Gothic literature

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Gothic literature

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1Séquence 4 … AN06 Gothic literature «The oldest and strongest emotion of mankind is fear, and the oldest and strongest kind of fear is fear of the unknown.» H. P. LovecraftTake an old castle, half of it ruinous. A long gallery, with a great many doors, Some secret ones. Three murdered bodies, quite fresh. As many skeletons, in chests and pressesAn old woman hanging by the neck, With her throat cut. Assassins and desperadoes, quant. suff.Noises, whispers, and groans, threescore at least. Mix them together, in the form of three volumes, To be taken at any of the watering-places before going to bed.Anonymous, 17971: a big box with a lock; 2: in sufficient quantity; 3: three times; 4: a place where there is water to drink.Ferdinand Jodi, Château de Hohenschwangau1936. © BPK, Berlin, Dist.RMN/image BStGS. 4.Practise ƒ expressing supposition! © Cned - AcadŽmie en ligne The Castle of Otranto (Text A)ous découvrirez la littérature gothique en explorant un extrait du pre-mier roman gothique écrit en 1764 par Horace Walpole. Vous écouterez dabord lextrait pour vous imprégner de lhistoire, puis, vous analyserez le texte en tentant de déduire ce qui caractérise le genre gothique.Vous vous rendrez compte que les sensations du personnage principal sont mises en scène et que le lieu et latmosphère y contribuent pleinement.Focus onVous explorerez comment lauteur suscite la sensation de peur chez . Vous verrez que le talent de lauteur réside dans le choix (conscient ou inconscient) de ses mots et de la structure de ses phrases. Par ailleurs, le temps dune activité, vous vous mettrez dans la peau dun auteur gothique et vous tenterez de faire dresser les poils de vos lecteurs en exploitant leurs peurs, grâce à votre style et votre imagination. 3. « The Pit and the Pendulum » (Text B)i la littérature gothique est apparue en Grande Bretagne, elle a su sexporter aux États-Unis grâce à des auteurs tels quEdgar Allan Poe ou encore Nathaniel Hawthorne, ouvrant ainsi léventail du genre à dautres Vous analyserez un extrait de The Pit and the Pendulum,Ž une nou-velle écrite par Poe. En mettant en lumière les caractéristiques du genre gothique, vous verrez comment la sensation de peur du lecteur peut subitement passer de la terreur à lhorreur.actise ƒ expressing supposition!Vous découvrirez quelques expressios qui vous seront utiles dans les cas où vous nêtes pas entièrement sûr(e) de ce que vous avancez. Ces expressions pourront vous servir soit lors danalyses de texte ou encore lors de linteraction orale avec votre examinateur.5. Reaching autonomy (Text C)ous utiliserez les connaissances que vous aurez acquises au fil de la séquence en analysant en autonomie un autre extrait de la littérature gothique.Vous tenterez de faire ressortir de cet extrait les caractéristiques du genre et de comprendre ce que lauteur a voulu faire passer comme émotions au lecteur. Contents 3Séquence 4 … AN06 Read below to learn about the birth of the gothic novel.Now, get prepared for reading gothic novels by recognizing pieces of chitecture you may come across. Associate each of the following pictures to a word from the list underneath. 1: ƒ2: ƒ3: ƒ4: ƒ5: ƒ Actually, the word was “ cloister:overed gallery which is open on one side and runs along vault:e of masonry that holds a ceiling or the room in which there is a vaulted ceilingarch:e of masonry which shapes the outline of a window or a staircase:structure made of steps which aim is to connect separate e. castle: a large building where kings used to liveListen and repeat these words to make sure you can recognize them you hear them:gothic … architecture … literature … castle … cathedral … cloister … vault … hurch … archYou shall listen to the recording of Text been divided into 3 parts. It is an extract from Castle of Otranto which is considered as the firstgothic Horace Walpole (see picture)Before you listen to the extracts, read about what happened pre-Isabella was supposed to marry Conrad at the Castle of Otranto. But on the wedding day, Conrad died. Prince Manfred - Conrads father - grew frighte-ned for his line, for Conrad was his only son. He then decided that Isabella would marry him instead. Horrified, Isabella decided to run awayƒListen to Part 1. Then, answer the questions below to check your nderstanding of the story. Where does the scene take place?b. At what moment of the day is the scene set? Why?Who is the main character?Where does she intend to go? Why? How