SWBAT: Analyze the Dred Scott v.

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SWBAT: Analyze the Dred Scott v.

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SWBAT: Analyze the Dred Scott v. Sandford Case & determine why it is considered a landmark Supreme court Case

Dred Scott v.



Do Now

How did the Kansas-Nebraska Act affect the Missouri Compromise (Compromise of 1820)?

Was Illinois a free or slave state?

Was Missouri a free or slave state?


Roger B. Taney

1836: Chief Justice John Marshall died

Jackson replaced him with Roger B. Taney (The Taney Court)

Born into Maryland tobacco family that owned many slaves

Served as U.S. Attorney General and Secretary of the TreasuryDemocrat


Dred Scott

Born as

a slave in Virginia in



old to his owner, a Missouri plantation owner


his owner’s death

in 1832, Scott was transferred to the ownership of Dr. John Emerson, an army surgeonEmerson brought Scott back with him to the free State of Illinois


Questions before the Court:Could a black person be a citizen and therefore sue in federal court?

Did residence in a free state make Scott free?

Did Congress possess the power to prohibit slavery in a territory?

Dred Scott




Dred Scott v. Sandford

Landmark Supreme Court decision

Question: The Right to Freedom of Enslaved Persons

Read “Supreme Court Case Study: Dred Scott v.


” TWICEAnswer the “Case Analysis Questions” as a groupResponses go on your notesheet



As a class, review case analysis questions


Dred Scott v. Sandford

“The African race in the united states even when free, are everywhere a degraded class, and exercise no political influence. The privileges they are allowed to enjoy, are accorded to them as a matter of kindness and benevolence rather than right…They are not looked upon as citizens by the contracting parties who formed the Constitution. They were evidently not supposed to be included by the term citizens.”

~Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Roger B. Taney

The Decision:

7-2, Scott had no right to sue for his


This should have ended here, but





Taney’s Opinion of the CourtCongress possessed no power under the Constitution to bar slavery from a territoryThe Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional

Any prohibition of slave expansion into a territory was unconstitutional

In essence, popular sovereignty was undermined since the Kansas-Nebraska Act was an act of Congress

Dred Scott




Wrap Up

OLD multiple choice practice:

Which of the following was NOT a result or consequence of the Dred Scott decision of 1857?

Free states in the North saw the need to speak politically with one voice

Congress has no right to restrict slavery in the territories

The Fugitive Slave Act

was repealed

The Democratic party became divided along sectional lines


Crash Course

The Road to Disunion and the Election of 1860

(14 minutes)

White watching the video clip:


rite down 3 new pieces of information you learn.Write down 2 pieces of information you already knew.Ask a question.

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