Domestic Violence Awareness: Sexual Violence in relationshi

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Domestic Violence Awareness: Sexual Violence in relationshi

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Domestic Violence Awareness: Sexual Violence in relationships

The Counseling Center

Purdue University Northwest


SEXUAL violence in adults

Sexual Violence Statistics

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012),


of women reported experiencing forced sex at some time in their



of men reported experiencing forced sex at some time in their



% of women


0.9% of men surveyed said they experienced unwanted sexual activity in the previous 12

months (

Basile et al., 2007


In college age adults, 20-25% of women in college reported experiencing an attempted or completed rape (

Fisher, Cullen, & Turner, 2000



Intimate partner violence (IPV)

Intimate partner violence (IPV)

is defined as violence between two people who are in a close relationship. Four types of behavior occur in IPV:

Physical violence

occurs when one partner hurts, or attempts to hurt, the other partner through physical force (e.g. hitting or kicking).

Sexual violence

occurs when one partner forces the other partner to engage in any form of sexual activity without consent.


may include the use of words, gestures, weapons, or other means to communicate the intent to cause harm to another person.

Emotional abuse

occurs when one partner threatens the other partner (or the partner’s possessions or loved ones), or harms the partner’s sense of self-worth. Examples of emotional abuse include stalking, name-calling, intimidation, or refusing to let the partner see friends and family (

CDC, 2011



Intimate partner violence: effects

IPV affects many aspects of the victim’s overall heath (physically, emotionally, and psychologically).

Victims of sexual violence may experience the following:

Physical injuries

. Some injuries may be minor such as cuts, scratches, and bruises. Serious injuries may include broken bones, internal bleeding, and head trauma.

Emotional trauma

. Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder(PTSD) may be experienced by those who are victims of IPV (

Campbell, 2002


Behavioral changes

. Victims may also begin to engage in negative health behaviors, such as high-risk sexual behaviors, unhealthy eating/dieting and substance abuse.


How do I know if I am a victim of partner abuse?

Does your partner:Embarrass you with put-downs?Look at you or act in ways that scare you?Control what you do, who you see or talk to or where you go?Stop you from seeing your friends or family members?Take your money or Social Security check, make you ask for money or refuse to give you money?Make all of the decisions?Tell you that you’re a bad parent or threaten to take away or hurt your children?Prevent you from working or attending school?Act like the abuse is no big deal, it’s your fault, or even deny doing it?Destroy your property or threaten to kill your pets?Intimidate you with guns, knives or other weapons?Shove you, slap you, choke you, or hit you?Force you to try and drop charges?Threaten to commit suicide?Threaten to kill you?-National Domestic Violence Hotline

If you answered “yes” to one or more of the following questions, you may be in an abusive relationship.


Protecting the victim’s safety in a violent relationship

If you are the



Understand that an abusive partner may try to keep track of your activities and others (e.g. friends, family, co-workers) you commonly have contact with. As a consequence, the abusive partner may try to isolate you from these contacts. Use an internet source that is not located at home (e.g. a public library), since online browsing histories are difficult to completely erase.

If you have children who may have witnessed the domestic abuse, let them know that abuse is not an acceptable behavior.

Abuse will usually

not get better in time


White &


, 2010


Develop a



A safety plan is a way for victims of domestic abuse to preserve their safety while in an abusive relationship. This will help victims learn how to cope in the abusive relationship while they are developing a plan to leave the relationship.


Safety Plan resources

The National Domestic Violence Hotline

offers safety planning guidelines for victims of domestic abuse.

Valuable safety planning resources can be accessed

by visiting

Click on “Get Help Today.”

From the

American Bar Association


Guidelines for keeping you and your

family safe:


From the

National Coalition Against Domestic Violence

Guidelines for increasing

your safety





Domestic Violence Report


Safety Plan for a



Be sure to use a secure internet source that is not monitored when visiting these websites.


Protecting the victim’s safety in a violent relationship

If you are the




Do not put judgment on the victim

Do not criticize the victim for being involved in a relationship with the abuser.

Tell the victim that you are there for him/her and you will not tell others about the abusive relationship without their consent.

Make sure he/she understands that being abused is never the victim’s fault.

Encourage the victim to seek medical attention.

Encourage the victim to seek legal counsel (

White &


, 2010



Resources for victims of partner abuse

The National Sexual Assault Hotline

The National Sexual Assault Hotline connects the caller with a crisis counselor. Services are free and will remain confidential and anonymous unless the caller chooses otherwise.

This hotline can be accessed through phone at


, or



Rape, Abuse, & Incest National Network (RAINN) crisis center locator

You can find a local crisis center by visiting



The National Domestic Violence Hotline


intervention, safety information, and referral sources are available to both domestic violence victims and those who are calling to help a victim of domestic violence.

You may contact the hotline by calling


, or



The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence



to find resources and information about domestic violence.


PNW counseling Center contact info

Hammond Campus

2200 169





Hammond, Indiana 46323

Westville Campus

1401 S. U.S. Hwy. 421

TECH 101

Westville, Indiana 46391



Basile, K.C., Chen, J.


, M.C. & Saltzman, L.E. (2007).

Prevalence and characteristics of sexual violence victimization.

Violence and

Victims, 22




Campbell, J. C. (2002). Health consequences of intimate partner violence.

The Lancet,

359, 1331-1336.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010, October 28). Intimate partner violence: Consequences. Retrieved October 3, 2011 from

Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (


Sexual violence: Facts at a glance. Retrieved

January 23, 2013


Violence Prevention Data Sheet

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Understanding Intimate Partner Violence: Fact Sheet. Retrieved August 22, 2011 from

IPV Fact Sheet


BS, Cullen FT, Turner MG. 2000. The sexual victimization of college women. Washington: Department of Justice (US), National Institute of Justice; Publication No. NCJ 182369.

National Domestic Violence Hotline. (2011). Am I being abused? Retrieved from

White, R. &


, J. (2010). Safety plan for a friend, relative, or co-worker who is being abused by an intimate partner.

Domestic Violence Report

. Retrieved from

Safety Plan For A Friend

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