UNDERSTANDING THE INDIVIDUAL IN WILDLIFE

UNDERSTANDING THE INDIVIDUAL IN WILDLIFE UNDERSTANDING THE INDIVIDUAL IN WILDLIFE - Start

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UNDERSTANDING THE INDIVIDUAL IN WILDLIFE




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Presentations text content in UNDERSTANDING THE INDIVIDUAL IN WILDLIFE

Slide1

UNDERSTANDING THE INDIVIDUAL IN WILDLIFE CONSERVATION

WHO AN ANIMAL IS AFFECTS TRANSLOCATION SUCCESS Case Study: An endangered species of desert rodent, Dipodomys stephensi

Animal Welfare Program:

Liv Baker

Slide2

Animal Welfare Program

Developed through concerns of loss

of wilderness

Focus on health

of populations, species and overall ecosystem

biodiversity ~ NOT

on the welfare of the

individual

Changes in the intensification

of conservation

programs

warrant

a reevaluation

of

this focusTranslocation demands the direct care and management of free-ranging animals as a means to species survival

CONSERVATION

Slide3

Animal Welfare Program

Deliberate and mediated movement of free-ranging animals

Common conservation practice to combat species loss

Popular among stakeholders

50-95% mortality rate

TRANSLOCATION

Slide4

FACE OF MORTALITY

Animal Welfare Program

Slide5

CAPTURE

Animal Welfare Program

Slide6

HANDLING

/ EXAMINATION

Animal Welfare Program

Slide7

CAPTIVITY

Animal Welfare Program

Slide8

NOVEL

ENVIRONMENT

Animal Welfare Program

Slide9

MONITORING

Animal Welfare Program

Slide10

Animal Welfare Program

TRANSLOCATION SUCCESS?

Where

When

How

Why

?

Slide11

Animal Welfare Program

TRANSLOCATION SUCCESS?

WHO?

Slide12

Southern California

NocturnalRicochetalSemi-fossorialQuasi-solitaryGranivorousKeystone speciesEndangered (1988)

Animal Welfare Program

STEPHENS

’ KANGAROO RAT

Slide13

SUBURBANIZATION

Animal Welfare Program

Slide14

CULTIVATION

Animal Welfare Program

Slide15

INVASIVE GRASSES

Animal Welfare Program

Slide16

Animal Welfare Program

METHODOLOGY: Personality Profile

Demographic information

Fecal cortisol levels

Captive activity budgets

Social context responses

STEPHENS’ KANGAROO RAT

Slide17

Animal Welfare Program

FINDINGS

Home environment matters

C

ortisol matters

Activity level matters

Behavioural

response matters

STEPHENS’ KANGAROO RAT

Slide18

Parking lot

Fallow vineyard (El Sol)

Animal Welfare Program

Slide19

Animal Welfare Program

STEPHENS’ KANGAROO RAT

Slide20

Animal Welfare Program

FINDINGS

Home environment matters

Cortisol matters

Activity level matters

Behavioural

response

matters

STEPHENS’ KANGAROO RAT

Slide21

Animal Welfare Program

STEPHENS’ KANGAROO RAT

Slide22

Animal Welfare Program

STEPHENS’ KANGAROO RAT

Slide23

Animal Welfare Program

FINDINGS

Home environment matters

Cortisol matters

Activity level matters

Behavioural

response matters

STEPHENS’ KANGAROO RAT

Slide24

Animal Welfare Program

STEPHENS’ KANGAROO RAT

*

Slide25

Animal Welfare Program

FINDINGS

Home environment matters

C

ortisol matters

Activity level matters

Behavioural

response matters

STEPHENS’ KANGAROO RAT

Slide26

Parking lot SKR

El Sol SKR

Animal Welfare Program

Predator simulation

Less

interaction with predator stimuli

Fewer

attempts at escape

More

time spent at refuge

(Except for experienced SKR)

Conspecific simulation

More

interaction with mirror

Quicker

to interact with mirror

Predator simulation

More

interaction with predator stimuli

Greater

attempts at escape

Less

time

spent at refuge

(Experienced behaved the same)

Conspecific

simulation

Less

interaction

with mirror

Slower

to interact with mirror

Slide27

Animal Welfare Program

WHO SURVIVES?

Cortisol activity reactivity

More

Docile

More Cautious

More Social

More Plastic

Slide28

Animal Welfare Program

Compassionate Conservation

Slide29

Animal Welfare Program:

Liv Baker

THANKS TO

For Guidance:

David Fraser, UBC

Debra Shier, ICR; UCLA

Matt R.

Milnes

, MHC; ICR

Jeff

Zuba

, ICR

For Assistance:

Tom Ash

Nancy Chen

Michael Lawrence

Chris Moen

Matthew

Petelle

Christina

Tse

Mary

Toews

Sean

Kuling

For Funding:

Riverside County Habitat Conservation Agency

Killam

Foundation


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