Change & Continuity Over Time

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Change & Continuity Over Time




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Presentations text content in Change & Continuity Over Time

Slide1

Change & Continuity Over Time(CCoT) Essay

AP World History

Slide2

What’s the goal of this essay?

It deals specifically with analysis of continuities and changes over time.

Change:

You have to recognize major changes in history, and identify and understand what causes those changes.

Continuity:

You have to recognize factors which remain the same throughout history, and identify and understand factors that allow this.

It addresses a particular theme.

Technology, trade, culture, migrations, the environment, politics…

It also addresses a particular region (but usually, you get to pick)

You have to analyze what changes and what stays the same for an aspect of history, explain why those changes and continuities occur, and give specific examples.

Slide3

CCoT prompts look like this:

Slide4

What the Directions Mean

Write a thesis that points out changes & continuities over time.

Support it with evidence.Answer all parts of the question.Show the change over time, using relevant history.Contrast how things turned out with how things were originally, and weigh what changed vs. what stayed the same.Analyze the process of continuity and change. Explain why it happens.

Slide5

The rubric:

Basic Core:

Competence

Expanded Core:

Excellence

Has acceptable thesis

. (Addresses global issues, correct time period. Must include change

and

continuity.) - 1 point

Addresses all parts of the question, though not necessarily evenly or thoroughly.

- 2 points

Substantiates thesis with appropriate historical evidence

. - 2 points

Uses relevant historical context effectively to explain change over time and continuity.

(How are changes and continuities in this specific topic influenced by global historical movements or processes?) - 1 point

Analyzes the process of change over time and continuity.

(Why do things change or stay the same?) - 1 point

Expands beyond the basic core of 1-7 points. A student must earn

7 points

in the basic core before earning points in the expanded core area.

Has a clear, analytical, and comprehensive thesis

Addresses all parts of the question comprehensively

Provides even and ample evidence of change and continuity

Analyzes both change and continuity throughout the essay

Provides ample world historical context

Provides extended analysis of change or continuity (extra reasons why things change or stay the same)

Slide6

Writing the CCoT

Slide7

Step 1: Process the Prompt

Read the question and figure out what you’re expected to do. Circle the key phrases: What (topics)Who (societies or regions)When (dates)

What:

Changes & continuities in

Participation in interregional trade

(trade with other regions)

Who:

One of the three choices

(Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia)

When:

1500 to 1750

Slide8

Step 2: Brainstorm your Info

The topics you discuss (what changes & stays the same) will be based on the prompt. Sometimes they’ll give you categories, other times you can create your own.

SCRIPTED: Social, Cultural, Religion, Interactions with Others, Politics, Technology, Economics, Demography (Population)

Try to get 3 topics.

→ 3-sentence thesis

Slide9

Step 2: Brainstorm Your Info

1500 1750

Beginning

:

(The “baseline”)

What is the topic like in this region at the beginning of this time period? Set it up so you can explain the changes

Middle: What has changed about this topic? What has stayed the same? Why?

End: What has changed about this topic? What has stayed the same? Why?

Slide10

Step 2: Brainstorm Your Info

1500 1750

Beginning

:

(The “baseline”)

What is the topic like in this region at the beginning of this time period? Set it up so you can explain the changes Ex. In SE Asia, part of Indian Ocean trade network -- peaceful trade between India, China, Arabs

Middle: What has changed about this topic? What has stayed the same? Why? Ex. Changes - European nations (Spain, Portugal) get into tradeMore military use in SE Asia (Portugal)Continuities - Trade between India, China, Arabs for luxury goods

End: What has changed about this topic? What has stayed the same? Why? Ex. Changes - Dutch dominate spice trade,English begin to control IndiaEuropeans control major trading ports & demand tribute from localsContinuities - etc.

Slide11

Step 3: Write a Thesis/Intro

1 sentence -- set up the time period/historical background (using the prompt)

3 sentences - 1 for each of your 3 main arguments

Make sure to address continuity

and

change

See the whiteboard for examples

Slide12

Step 4: Write the Essay

Each body paragraph is a

snapshot of time.

What’s going on with your topic in this area during this part of history? (You can think of it like the “beginning” paragraph, the “middle” paragraph, and the “ending” paragraph.)

In each body paragraph, talk about each of your three themes/topics:

Topic Sentence

Theme 1

- what changed or stayed the same?

Why (analyze)?

Theme 2

- what changed or stayed the same?

Why

(analyze)

?

Theme 3

- what changed or stayed the same?

Why

(analyze)

?

For each theme, prove it -- give historical evidence (facts)

Global context

What’s going on in the rest of the world? How does this topic relate?

Slide13

Change & Continuity Words

NowGraduallyLaterEventuallyImmediatelyUntil that timeUp to that timeFormerlyAs things evolvedOver TimeAt this pointAfterwordNext

Persistent

Sustained

Enduring

Ongoing

Constant

Sustained

Maintained

Uphold/upheld

Preserve

Retain

Remain

Stay

Carry on

Slide14

Keep this in mind while you write:

You have to use

concrete details

and analyze based on the prompt.

You can’t just say “Prior to 1948, the Jewish people had no homeland. In 1948, Israel was established.”

Use facts to show the historical development of the change:

“In the early twentieth century, few people saw the need for the establishment of an independent Jewish state. However, as a result of the genocide of Jewish people during World War 2, support for the the establishment of such a state began to grow, leading to the creation of Israel in 1948.”

Slide15

You got this!


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