The Middle East and the Surrounding Area

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What and where were the Islamic Arab . Empires and what is it like today?. Last Class!!. Learned about some things that came from the Middle East...But what exactly is the Middle East?. What did we say about the title “Islamic Arab Empire”?. ID: 417096 Download Presentation

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The Middle East and the Surrounding Area

What and where were the Islamic Arab . Empires and what is it like today?. Last Class!!. Learned about some things that came from the Middle East...But what exactly is the Middle East?. What did we say about the title “Islamic Arab Empire”?.

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The Middle East and the Surrounding Area




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Presentation on theme: "The Middle East and the Surrounding Area"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

The Middle East and the Surrounding Area

What and where were the Islamic Arab

Empires and what is it like today?

Slide2

Last Class!!

Learned about some things that came from the Middle East...But what exactly is the Middle East?What did we say about the title “Islamic Arab Empire”?

Slide3

What Is the Middle East?

Loosely defined area that

includes

Arabian

peninsula, Iran, Turkey, Egypt

Geography features desert,

oases, mountains

, rivers

Very dry in most areas, even along coast

The

Islamic Arab Empire

goes beyond this though

Slide4

The Arabian Peninsula

Slide5

The Reach of the Islamic Arab Empire

Slide6

What do you Notice About the Placement of these Countries?

They are spread West to East very far apart

They do not expand very far south into Africa

Across countries that have a long history of complex civilizations

Slide7

The Nile River

Used extensively by Egyptian civilization

6671 km long, considered the longest in the world

More than 3 times larger than BC’s largest river the Peace River

Important source of water for irrigation farming

Slide8

The Sahara Desert

Slide9

The Sahara Desert

9.4 million square km

Crosses

11 different countries

Sand

dunes that reach 180m

tall, but that type of terrain is the minority

Takes

up most of North Africa

Slide10

The Red Sea

Nearly 355 km wide by 2250km long

As wide as Vancouver Island is long

Has been important for trade between Europe and the East for since the beginnings of sea trade

Slide11

Mediterranean Sea

Large sea that separates Africa from Europe

Served as trade route between continents

Helps to create rainfall for dry areas in North Africa and Middle East

Slide12

Rub al Khali Desert

Slide13

Rub al Khali Desert

Large desert on the Arabian Peninsula

650,000 km squared

Can reach as high as 51 degrees Celsius

<1.2 inches of rain/year

Slide14

A Handful of Cities!

Slide15

Why are They Important?

Capitals of the Arab Empire over the course of its history

Places important to the formation of Islam

Cities that remain important today

Slide16

Political Boundaries 610 CE

Slide17

You Need to Know this Why...?

Without knowing the political boundaries of the time, it is hard to understand how significant the Arab Empire wasWithout knowing what other empires existed at the time, it is hard to understand who their competition was

The shape of the Arab Empire was determined by the geography of the region

The movement of people, trade, and ideas determines how empires expand

Slide18

Time to Do Some Work!

Slide19

Time to Do Some Work!

You will be sharing an Atlas with your neighbourWork together, but write down your answers on both sheets so you can each use it through the unitGo to pages 106-107 in your AtlasLatitude, longitude, and using the index

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