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Military Communication Skills Overview:

Military Communication Skills Overview: Military Communication Skills Seven Steps to Effective Communication Talking Paper, Bullet Background Paper &

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Military Communication Skills Overview:






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Military Communication Skills

Overview: Military Communication Skills Seven Steps to Effective Communication Talking Paper, Bullet Background Paper & Memorandum for Record Electronic Communication Briefings

Cognitive Samples of Behavior: Explain the seven steps to effective communication. Describe guidance for electronic communication (e-mail, voice mail, and telephone systems) in the Air Force. Apply T&Q guidance for writing a bullet background paper, talking paper, and a memorandum for record. Explain the steps required to prepare a military briefing. Describe effective delivery techniques in a military briefing.6. Use guidance to prepare and deliver a military briefing. SOBs

Time well-spent in preparing for any type of writing or briefing pays big dividend$. You’ll feel CONFIDENT when speaking. Your message will have CREDIBILITY. The 7 steps for effective communication offers you CONFIDENCE and CREDIBILITY! Military Communication Skills

Overview: Military Communication Skills Seven Steps to Effective Communication Talking Paper, Bullet Background Paper & Memorandum for Record Electronic Communication Briefings

Seven Steps Analyze your purpose and audience Purpose? Audience? What will make it easy for your audience to understand? Be inclusive (use words meaningful, respectful) Ex: I’m looking for a committee chairman for the December food drive… use “chairperson”

2. Research your topic Sources? Personal bias? Other perspectives to study? Seven Steps

3. Support your ideas Cite Sources Offer Evidence ( definitions, examples, statistics, basic assumptions, explanation) Use Logical, Rational Arguments (T&Q pg.42-53) All humans are mortal. Socrates is human. Therefore, Socrates is mortal. Seven Steps

4. Organize and outline Outline your main ideas Pick your organizing pattern: TOPICAL COMPARISON-CONTRAST CHRONOLOGICAL SEQUENTIAL SPATIAL PROBLEM-SOLUTION REASON/LOGIC C AUSE-EFFECT PRO-CON Seven Steps

Draft Written : Intro-Body-Conclusion Briefing Notes/Slides: Overview-Body-Summary Grammar Writing Mechanics Spelling Jargon √ Wordiness Keep it simple! Seven Steps

6. Edit Do your own edit first…w/FRESH eyes! Find another set of eyes! “Be one with your audience” Start w/the BIG PICTURE…then the details Proof-Redo…Proof- Redo…Proof- Redo…Proof-Redo (See T&Q, p 91) Seven Steps

7. Fight for Feedback and Get Approval Seek out another set of “eyes” Have feedback givers focus on: Clear purpose? Fits my audience? Feedback comes in 3 flavors: Necessary? Desirable? Unnecessary? For more information on the 7 Steps, see Ch 2-9 in your T&Q Seven Steps

Overview: Military Communication Skills Seven Steps to Effective Communication Talking Paper, Bullet Background Paper & Memorandum for Record Electronic Communication Briefings

Definition : a quick reference or outline for a program, problem, biography, or oral presentation. Flexible use! The Talking Paper TALKING PAPER ON NEW AIR FORCE LIEUTENANTS - The new Lt has “potential energy” -- Source of fresh ideas -- Hopeful to make a difference - Lts need to learn the military system -- Appropriate channels -- Appropriate documentation Maj Cecil/HOLM CTR/CR/3-1017/ agc /8 Mar 1 5

Definition : a paper that provides the background of a program, policy, problem or procedure. Simple format for complex issues . (T&Q, pp 226-227) The Bullet Background Paper BULLET BACKGROUND PAPER ON WRITING BULLET BACKGROUND PAPERS PURPOSE The purpose statement informs readers on both the purpose and main points of the paper. It may be a single sentence or a short paragraph in length. FORMAT Main ideas may be presented as headings (e.g. PURPOSE, DISCUSSION, FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATIONS) Secondary items follow with a single dash; tertiary and further subordinate items follow with multiple indented dashes CONCLUSION End with recommendations or conclusions that end the discussion. Maj Cecil/HOLM CTR/CR/3-1017/ agc /8 Mar 1 5

Definition : The MFR is less formal than the official memorandum but records important information, questions or actions quickly. There are several formats for the MFR depending on the time and space available. (T&Q, pp 190-191) The Memorandum for Record 17 February 2014 MEMORANDUM FOR RECORD SUBJECT: The Memorandum for Record 1. The memorandum for record, commonly known as a memo for record, MR or MFR, has three forms: (a) the separate page memorandum, (b) the explanatory note, and © the compact note. The form used is determined by the purpose for the MR and the needs of the writer. The separate pate MR uses a modified signature block by using the organization abbreviation and office symbol rather than the duty title. Agnes G. Cecil AGNES G. CECIL ACSC/CSS