will she get there?According to her, whose footsteps could she hear?Listen to Part 2 and answer the following questions.Why couldnt it be b. What happened when she decided to continue? Enr.11 © National Portrait Gallery, London,UK/Bridgeman-Giraudon. CD 2 Enr.12CD 2 Enr.13 According to her, who must the person be? Was that good news?What happened when she went to the door?Now, listen to what happens next in Part 3 to answer the questions b. Who did she caWhat did she eventually do?What did she see against the wall?How did she react?Write a short summary of the story. You can use the usual Wh-words you.Now, you shall analyse this extract as a piece of gothic literature by following the instructions below.Read the text and underline all parts ofbox all what efers to Isabellas character and emotions. Then, check your answers before moving on to the next questions.[Isabella] recollected a subterraneous passage which led from the vaults* of astle to the church of St. Nicholas. Could she reach the altar*eds violence would not dare to profane the sacredness of the place; and she determined, if no other means of deliverance g the holy virgins whose convent was contiguous to the cathedral. In this resolution, she seized a lamp that burned at the foot of the staircase, and hurried towards the secret passage. The lower part of the casthollowed* into several intricate*cloisters*the cavern. An awful silence reigned throughout those subterraneous regions, except now and then that shook the doorand which, grating on the rusty hinges*, were re-echoed through that long laby- darkness. Every murmur struck her with new terror; yet more she dreaded to hear thewrathful* voice of Manfred urging hs domestics to pursue her.She trod as softly as impatience would give her leave, yet frequently stopped and heard a sigh. She shuddered, and recoiled a few paces. In a moment she thought she heard the step of some person. Her bconcluded Manfred. Every suggestion that horror could inspire rushed into her mind. She condemned her rash* flight, which had thus exposed her to his rage in a place e. Yet the sound Enr.14 seemed not to come from behind. If as, he ed her. She in one of the cloisters, and the steps she had heard were too distinct to pro-ceed from the way she had come. Cheered with this reflection, and not the Prince, she advance, when a door that stoodajar*opened gently: but ere* her lamp, h she held up, could discover who eated precipita-tely on seeing the light.Isabella, whom every incidentsmay, hesitated whether she should proceed. Her dread of Manfred soon outweighed every other terror. The very circumstance of the person avoiding her gave her a sort of courage. It could only be, she thought, some domestic belonging to the castle. Her gentleness had never raised her an enemy, and conscious innocence made her hope that, unless sent by the Princes order to seek her, his servants would vent her flight. Fortifying herself with these reflections, and believing by what she could observe thatubterraneous cavern, she approached the door that had been opened; but a sudden gust of wind that met her at the door extinguished her lamp, and left her in total darkness.Words cannot paint the horror of the Princesss situation. Alone in so dismal a place, her mind imprinted with all the terrible events of the day, hopeless of esca-ping, expecting every moment the arrival of Manfred, and far from tranquil on ithin reach of somebody, she knew not whom, who for some cause seemed concealed therea-bouts; all these thoughts crowded on her distracted mind, was ready to sink uaddressed herself to every saint in heaven, and inwardly implored their e. For a consremained in an agony of despair.At last, as softly as was possible, she felt for the door, and having found it, entered trembling into the vault from whence she had heard the sigh and steps. It gave her a kind of momentary joy to perceive an imperfect ray of clouded moonshine gleam from the roof of the vault, which seemed to be fallen in, and from whence hung a fragment of earth or building, she could not distinguish which, that appeared to have been crushed inwards. She advanced eagerly towards this chasm*, when she discerned a human form standing ainst the wall. She shrieked.The Castle of Otranto, by Horace Walpole (1764)* vaults = a room with vaults; altarto hollow = to make holes; intricatecloistershinges= charnières; wrath = rage; rash = impulsive; ajar= slightly ere chasm Sylvain Sonnet. © HEMIS.FR/AFP. © akg-images/Tarek Camoisson Focus on the elements you have underlined, and answer the ques-s below:What