American Playwright 18881953 Eugene Gladstone ONeill October 16 1888 November 27 1953 was an American playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature His poetically titled plays were among the first to introduce into American drama techniques of ID: 343677 Download Presentation
American Playwright, 1888-1953. Eugene Gladstone O'Neill. (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was an American playwright and . Nobel laureate. in . Literature. . His poetically titled plays were among the first to introduce into American drama techniques of .
Download Presentation - The PPT/PDF document "Eugene O’Neill" is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.
Presentation on theme: "Eugene O’Neill"— Presentation transcript:
American Playwright, 1888-1953
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill
(October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was an American playwright and
. His poetically titled plays were among the first to introduce into American drama techniques of
earlier associated with Russian playwright
, Norwegian playwright
, and Swedish playwright
plays were among the first to include speeches in American
and involve characters on the fringes of
, where they struggle to maintain their hopes and aspirations, but ultimately slide into disillusionment and despair. O'Neill wrote only one well-known comedy (
Nearly all of his other plays involve some degree of
(Wikipedia, November 5, 2012)
O’Neill in 1893
On the beach with first wife and Eugene O’Neill, Jr.
, Eugene O’Neill
in happier times
1914-1920Bread and Butter, 1914Servitude, 1914The Personal Equation, 1915Now I Ask You, 1916Beyond the Horizon, 1918 - Pulitzer Prize, 1920The Straw, 1919Chris Christophersen, 1919Gold, 1920Anna Christie, 1920 - Pulitzer Prize, 1922The Emperor Jones, 1920
The First Man
The Hairy Ape
Desire Under the Elms
The Great God Brown
1931-1953Mourning Becomes Electra, 1931Ah, Wilderness!, 1933Days Without End, 1933The Iceman Cometh, written 1939, published 1940 First performed 1946Hughie, written 1941, first performed 1959Long Day's Journey Into Night, written 1941, first performed 1956 Pulitzer Prize 1957A Moon for the Misbegotten, written 1941–1943, first performed 1947A Touch of the Poet, completed in 1942 First performed 1958More Stately Mansions, second draft found in O'Neill's papers First performed 1967The Calms of Capricorn, published in 1983
The Glencairn Plays
Plays, all of which feature characters on the fictional ship
—filmed together as
The Long Voyage Home
Bound East for Cardiff
In The Zone
The Long Voyage Home
Moon of the
Other Short Plays
A Wife for a Life, 1913
The Web, 1913
The Movie Man: A Comedy,
Before Breakfast, 1916
The Rope, 1918
Shell Shock, 1918
The Dreamy Kid, 1918
Where the Cross Is Made, 1918
The early plays
1918 - Bound East for Cardiff at Provincetown Playhouse
Provincetown Playhouse on the Wharf, 1918
From the Wooster Group
Lithograph of the Glencairn
The Wooster Group
The Wooster Group/New York City Players Early PlaysBased on the Glencairn Plays by Eugene O’NeillDirected by Richard Maxwell Produced by The Wooster Group
“A rare collaboration between two avant-garde powerhouses
Wooster Group and Richard Maxwell’s New York City Players.
New York Magazine
[Richard Maxwell is] “One of the most innovative and essential artists to emerge from American experimental theater in the past decade
The New York Times
“Essentially what Maxwell has done is transform O’Neill into Beckett.
It’s not every day that two of America’s most renowned experimental theater companies share the same stage. The Wooster Group and New York City Players bring their much heralded, award-winning collaboration,
, to San Francisco for three nights only. A reprise of thee one-act plays by Eugene O’Neill known collectively as the “
Bound East for Cardiff
The Long Voyage Home
The Moon of the
recounts the tales of a group of sailors on a tramp steamer, exposing the under belly of turn-of-the-century maritime life and the longing and loneliness of life at sea. The episodes are threaded together with haunting melodies, composed and written by director Richard Maxwell, and staged with a simplicity and grace that allow these simple stories to resonate deeply and emotionally.