Overview: Military Communication Skills Seven Steps to Effective Communication Talking Paper, Bullet Background Paper & Memorandum for Record Electronic Communication Briefings

“Netiquette” – rules for electronic communications network Be clear and concise Watch your tone – do not write in ALL CAPS! Be selective about what you send (OPSEC) Be selective about who gets the message Check attachments and support material Use proper format for official email Electronic Communication For more information on Email Protocol, see T&Q Ch 12

Electronic Communication Official e-mail example: [Greeting], Effective 29 Oct 13, all Air Force Doctrine Documents (AFDDs) have been rescinded and replaced by core doctrine volumes and doctrine annexes.- Core doctrine is categorized into five volumes: Volume I, Basic Doctrine; Volume II, Leadership; Volume III, Command; Volume IV, Operations; and Volume V, Support Each core doctrine volume is supported by one or more annexes. For further information, go to https://doctrine.af.mil/.//SIGNED//WILLIAM B. MITCHELL, Colonel, USAFDirector, Doctrine DevelopmentLeMay Center for Doctrine Development and EducationVoice: DSN 493-0000 / Comm (334) 953-0000FAX: DSN 493-0001 / Comm (334) 953-0001william.mitchell.1947@us.af.mil Ex: Good morning Sir/Ma’am , SIGNATURE BLOCK Line 1: Name/Rank/Affiliation Line 2: Job Title Line 3: Location Line 4: Phone Line 5: Fax (if applicable) Line 6: Email address NOTE: Do not add slogans, quotes or other personalization to an official e-mail/social media signature block (T&Q, p. 139).

Electronic Communication Quiz __ 1. Be polite and professional; be careful about humor and sarcasm. __ 2. Often contains slang, doesn’t affect the AF (hopefully), and doesn’t need a signature block. __ 3. Causing congestion on the network by sending inappropriate e-mail messages (e.g., chain letters) or excessive storage on a server.

Electronic Communication Quiz __ 4. Don’t discuss controversial, official use only, classified, or privacy act info requiring special handling of documents. __ 5. Read and delete unnecessary files daily; sign off the computer when you leave your work station. __ 6. Get permission before using large mail groups; use “reply all” very carefully. __ 7. Use includes communications the AF determines necessary in the interest of the Federal Gov’t .

Electronic Communication Quiz __ 8. Use includes personal e-mail approved by the “agency designee.”__ 9. Using someone else’s UserID or password w/o proper authority. __ 10. Using email for financial gain or copyrighted info without consent.

Electronic Communication Quiz JUST FOR FUN 1.________ is a computer that responds to request for information from client computers. 2. Each base has a limited number of _________ which is the number of bits/sec that can be passed along a communication channel in a given period of time. 3. Writing with ALL CAPS is the e-mail version of ________rude email use.

Overview: Military Communication Skills Seven Steps to Effective Communication Talking Paper, Bullet Background Paper & Memorandum for Record Electronic Communication Briefings

Briefings: Format (sample) Title Presenter Overview MP1 MP2 MP1 Support info Support info MP2 Support info Support info Support Info can include: Graphs, Pictures, Quotes Summary MP1 MP2 PowerPoint slides are your note cards; they help your audience, too.

Transitions (writing and speaking) Help flow from one idea to next Signal direction to audience Internal transitions connect ideas “First…next…finally” External transitions connect main points, slides, or paragraphs “Now that we’ve covered (MP1), let’s move on to (MP2).” Briefings: Use of Transitions T&Q, pp 70-73

Greeting “Good morning/afternoon Ma’am/Sir” Intro self/subject “I’m…and I’m going to talk about…” Overview “State main points (MPs)—what’s to come” Briefings: Introduction Title Presenter Overview MP1 MP2

Present support info Ideas Definitions ExamplesComparisons Testimony Visuals Graphs Pictures/clip art Quotes Props Incorporate sources Briefings : The Body (MPs) MP2 Support info Sources MP1 Support info Sources Support Info can include: Graphs, Pictures, Quotes

Summary State topic and MPs Quick summary; don’t re-brief Don’t add new info Closure “This concludes my briefing.” “Are there any questions?” Briefings: Conclusion Summary MP1 MP2 Optional Closure Slide: “ Quote ” Any questions ? Remember: PowerPoint slides are your note cards; they help your audience, too .

Summary: Military Communication Skills Seven Steps to Effective Communication Talking Paper, Bullet Background Paper & Memorandum for Record Electronic Communication Briefings

“The trouble with talking too fast is you may say something you haven't thought of yet . ” ~Ann Landers