is the setting like? Think of a few adjectives to describe the set-Classify the elements ynoiseluminosityWhat do they add to the atmosphere? Choose among the list below and explain your choice. mystery … cheerfulness … tension … relaxation … melancholy Think of a few adjectives to describe the atmosphere. What can you say about the following sentence, as far as technique but a sudden gust of wind that met her the door extinguished her Write a few lines to describe the setting and the atmosphere it creates.Now, focus on the elements you have boxed so as to answer these s about Isabella: What kind of person is Isabella? Think of a few adjectives to describe her. In what state of mind is she most of the time? What are the sources of her fear? Among the elements you boxed, pick out the words or phrases used to express her fear. Which ones show that she is about to crack up? What events put her in such a state? Write a few lines to sum up the main characters personality and emo-tions.Now, lets concentrate on the readers feeling. In literature, the readers nal response to a narrative is called From what point of view is the story told? Does it add something to the readers sensa-tion? Explain. strong or extreme emo- as well as the character. It is Look at these events from the text. What effect do they have on the reader? Why?In a moment she thought she heard the step of door that stood ajar, at some distance to the left, was opened the person retreated precipitately on seeing the light.Žerned standing close against the wall. She ed.ŽNow, concentrate on the words that have been underlined in the sentences above. How do they focus the readers attention on the unknownŽ?What defines gothic literature? Use what you have learnt from the your gknowledge to say sentences are true or false. Gothic literature appeared in the late 18 century with authors such as Walpole, Radcliff, or M. G. Lewis. Gothic literature came as a reaction to the realist and rational novels The damsel in distressŽ and the powerful male villain are archetype haracters in the gothic novel. The character goes through emotions which can be pushed to such an at s/he may faint or go mad. The story is set in a dark place, usually a castle, but could well be an ansion. The scene usually takes place in the dark, with hardly any light except andle, a lamp or moonlight. There can be supernatural elements in the story, such as ghosts, agic, vampires etc. The atmosphere must be myat The character is likely to come across secret passageways, trap doors The setting and the action create tension and suspense.Now you have learnt about the defining features of the gothic novel, e a short text about what a piece oferature consis Start filling in your chart relating to gothic literature (Appendix 1, with what you have learnt from studying Text A.Present Text A literature. You k for 3 minutes maximum. 10Séquence 4 … AN06 Words convey feelings. It is actually the idea attached to the word (conno-tation) that gives us that feeling.Which of the following words haveitive or a negative connota-tion? Draw two lists.ath … well-kept … cold Imagine that each of the following lists of words have been used to ake a story. Which story is likely to be most frightening? Why?candle, perfume, roses, romantic, to kiss, warmb. candle, castle, cold, to tremble, damp, old, darkpalm trees, beach, blue sky, hot, to sing, to laughWhat in a word as simple as castleŽ can amount fear in the reader? It is the ideas attached to it (mystery, secret passages, dark corridors, etc.) which create fear. reader of gothic literaturethis is to say, . Its the readers Mood is created not only by the story itself, but also by the way it is told (the writers style). In a gothic novel, the words or expres-the characters emotions add a lot to the fearful mood. The sentences below are a story frightening. Think about the sources of fear (frightening ideas) which are implicitly atta-ched to the underlined words (connotations). Then, the following headings: mystery, decay, danger. were ing in the dis-e and the full appeared from b. She ventured in an abandonedar the graveyard.Crows flew up from the cathedral as the ld clock struck midnightOn the wall, there was a painting of a strange look. It was cove-ed with dustDraw a conclusion about the choice of words in a frightening story:What kinds of words is the writer likely to choose in order to give a ood thrill to the reader?Now, enhance your vocabulary in the expression of ones fear.a. First, observe the table below and choose a heading for each column among the following:to