerians ancient area

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Presentation on theme: "The Shaping of Early Civilizations"— Presentation transcript

Slide1

The Shaping of Early Civilizations

Standard 6-1.3 Slide2
Slide3

Let’s Remember…

https://

www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJdT6QcSbQ0

Slide4

Ancient River Valley Civilizations

Geography- where are they located, natural boundaries

Architecture

- what did they build that they are ‘famous for’

Written Language-

communication

Social Order-

how were the people divided by class (jobs)

Government

- who was in control

Trading Systems-

why did they trade, where did they trade, what did they tradeSlide5
Slide6

Geography- Google Earth

One major area of development of civilization was in an area called Mesopotamia. It was located in:

Asia

:

valley between the Tigris and

Euphrates Rivers (present day Iraq)

Mesopotamia means

the land between the rivers”.

Early civilizations formed around

rivers so they could FARM. (crops

n

eed water!)Slide7
Slide8

The Impact of Geography

The most important features of this area

for the development of civilization

were the

Tigris and Euphrates

Rivers

.The

rivers caused the soil in this area to be rich and fertile

.

Each year the rivers would flood, bringing important nutrients to the soil. Slide9
Slide10

The Impact of Geography

The people of Mesopotamia learned to control the flow of the rivers

.

They

created irrigation and drainage ditches

to make it easier to grow crops.

They were

able to grow a lot of food (surplus)= led to the development of cities.Slide11

Architecture

In the cities, the Sumerians

built temples and monuments called ziggurats

.

Temples for their gods

Built them tall to be close to the gods

Only priests were able to go inside

Streamline: Religious Beliefs of the Ancient Sumerians Slide12
Slide13

Written Language

The Sumerians developed the first written language called

cuneiform

.

The cuneiform alphabet had about 500 characters, or wedge shaped forms.

A scribe

was a professional writer

.Slide14

Streamlines

Development of Writing in Mesopotamia (02:09)

The Role of Scribes in Ancient Sumerian Society

(02:05) Slide15
Slide16

Government

Sumer was divided into city-states

.

Each city had its own ruler, laws, and customs

.

Ruled by a priest-king, or king who was the head of the government and the ziggurat

.

http://

www.ma-boutique.co/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/ancient-mesopotamian-city-vsdfvdfresve-amazing-decor-broch-crannog-and-hillfort.jpg

Slide17

Government

One of the greatest contributions of the Babylonians was the creation of a code-of-laws known as

Hammurabi's Code

. This is the oldest set of laws in the world.

Hammurabi =

one of Babylon's greatest

kings.Slide18

He did something that no one had ever done before. The Sumerians had created the first written language,

cuneiform. Using this written language, Hammurabi created the first written set of laws.  In Hammurabi's court, it did not matter if you were rich or poor. If you broke the law, and were found guilty, you would be punished. 

Since the laws were clearly written down,

everyone was expected to obey them. Slide19

Babylonians

Hammurabi’s Code of Law Slide20

Examples of Hammurabi’s Code

If a builder builds a house for some one, and does not construct it properly, and the house which he built falls and kills it’s owner, then that builder shall be put to

death.

Slide21

If a son strikes his father, they shall cut off his hand Slide22

If the woman has not been careful but has gadded about, neglecting her house and belittling her husband, they shall throw that woman into the water.Slide23

If a man put out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out.

If he breaks another man's bone, his bone shall be broken.If he puts out the eye of a man's slave, or break the bone of a man's slave, he shall pay one-half of its value.Slide24

Until this law, what passed for “law” was simply custom or the wish of whoever was ruling at the time. The law could change from generation to generation – even minute to minute.

https://

www.youtube.com/watch?v=oDALXORbtR4

Slide25

Social Order

Society

was

split into social groups

,

or classes

The class systems were unequal

The classes

defined

who

had

power,

less desirable jobsSlide26
Slide27

Streamline

Social Hierarchy Within Nippur Slide28

Trade in Mesopotamia

The land of

Mesopotamia did not have a lot of natural resources

, or at least they did not have the ones in demand during that time period.  So,

to get the items they needed the Mesopotamians had to

trade.

In

the southern part of Mesopotamia,

docks were built

along the sides of the rivers

so that ships could

easily dock and

unload their trade goods

The

merchants

traded food, clothing, jewelry, wine and other goods between the

cities

.

http://

www.mesopotamia.co.uk/trade/explore/exp_set.html

What were the different ways that the Mesopotamians traded goods? Slide29

Trade System Slide30
Slide31

Streamline

Development of Trade in Mesopotamia