Southwest Asia The Middle East

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Southwest Asia The Middle East




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Presentations text content in Southwest Asia The Middle East

Slide1

Southwest Asia The Middle East

FSMS

7

th

Grade Social Studies; Unit 3

Production, Distribution & Consumption

(Voluntary

Trade/Specialization/Trade Barriers/OPEC

)

October 18

th

– 19

th

; Georgia Standard SS7E6a.b.c

Slide2

Standard

SS7E6

The student will explain how voluntary trade benefits buyers and sellers in Southwest Asia (Middle East). a. Explain how specialization encourages trade between countries.

The Middle East

Production, Distribution & Consumption

Slide3

Agenda Message

:

Social Studies CDA II is scheduled for Thursday, November 1st

. Study Guides will be distributed on Thursday, October 25

th. New Standard: Explain how voluntary trade benefits buyers & sellers in SWA.E.Q. Wednesday; 10/17/12: What does Specialization encourage?Warm Up: What type of economy does Israel, Saudi Arabia, & Turkey have?TODAY WE WILLSpecialization and Voluntary TradeTrade Barriers

FIRST FIVE

Slide4

Agenda Message

:

Social Studies CDA II will cover : Government Structure ,Governments

of SWA, Economic Systems, Trade & Trade Barriers, Economic Growth Factors.

New Standard: Explain how voluntary trade benefits buyers & sellers in SWA. Compare and contrast different types of trade barriers E.Q. Thursday; 10/18/12: What are Trade Barriers? Name three types of Trade Barriers.Warm Up: Define Specialization, Exports, & Imports

TODAY WE WILL

Complete Specialization and Voluntary TradeTrade BarriersSummary of Trade & Trade Barriers

FIRST FIVE

Slide5

Agenda Message

:

Homework Assignment is the 10-question Take Home Quick Quiz. Due Monday, October 22nd

.

New Standard: Explain how voluntary trade benefits buyers & sellers in SWA. Compare and contrast different types of trade barriers E.Q. Friday; 10/19/12: When OPEC was created in 1960, what were its objectives?Warm Up: Which type of economy does not exist in the modern world today?TODAY WE WILLComplete Specialization and Voluntary Trade

Trade Barriers

Summary of Trade & Trade BarriersFIRST FIVE

Slide6

SpecializationIf one country has something another country wants, the opportunities for trade begin to unfold.

Specialization encourages trade

among countries because no country produces everything it needs. The country selling the product makes a profit ($$), and the country buying the product gets what it needs.The Middle East

Production, Distribution & Consumption

Slide7

Specialization cont.

In SWA, if a country has oil to sell (export), there are plenty of customers to buy it. Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, & Kuwait export millions of barrels of oil every day.

The U.S. buys (imports) oil from SWA because it does not have enough oil for our country’s needs. In turn, the U.S. sells (exports) food, medicines, and raw materials to SWA countries.

The Middle East

Production, Distribution & Consumption

Slide8

Specialization cont.

Turkey, having a more diversified economy, sells (exports) coal, textiles, and some foods to primarily European countries.

Those countries then sell (export) needed transportation materials to Turkey.Israel buys (imports) rough diamonds and sells (exports) the finished product: cut and polished diamonds.

The Middle East

Production, Distribution & Consumption

Slide9

Standard

SS7E6

The student will explain how voluntary trade benefits buyers and sellers in Southwest Asia (Middle East). b. Compare and contrast different types of trade barriers such as tariffs, quotas, and embargos.The Middle East

Production, Distribution & Consumption

Slide10

Trade BarriersTrade barriers are anything that slows down or prevents one country from trading goods with another.

Some trade barriers are put in place to protect local industries from lower priced goods made in other countries.

Other times trade barriers are created due to political problems between countries. Trade is stopped entirely until the political issues are settled.The Middle East Production, Distribution & Consumption

Slide11

Trade Barriers cont.The countries in Southwest Asia, as in most parts of the world, have experienced trade barriers at one time or another.

Tariffs

A tariff is a tax placed on goods when they are brought into one country (imported) from another country. The Middle East Production, Distribution & Consumption

Slide12

Tariffs cont.The purpose of a tariff is usually to make the imported item more expensive than a similar item made locally.

This sort of tariff is called a “

protective tariff” because it protects local manufacturers from competition coming from cheaper goods made in other countries.The Middle East Production, Distribution & Consumption

Slide13

Tariffs cont.Most countries have tariffs on goods imported from other countries.

Quotas

A quota is a different way of limiting the amount of foreign goods that can come into a country.A quota “limits” the amount of a particular product that can be imported or acquired in a given period.The Middle East

Production, Distribution & Consumption

Slide14

Quotas cont.For example, Israel could decide that only 1,500 cars could be brought into the country from Japan in a given year.

That would make it more likely that people buying cars would have to buy Israeli-made cars if Japanese cars were not available.

The Middle East Production, Distribution & Consumption

Slide15

EmbargosA third type of trade barrier is called an embargo.

An embargo is when one country announces that it will no longer trade with another country in order to isolate the country and cause problems with that country’s economy.

Embargos usually come about when two countries are having political disputes. The Middle East Production, Distribution & Consumption

Slide16

Embargos cont.A good example of an embargo is the decision by the OPEC countries to stop all sales of oil and gas to the countries supporting Israel in the 1973 Arab-Israeli war.

The Middle East

Production, Distribution & Consumption

Slide17

Standard

SS7E6

The student will explain how voluntary trade benefits buyers and sellers in Southwest Asia (Middle East). c. Explain the primary function of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).The Middle East

Production, Distribution & Consumption

Slide18

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was created in 1960 by some of the countries with large oil supplies who wanted to work together to try to regulate the supply and price of the oil they exported to other countries.

The first five countries to join OPEC were Kuwait, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Venezuela.

The Middle East Production, Distribution & Consumption

Slide19

OPEC cont.These countries, along with others who have joined since 1960, continue to decide; a. how much oil they will produce,

and that determines b. the price of oil on the world market.When they produce less oil, the price on the world market goes up. When they increase production, the price on the world market goes down.The Middle East

Production, Distribution & Consumption


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