show ones fearŽ … to tell ones fearŽ ƒƒƒƒƒƒƒƒƒƒƒƒƒƒƒƒƒƒƒƒ As you can see, some words are mthe following words back into the table:to tremble … to grow aghast … to be struck with horror … to jump … to be d … to shiver … to be scared … to be terrified … to gasp Which er effect on the reto tell characters fear? Why?Recap what you learnt in this section about how to make the reader frightened. To do so, read the insert and fill in the blanks.Now, its your turn to write your own gothic scene! The situation described below is a recurring scene in gothic literature. Write your own version of this scene and make it terrifying!The character goes to bed and turns out the light, s/he is suddenly woken up by some noise. The noise can be someone (or something) trying to open the door, or tapping at the window, etc. Fear gra-ly rises in the character until it comes to an eme when s/he eventually discovers what the Write your text (minimum 100 words) using the words below:dark … candle … shadow … moon or moonlight … midnight forget that you must give your readers the thrill they are looking for! Literary techniques: Creating moodTo have a better effect on the reader, the writer is likely the characters show - mystery 13Séquence 4 … AN06 Text B is an extract from The Pit and the Pendulum,Ž a short story writ-ten by Poe in 1842. First of all, read these texts about the author and h reveal his style.Edgar Allan Poe was a poet, short story writer, editor, and critic. Credited by many scholars as the inventor of the detective genre in fiction, he was a master at using elements of mystery, psychological terror, and the macabre in his writing.www.EncyclopediaVEdgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) was a master of the Gothic tradition, in poetry and prose. [In his work, readers] encounter a range of Poe settings and characters: nightmare landscapes, claustrophobic interiors, bereaved lovers, madmen, vic-tims or imagined victims pursuing their revenge.American Gothic, an Anthology 1787-1916Before you listen to the extract, get prepared to understand some of the words you will hear.Listen to the recording to complete the definitions below. s a part of a ƒs a big ƒ reated ƒe is the ƒTo ondemn is to ƒ eans ƒs a ƒ akes place to determine ƒs another word for ƒs a person who ƒTreacherouss used to describe ƒTorture s the act of ƒ Did you know?The Inquisition was set up by the ght against heresy. The Inquisitors carried investigations on people who didnt tortured … if they didnt repent. CD 2 Enr.15© AIP/Album/akg-images 14Séquence 4 … AN06 Now, train to pronounce the following words:Edgar Poe … psychological terror … dungeon … pit … inquisition … sen-e … condemn … perish … auto-da-fe … trial … fate … judge … treache-rous … tortureAre you ready to step into Poes frightening world? Be prepared, for it will not leave you unchanged! You have been warnedƒ Listen to The Pit and the Pendulum - Part 1Ž once, and then answer the following questions:Where does the scene take place?b. the main charactIn which posWhat should have happened to the character the night before?How did he feel when he opened his eyes? Why?What happens to the narrator at the end of this extract? Now listen to Part 2, and put the following actions in chronological order:He decided to cross the room. __b. He felt a wall. __He firmly stepped forwards in a direct line. __He fell down and hit his face. __He felt around him with his arms stretched. __f. He moved cautiously forwards, both arms extended. __He tripped on his clothes. __He woke up and stood up. 1_He moved on, following the wall line. __ Listen to discover what happens to the character in Part 3 and answer the questions below:scover when b. realize thatground? the bottom of it? Why?was carrying his test?f. What would have happened if he had kept on walking?Why had he been kept there after all? Enr.16CD 2 Enr.17CD 2 Enr.18CD 2 Enr.19 Write a brief summary of the whole story (about 100 words).Now, lets look at Poes craft in terms of inspiring terror and horror in the reader. b. From whose point of view is the story b. What does this narrative mode add to the y?What do we really know about the narra-Why does the reader stl feel empathy with him? Terror and horrorTerrorŽ and hor-the notion of fear, but they have slightly different TerrorŽ is a feeling of dread before an event actually hap-pens, whereas horrorŽ is the feeling of revulsion or disgust after an event has actually happened.For example, when you cant see something threatening, youarefrightened. When you actually see something threatening, you are