Since its inception in 1975, the Wooster Group has been celebrated as one of the most vibrant and vital voices in contemporary American theater. Known for their pioneering explorations with new technology and multidisciplinary art forms, they have left an indelible mark on contemporary performance. New York City Players, under the direction of Richard Maxwell, is a company known for its original productions rigorously stripped of theatrical artifice. The collaboration of these two companies created a ripple of excitement in the New York theater establishment and resulted in an Obie Award for direction for Richard Maxwell.
O'Neill was married to Kathleen Jenkins from October 2, 1909 to 1912, during which time they had one son, Eugene O'Neill, Jr. (1910–1950). In 1917, O'Neill met Agnes Boulton, a successful writer of commercial fiction, and they married on April 12, 1918. The years of their marriage—during which the couple lived in Bermuda and had two children, Shane and Oona—are described vividly in her 1958 memoir Part of a Long Story. They divorced in 1929, after O'Neill abandoned Boulton and the children for the actress Carlotta Monterey (born San Francisco, California, December 28, 1888; died Westwood, New Jersey, November 18, 1970). O'Neill and Carlotta married less than a month after he officially divorced his previous wife.
Carlotta Monterey in a
1930 production of O’Neill’sThe Hairy Ape
In 1929, O'Neill and Monterey moved to the Loire Valley in central France, where they lived in the Château du Plessis in Saint-Antoine-du-Rocher, Indre-et-Loire. During the early 1930s they returned to the United States and lived in Sea Island, Georgia, at a house called Casa Genotta. He moved to Danville, California in 1937 and lived there until 1944. His house there, Tao House, is today the Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site.In their first years together, Monterey organized O'Neill's life, enabling him to devote himself to writing. She later became addicted to potassium bromide, and the marriage deteriorated, resulting in a number of separations. Although they separated several times, they never divorced.
In 1943, O'Neill disowned his daughter Oona for marrying the English actor, director and producer Charlie Chaplin when she was 18 and Chaplin was 54. He never saw Oona again.He also had distant relationships with his sons. Eugene O'Neill, Jr., a Yale classicist, suffered from alcoholism and committed suicide in 1950 at the age of 40. and Shane O'Neill, became a heroin addict and moved into the family home in Bermuda, Spithead, with his new wife, where he supported himself by selling off the furnishings. He was disowned by his father before also committing suicide (by jumping out of a window) a number of years later. Oona ultimately inherited Spithead and the connected estate (subsequently known as the Chaplin Estate).
After suffering from multiple health problems (including depression and alcoholism) over many years, O'Neill ultimately faced a severe Parkinsons-like tremor in his hands which made it impossible for him to write during the last 10 years of his life; he had tried using dictation but found himself unable to compose in that way. While at Tao House, O’Neill had intended to write a cycle of 11 plays chronicling an American family since the 1800s. Only two of these, A Touch of the Poet and More Stately Mansions were ever completed. As his health worsened, O’Neill lost inspiration for the project and wrote three largely autobiographical plays, The Iceman Cometh, Long Day's Journey Into Night, and A Moon for the Misbegotten. He managed to complete Moon for the Misbegotten in 1943, just before leaving Tao House and losing his ability to write. Drafts of many other uncompleted plays were destroyed by Carlotta at Eugene’s request.
O'Neill died in Room 401 of the Sheraton Hotel on Bay State Road in Boston, on November 27, 1953, at the age of 65. As he was dying, he, in a barely audible whisper, spoke his last words: "I knew it. I knew it. Born in a hotel room and died in a hotel room." (The building later became the Shelton Hall dormitory at Boston University. There is an urban legend perpetuated by students that O'Neill's spirit haunts the room and dormitory.) A revised analysis of his autopsy report shows that, contrary to the previous diagnosis, he did not have Parkinson's disease, but a late-onset cerebellar cortical atrophy.
He is interred in the Forest Hills Cemetery in Boston's Jamaica Plain neighborhood.In 1956 Carlotta arranged for his autobiographical masterpiece Long Day's Journey Into Night to be published, although his written instructions had stipulated that it not be made public until 25 years after his death. It was produced on stage to tremendous critical acclaim and won the Pulitzer Prize in 1957. This last play is widely considered to be his finest. Other posthumously-published works include A Touch of the Poet (1958) and More Stately Mansions (1967).The United States Postal Service honored O'Neill with a Prominent Americans series (1965–1978) $1 postage stamp.