7.4 Anaerobic Respiration

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p.221-228. Why Anaerobic Cellular Respiration?. As the name suggests “an” = without, and “aerobic” = air. Anaerobic respiration is the cell’s way . of acquiring . energy when there are low oxygen levels. ID: 621483 Download Presentation

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7.4 Anaerobic Respiration

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7.4 Anaerobic Respiration



Why Anaerobic Cellular Respiration?

As the name suggests “an” = without, and “aerobic” = air. Anaerobic respiration is the cell’s way of acquiring energy when there are low oxygen levels


But really… why?

In aerobic organisms, NADH is converted to NAD+ by the electron transport chain, and that requires oxygen!Some bacteria, and to a certain extent ourselves, aren’t able to do this. In such cases, NAD+ is recycled by a process called FERMENTATION.


Setting the Stage…

All fermentation occurs in two stages, each within the


of the cell.

Stage 1:


the exact same 10-step process as used in aerobic respiration.

Stage 2:


- recycles the products of


in two different pathways where either

carbon dioxide and ethanol


lactic acid

(LACTIC ACID FERMENTATION) are the waste products


Option 1: Alcohol FermentationC6H12O6 + 2ADP + 2Pi  2 Ethanol (C2H5OH) + 2CO2 + 2 ATP

NADH molecules pass H+ atoms to acetaldehydeAcetaldehyde is formed by removing a CO2 molecule from PYRUVATE.The end product… ETHANOL! (the alcohol used in gasoline and beverages)2 ATP are also produced which provide energy to the organism.


Applications of Alcohol Fermentation

Raw Material

Flour/yeast Soya bean Cocoa bean Cabbage  Grapes and barley 


breadSoy sauceChocolateSauerkrautWine and beer


Feel the burn: Lactic Acid Fermentation

Most of the time humans rely on aerobic respiration and glycolysis for our ATP production, but occasionally during strenuous exercise, muscles demand more ATP than can be producedLactic Acid Fermentation supplements the body with additional ATP in these situations. PAINFUL!!


Option 2: Lactic Acid FermentaionC6H12O6 + 2 ADP + 2Pi  2 Lactic Acid (C3H6O3) + 2 ATP

NADH molecules pass their H+ to Pyruvate, which Changes Pyruvate into LACTIC ACID Lactic acid build up causes stiffness, soreness and fatigueReleased into the bloodstream, it is processed in the liver back into pyruvate.Pyruvate will eventually go through the remaining stages of aerobic respiration, once the exertion stops.The extra O2 required to do this is what makes you breathe hard, even after you have stopped the strenuous exercise!

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