horrified at the sight of it. Now, look at the text and find evidence so as to answer these next questions.ated like?b. Why does the narrators situation inspire terror (as far as the setting is concerned)?How does Poe explore the fear of the unknown in this extract? List all elements which are unknown to the narrator given his situation. So far, I had not opened my eyes. I felt that I lay upon my back, unbound. I reached out my hand, and it fell heavily upon something damp and hard. There I suffered it to remain for many minutes, while I strove to imagine where and what I could be. I longed, yet darglance at objectsI feared to look upon things horrible, but that I grew aghast lest* there should be nothing to see. At length, with a wild desperation at heart, I quickly unclosed my eyes. My worst thoughts, then, were confirmed. The blackness of eternal night encompassed me. I struggled for breath. The intensity of the darkness seemed to oppress and stifle* me. The atmosphere y quietly, and made effort reason. I brought to mind the inquisitorial proceedings, and attempted from that to deduce my real condition. The sentence had passed; and it appeared to me that a very long interval of time had since elapsed. Yet not for a moment did I suppose myself actually dead. Such a supposition, notwithstanding what we read ether incoence;„but where state was I? The condemned to death, I knew, perished usually at the autos-da-fe these had been held on the very night of the day of my trial. Had I been remanded to my dungeon, to await the next sacrifice, which would not take place for many months? This I at once saw could not be. Victims had been in immediate demand. Moreover, my dungeon, as well as all the condemned cells at Toledo, altogether excluded. A fearful idea now suddenly drove the blood in torrents upon my heart, and for a brief period, I once more relapsed into insensibility. Upon recovering, I at once started to my feet, trembling convulsively in every fibre. I thrust my arms wildly above and around me in all directions. I felt nothing; yet dreaded to move a step, lest* I should be impeded* by the walls of a tomb. Perspiration burst from every pore, and stood in cold big beads upon my forehead. The agony of suspense grew at length intolerable, and I cautiously moved forward, with my arms extended, and my eyes straining from their sockets, in the hope of catching some faint ray of light. I proceeded for many paces; buvacancy*. I breathed more freely. It seemed evidentthe most hideous of fates. And now, as I still continued to step cautiously onward, there came thronging upon my recollection a thousand vague rumors of the horrors of ToledoOf the ngeons there had been strange things narrated„fables I had always deemed them„but yet strange, and too ghastly to repeat, save in a whisper. Was I left to perish of starvation in this subterranean world of darkness; or what fate, perhaps even more fearful, awaited me? That the result would be death, and a death of more than customary bitterness, I knew too well the character of my judges to The mode and the hour were all that occupied or distracted me. ands at length encounterwall, seemingly of stone masonry„very smooth, slimy, and cold. I followed it up; stepping with all the careful distrust with which certain antique narratives had inspired me. [ƒ] Quitting the wall, I resolved to cross the area of the enclosure. At first I proceeded with extreme caution, for the floor, although seemingly of solid Edgar Allan Poe ith slime. At length, however, I took cnot hesitate to step firmly; endeavoring to cross in as direct a line as possible. I had advanced some ten or twelve paces in this manner, when the remnant of the torn hem of my robe became entangled between my legs. I stepped on it, and fell violently on my face. In the confusion attending my fall, I did not immediately apprehend a somewhat startling circumstance, which yet, in a few seconds afterward, and while I still lay prison, but my lips and the upper portion of my head, although seemingly at a less elevation than the chin, touched nothing. At the same time my forehead seemed bathed in a clammy* vapor, and the peculiar smell of decayed fungus arose to my nostrils. I put forward my arm, and shuddered to find that I had fallen at the very brink* of a circular pit, whose extent, of course, I had no means of ascertaining at the moment. Groping about the masonry just below the margin, I succeeded in agment, and let it fany seconds kened to its reverberations as it dashed against the sides of the chasm in its des-cent; at length plunge