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Federalist and Antifederalist
Federalist and Antifederalist

Federalist and Antifederalist - PowerPoint Presentation

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Federalist and Antifederalist - Description

Components added to Constitution Enumerated and Reserved Powers Powers that would specifically rest with the Federal Government Enumerate means to list If it wasnt listed it was denied to the Fed Govt and reserved for state decision ID: 540208 Download Presentation

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Presentation on theme: "Federalist and Antifederalist"— Presentation transcript

Slide1

Federalist and AntifederalistSlide2

Components added to Constitution

Enumerated and Reserved Powers

Powers that would specifically rest with the Federal Government

Enumerate means to listIf it wasn’t listed, it was denied to the Fed Gov’t and reserved for state decisionReserved powers included managing elections and education

Separation of Powers3 branch gov’t to separate the powers to avoid putting too much power in the hands of few peopleEx. Legislature will make the laws but couldn’t enforce themNo one branch of gov’t would control others without their approvalTo avoid fed gov’t taking over the power of the states

Checks and Balances

Each branch was empowered to stop the others from exercising too much power

Ex. President can appoint assistants, advisors, judges but ONLY with the approval of Congress

Avoid any part of the Fed. Gov’t from becoming too powerfulSlide3

ANTI-FEDERALIST ARGUMENTS

Did not support the Constitution

Argued that no Federal Government could pass laws that would be suitable for all states

Believed too much power was taken away from the statesAnti-Federalists: Patrick Henry, John Hancock, Samuel Adams, George MasonGeorge Mason believed any constitution was unacceptable if it didn’t protect America’s basic rights such as:

Freedom of speechFreedom of religionTrial by juryThomas Jefferson (Federalist) agreed that a Bill of Rights is what the people are entitled to Slide4

FEDERALIST ARGUMENTS

Federalists supported the Constitution

James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay publish essays that showed the weaknesses of the Anti-Federalist ideas “Federalist Papers”

Defended why they should support the ConstitutionExplained the branches of government and described how each of the checks and balances would work to make government effective and prevent it from gaining too much power

Fed paper #10 – Madison argues the effectiveness of Federal Government and how it caters to a diverse population which is less threatened by factionsSlide5

Differences

Federalists

Supported removing some powers from the states and giving more powers to the national government

Favored dividing powers among different branchesProposed a single person to lead the executive branch

AntifederalistsWanted important political powers to remain with the statesWanted the legislative branch to have more power than the executive Feared a strong executive might become a king or tyrant

Believed a bill of rights needed to be added to the Constitution to protect the people’s rightsSlide6

Ratification

December 1787 – 1

st

four states ratify the constitutionJanuary 1788 – 2 more ratified, then 1 more in FebruaryBy June 1788 – 9 states ratified the constitutionNew York and Virginia did not cast their vote yet

VA was the largest state NY would separate the US geographicallyGeorge Mason wouldn’t sign until a Bill of Rights was addedBill of Rights – set of rules that defines people’s rightsMassachusetts and Virginia sign, then with the pressure of the A.F. ratified the ConstitutionBy 1790 NC and Rhode Island ratify the Constitution with the Bill of Rights added for approval