Poetry Elements (1). Songs are poems.. Poems on a printed page often have their own “music” (rhyme, rhythm, rules on number of syllables, etc.). The first time you read through a poem, read for the main idea. ID: 694312
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Poetry Elements (1)
Songs are poems.
Poems on a printed page often have their own “music” (rhyme, rhythm, rules on number of syllables, etc.)
The first time you read through a poem, read for the main idea. Reread the poem many times.Look for comparisons in the poem.Figurative language:SimileMetaphorPersonificationHyperboleSlide3
Poetry Elements (2)
Different kinds of poetry:
Narrative poetry Haiku Sonnet Free verse Pattern poetryLimerick Concrete poemsSlide4
Light Verse Poems
A poem that is playful and humorous
Often feature “word play” and puns
Lots of rhymingLots of alliterationSlide5
Light Verse Poem:
My Brother is a Quarterback
by Jack Prelutsky
My brother is a quarterback,I rarely catch a pass,and he can run a marathon,I soon run out of gas,he pitches for his baseball team,I pop up on his curve,
and he’s an ace at tennis,
I can’t return his serve.
My brother dunks the basketball,
I dribble like a mule,
he swims like a torpedo,
I flounder in the pool,
he’s accurate at archery,
I hardly ever score,
he boxes and he wrestles,I wind up on the floor.
My brother catches lots of fish,I haven’t any luck,he’s captain of his hockey team,I can’t control the puck,his bowling’s unbelievable,I bowl like a buffoon,he says someday I’ll start to win…I hope someday is soon.Slide6
Light Verse Poem
When I Grow Up
by Jack PrelutskyWhen I grow up I think that Imay pilot rockets through the sky,grow orchards full of apple trees,or find a way to cure disease.Perhaps I’ll run for president,design a robot, or invent
unique computerized machines
or miniature submarines.
When I grow up, I’d like to be
the captain of a ship at sea,
an architect, a clown or cook,
the writer of a famous book.
I just might be the one to teach
a chimpanzee the art of speech…
but what I’ll
really be, I’ll betI’ve not begun to think of yet.Slide7
A poem that tells a story
They have a plot, a setting, and characters
It is always told by a narratorStories can be serious or humorous…it doesn’t matter as long as it tells a storyCasey at the Bat was a narrative poemSlide8
The Story of Augustus Who Would Not have Any Soup?
By Henrich HoffmannAugustus was a chubby lad;Fat ruddy cheeks Augustus had:And everybody saw with joyThe plump and hearty, healthy boy.He ate and drank as he was told,And never let his soup get cold.
But one day, one cold winter’s day,
He screamed out “Take the soup away!
O take the nasty soup away!
I won’t have any soup today.”
Next day, now look, the picture shows
How lank and lean Augustus grows!
Yet, though he feels so weak and ill,
The naughty fellow cries out still
“Not any soup for me, I say:
O take the nasty soup away!I WON’T have any soup today.”Look at him, now the fourth day’s come!He scarcely weighs a sugar-plum;He’s like a little bit of thread,And, on the fifth day, he was – dead!Slide9
Japanese form of poetry
Combines form, content, and language
17 syllables in 3 lines with following pattern:First line: 5 syllablesSecond line: 7 syllablesThird line: 5 syllablesUsually has nature theme
A haiku doesn’t rhymeSlide10
The red blossom bendsand drips its dew to the ground.Like a tear it falls.
Curving up, then down.
Meeting blue sky and green earth
melding sun and rain.Slide11
What is a Sonnet?
Content: must praise something or someone
Each line is an iambic pentameter (10 syllables; 5 stressed and 5 unstressed)Rhyming pattern is abab cdcd efef ggSlide12
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? B Thou art more lovely and more temperate: A Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, B And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:
C Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
D And often is his gold complexion dimmed;
C And every fair from fair sometimes declines,
D By chance, or nature’s changing course, untrimmed;
E But thy eternal summer shall not fade,
F Nor lose possession of that fair thou
E Nor shall death brag thou
wander’st in his shade, F When in eternal lines to time thou growest;G So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, G So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.Slide13
What is a Free Verse Poem?
Does not have rules
Does not rhyme
Does not have a meterIt does have carefully chosen wordsIt can be compared to a song that doesn’t rhymeYou can decide when to break your poem into stanzas (can be 2 or more lines per stanza)Slide14
Free Verse Poem :
by Carl Sandburg
The fog comeson little cat feet.It sits lookingover harbor and cityon silent haunchesand then moves on.Slide15
Pattern Poem: Cinquain
A 5-line poem following a pattern.
Based loosely on the Japanese Haiku.
They DO NOT have rhyming words in them.The cinquain poem is all about description.Cinquains do not have titles. However, the first line serves as the subject.Slide16
What is the Structure?
A one-word line. It should be a
noun. This is your subject. (1)Line 2: Two adjectives about the subject. (2)Line 3: Three verbs that end in –ing that are about the subject. (3)
Four or five words that express your
about the subject or a phrase about the subject. (4-5)
about the subject. (1)Slide17
Growing, falling, rolling
Ripening slowly on fruit treesTreats
Rhyming, humorous, nonsensical 5-line poem
Follows a specific rhythm and pattern (
aabba)Made popular in the 1800’s by Edward LearOften begin with There once was… There was a…Slide19
There was an old man with a beard,
Who said, “It is just as I feared! –
Two owls and a hen,
Four larks and a wren,Have all build their nests in my beard.”
by Edward LearSlide20
There was a young lady from Niger,
Who smiled as she rode on a tiger;
They returned from the ride
With the lady inside,And the smile on the face of the tiger.
Also called “Shape Poems” or “Visual Poetry”
The poem requires the arrangement of words to be as important a message as the poetry in the poem itselfSlide22Slide23Slide24
Poetry Elements (3)
Pay attention to sound effects.
Rhyme (repetition of sound)
Rhythm (the beat of a poem)Alliteration (repeat initial consonant)Assonance (repeat internal vowel)Dialect (regionalism)Slide25
Summing Up: Poetry Elements
The first time you read through a poem, read for the main idea.
Look for comparisons in the poem.
Read the poem again and again.
Understand different kinds of poetry.
Pay attention to sound effects.Slide26
Read “Old Dog Dreaming” on page 103 (big book). Answer questions 1-8.
Read “Turning Twelve” on page 13 of Form A. Answer questions 21–25.
Read “Autumn Dreams” on page 18 of Form A. Answer questions 33-37.
When you finish a selection, come up to get answers checked. 100% gets a prize. You get ONE CHANCE to correct errors and still win a prize.Buckle Down Activity(Put all of your answers on a separate piece of paper)
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