into water, succeeded by loud echoes. At the same moment there came a sound resembling the quick opening, and as rapid closing of a door overhead, while a faint gleam of light flashed suddenly through the gloom, and as suddenly faded away.I saw clearly the doom* which had been prepared for me, and congratulated myself upon the timely accident by which I had escaped. Another step before my fall, and the world had seen me no more. y character which I had regarded as fabulous and frivolous in the tales respec-ting the Inquisition. To the victims of its tyranny,hoice of death with its direst* physical agonies, or death with its most hideous moral been reserved for the latter. By long suffering my nerves had been unstrung, until I trembled at the sound of my own voice, and had become in every respect a fitting subject for the species of torture which awaited me. The Pit and the PendulumŽ, by Edgar Allan Poe (1842)lest: for fear that; to stifle: to suffocate; impeded: stopped; vacancyclammy: edge; : tragic fate; dire: drea- Now, carefully read the underlined passages in the text. Then, answer the following questions.Who are these passages about? b. What do we learn about in these passages? What were they like? Why? What does this knowledge add to the narrators state of mind? Why? Recapitulate all what creates moods of terror and horror in the text. Finally, look at the text as a piece of gothic fiction. Which of these gothic features appear in The Pit and the PendulumŽ?There is a damsel in distressŽ and a powerful male villain.b. The story is set in a castle, an old mansion or a cathedral.The scene takes place in the dark.There are supernatural elements, such as ghosts, giants, magic, vam-pires etc.The atmosphere is mysterious, threatening, and frightening.f. There are secret elements in the setting.The setting and the action create tension and suspense.The scene focuses on the fearful emotions amounting in the character.The mood created is that of terror or horror. All these statements below define Poes work. Which ones are true for The Pit and the PendulumŽ?Poe explores the dark side of human nature.b. Poe explores the human mind by setting his characters in extreme situations.It is important for Poe to focus on the characters psychological terror.Poe explores the macabre.Poes stories are like nightmares: they are so horrible that they cant f. The characters in Poes stories are confronted with the supernatural.Fill in your chart (Appendix 1, Book 1) with what you have learnt from udying Text B.Present Text B as othic literature. You shall speak 3 minutes. You have discovered the pit, but you dont know about the and want to read more, visit www.gutenberg.orgy. 19Séquence 4 … AN06 Practise ƒ expressing During your examination, the examiner may ask you a few questions. In case you are not a hundred percent sure of your answer, you can try a tentative answer by using structures which express supposition.A supposition is a message expressing your opinion based on incomplete evi-dence.Žwww.thefreedictionary.comThe following prompts all express suppositionŽ. Match on the left with their French equivalents on the right. Listen and repeat the promp pronounce them way.Now, practise using the prompts from Activity 19. Read the situation below and then write 5 suggestions using a dif-ferent prompt each time. CD 2 Enr.20 20Séquence 4 … AN06Your situation:You have been asked to choose a book to read, so you decide with a Now, train to say them in a natuand record yThen, listen to your answers and start again if you aren't satisfied. 21Séquence 4 … AN06 Now, time has come for you to a piece of gothic literature on your own. However, the next activities will help you in understanding as well as close-reading Text C.Read the text carefully. Then check your understanding in25 June.eye the morning can be. have been molested or threatened, or in some way in danger or in fear. I have not yet seen the Count in the daylight. Can it be that he sleeps when others wake, that he may be awake whilst they sleep? If I could only get into his room! But there is no possible way. The door is always locked, no way for me. Yes, there is a way, if one dares to take it. another body go? I have seen him myself crawl from his window. Why should not I imitate him, and go in by his window? The chances are desperate, but my need is more desperate still. I shall risk it. At the worst it can only be death. God help me in my task! Goodbye, Mina, if I fail. Goodbye, my faithful friend and second father. Goodbye, all, and last of all Mina! Same day, later. ide, and