Make a list of all the interest groups you can think of and Make a list of all the interest groups you can think of and

Make a list of all the interest groups you can think of and - PowerPoint Presentation

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Make a list of all the interest groups you can think of and - PPT Presentation

C ategorize them as economic environmental equality consumerpublic interest or professionalgovernment Which types benefit nonmembers as well as members Bellringer Interest Groups Chapter 9 ID: 488800

groups interest public amp interest groups amp public group members political incentives policy influence support effective goal important www




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Make a list of all the interest groups you can think of and what they representCategorize them as: economic, environmental, equality, consumer/public interest, or professional/governmentWhich types benefit non-members, as well as members?


Interest Groups

Chapter 9 Slide3

Today we will …Objectives


Interest Groups

Explain the rise of interest groups.

Describe how interest groups influence public policy making.

Interest Groups – notes

Ch. 9 Reading Quiz

FRQ Review, if time

HW: Interest Groups assignment

Unit Test

MC Portion on Friday 11/21

FRQ portion on Tuesday 11/25Slide4

Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning


Fortune’s “Power 25”

The 10 Most Effective

Interest Groups Slide5

Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning


Some Other Important Interest Groups (That Didn’t Make the List)Slide6

An interest group is any organization that seeks to influence public opinion.

Many kinds of cleavage, many different interests

Constitution provides many “access points”

Weakness of political parties

Why do we have so many interest groups?Slide7

Broad economic development

Rise of industrialization led to increased need for unions & their interests

Government policy itself

Wars create Veterans. Collective Bargaining creates unions.

Emergence of strong leaders

Especially social movements focused on need for change & inspired by political and religious doctrine

Usually young people

Expanding role of government

More government activities = more interests that those actions will affect

1. Factors that account for the rise of interest groupsSlide8

Individuals or organizations representing other organizations

Business, Trade, Governmental Associations, Universities

Interest organizations

Less likely union - more likely religious, political, civic

Greater sense of political efficacy - civic duty

Institutional vs. Membership

Who actually lobbies?Slide10

Solidarity Incentives: happiness, status & companionship



Material Incentives:

money, things, services






goal/purpose of the organization itself, passionRecruit members sometimes using fear & anger

May be deeply controversial/off the timesAlso, patronage can help to attract membersIncentives to Join: combating the “free rider” problemSlide12

Some members of an interest group may not care about many of the issues w/which the interest group gets involved.What the interest group does may reflect what the interest group staff wants rather than what the members it represents believe.

Staff influences the group’s policy agenda if solidarity or material benefits are more important to members than purposive goals.

Staff InfluenceSlide14

Check for understandingHow do institutional and membership interest groups differ?What are three incentives for joining an interest group?Slide15

3. Consumer & Public Interest Lobby

Group pursuing “common” policy interests

Benefits non-members

Purposive incentive to join

Single issue focused groups

Tend to be liberal?



and Lobbying

Litigations to advance the cause

Ralph NaderSlide16

4. Interest Groups & Social Movements

Environmental movement

Wilderness & wildlife conservation

Feminist movement

Suffrage – League of Women Voters

Equal Rights – NOW, NARAL


Union movement


What area is fastest growing now?Slide17


6. Activities of Interest GroupsInformationPublic Support


Money & PACs

The “Revolving Door”

Civil Disobedience


Most important tacticDetailed, CURRENT- can build or destroy legislator/lobbyist relationshipMost effective on narrow and/or technical issues


olitical cues & rating systems



Supplying groups with credible informationSlide20

“Friend of the Court”: Document filed by someone/ a group not directly related to the case to volunteer information that they deem to be worthy in deciding the case.APA

Amicus Curiae BriefSlide21

Outsider strategyGrassroots lobbyingWho is the key target?

Dirty Dozen

Public Support/ PressureSlide22

Promise of future job to officialsConflict of interest

The Revolving DoorSlide23

Disrupt the institution and force negotiationsEnlist the support of others, who will also press for negotiationsCreate martyrs to draw public concern and support

K Street protests: Occupy, Take Back The Capitol set to protest lobbyists | WJLA.com


What are the 5 activities IG’s use to influence policy making?

Which do you think is most effective?

Which is least effective?

Check for UnderstandingSlide25

Chapter 9 Reading QuizSlide26


What is the fundamental goal of interest groups in the political process?

What is the fundamental goal of political parties?

How do interest groups support the goal of parties?Slide27




Contacting (Formally or Informally)


Alerting to Impacts

Mobilizing Constituents





ExecutiveContactingInfluencing AppointmentsDrafting Rules/Regulations/GuidelinesServing on BoardsJudicialLitigation

Amicus curiae briefsGrassroots