at once got outside on this side. The stones are big and roughly cut, and the mortar has, by process of time, been washed away between them. I took off my boots, and ventured out on the desperate way. I looked down once, so as to make sure that a sudden glimpse of the awful depth would not overcome me, but after that kept my eyes away from it. I know pretty well the direction and distance of the Counts window, and made for it as well as I could, eel dizzy, I sutoo excited, and the time seemed ridiculously short till I found myself standing ll and trying to raise up the sash. however, when I bent down and slid feet foremost in through the window. Then I looked around for the Count, but with surprise and gladness, made a discovery. odd things, which seemed to have never been used. The fsomething the same stylwas covered with dust. I looked for the key, but it lock, and I could not find it anywhere.At one corner of the ra heavy door. I tried it, for, since I could not “ nd the key of the room or the key of the outer door, which search, I must make fuall my efforts would be in vopen, and led through a stone passage to a circular stairway, which went steeply I descended, minding carefully where I went, for the stairs were dark, being only lit by loopholes in the heavy masonry. At the bottom like passage, through which came a deathly, sickly odour, the odour of old earth newly turned. As I went through the passage the smell grew closer and heavier. At last I pulled open a heavy door which stood ajar, and found myself in an old ruined chapel, which had evidently been used as a graveyard. The roof en, and in two places were steps leading to vaults, but the ground had recently been dug over, and the earth placed in great wooden boxes.a search over every inch of the ground, so as not to lose a chance. I went down even into the vaults, where the dim light struggled, although dread to my very soul. Into two of these I went, but saw nothing except fragments of old cof“ ns and piles of dust. In the third, however, I made a discovery.There, in one of the great boxes, of which there were “ fty in all, on a pile of newly dug earth, lay the Coueither dead or asleep. I could not say which, for eyes were open and stony, and the cheeks had the warmth of life their pallor. The lips were as red as ever. Bumovement, no pulse, no breath, no beating of the heart. I bent over him, and tried to find any sign of life, but in vain. He could not have lain there long, for the earthy smell would have passed away in a few hours. By the side of the box was its cover, pierced with holes he might have the keys on him, but when I went to search I saw the dead eyes, and in them dead though they were, such a look of hate, though unconscious of me or my presence, that I fled from the place, and leaving the Counts room by the window, crawled again up the castle wall. Regaining my room, I threw myself Dracula, by Bram Stoker (1897) To check your understanding, find evidence in the text to answer the following questions.Why did he want to get into the Counts room?b. How did he get into the Counts room? Why?Was the Count in his room?looking for once in the Counts room? Jonathan Barry, The Undead, 2008.© Bridgeman-Giraudon. Where did the heavy door eventually lead to?f. did he see there? Who Was he dead or alive? Why?Why did the narrator want to search the Count?Did the narrator search for them after all? Why?How did the narrator get out? Where did he go afterwards?Now, write a brief summary of this passage by selecting main infor-mation.Now, analyse and interpret this piece of gothic literature so as to reveal its contents and style. To do so, follow the next indications:Observe the narrative mode and the main character.What can you say about the narrator an point of view? What does this add to the story? Think of a few adjectives to describe the main character and his state of mind along the passage.Observe the setting.Go through the text, identify gothicŽ elemen and describe the setting. What is the atmosphere like? Why? Look at the action.When is tension created in this extract? When is tension relieved? When tension come to a peak?Analyse mood. How is it created? Does the reader all along the passage? How do his feelings grow?Recapitulate all the featues of gothic literature you cextract, and fill in your chart (Appendix 1, Book 1) with information on Text C.Present Text C as e of gothic literature. You shall speak 3 minutes. Dont forget you can use the prompts from Section 4. © Cned - AcadŽmie en ligne

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