Eating Disorder - PowerPoint Presentation

Eating Disorder
Eating Disorder

Eating Disorder - Description


By Joey Niccum Chandler Holliman Ruben Hughes and Kyle Grundon Causes Causes can come from 4 different factors Psychological Interpersonal Social Biological Eating disorders are complex conditions that can arise from a variety of potential causes Once started however they can create ID: 510658 Download Presentation

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Slide1

Eating Disorder

By: Joey Niccum, Chandler Holliman, Ruben Hughes, and Kyle GrundonSlide2

Causes

Causes can come from 4 different factors

Psychological

Interpersonal

Social

Biological

Eating disorders are complex conditions that can arise from a variety of potential causes. Once started, however, they can create a self-perpetuating cycle of physical and emotional destruction. Professional help is recommended in the treatment of eating disorders. Slide3

Causes - Psychological

Factors in this category include:

Low self-esteem

Feelings of inadequacy or lack of control in life

Depression, anxiety, anger, or lonelinessSlide4

Causes - Interpersonal

Factors include

Troubled family and personal relationships

Difficulty expressing emotions and feelings

History of being teased or ridiculed based of size or weight

History of physical or sexual abuseSlide5

Causes - Social

Factors include:

Cultural pressures that glorify “thinness” and place value on obtaining the “perfect body”

Narrow definitions of beauty that include only women and men of specific body weights and shapes

Cultural norms that value people on the basis of physical appearance and not inner qualities and strengthsSlide6

Statistics

Prevalence

It is estimated that 8 million Americans have an eating disorder – seven million women and one million men

One in 200 American women suffers from anorexia

Two to three in 100 American women suffers from bulimia

Nearly half of all Americans personally know someone with an eating disorder (Note: One in five Americans suffers from mental illnesses.)

An estimated 10 – 15% of people with anorexia or bulimia are

males.Slide7

Statistics

Mortality Rates

Eating disorders have the highest mortality rate of any mental illness

A study by the National Association of Anorexia Nervosa

and

Associated Disorders reported that 5 – 10% of anorexics die within 10 years after contracting the disease; 18-20% of anorexics will be dead after 20 years and only 30 – 40% ever fully recover

The mortality rate associated with anorexia nervosa is 12 times higher than the death rate of ALL causes of death for females 15 – 24 years old.

20% of people suffering from anorexia will prematurely die from complications related to their eating disorder, including suicide and heart problemsSlide8

Statistics

Adolescents

Anorexia is the 3rd most common chronic illness among adolescents

95% of those who have eating disorders are between the ages of 12 and 25

50% of girls between the ages of 11 and 13 see themselves as overweight

80% of 13-year-olds have attempted to lose weightSlide9

Types of Eating Disorders

Anorexia Nervosa

Bulimia Nervosa

Binge Eating DisorderSlide10

Symptoms- Anorexia Nervosa

Extreme thinness (emaciation)

A relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight

Intense fear of gaining weight

Distorted body image, a self-esteem that is heavily influenced by perceptions of body weight and shape, or a denial of the seriousness of low body weight

Lack of menstruation among girls and women

Extremely restricted eating.Slide11

How to Recognize- Anorexia Nervosa

Person usually sees themselves as

overweight

when they are clearly underweight.

Eating, food, and weight control usually becomes obsessions.

Those with Anorexia Nervosa tend to weigh themselves frequently, carefully portion food, and only eat select foods. Slide12

Time-Developing Symptoms- Anorexia Nervosa

Thinning of the bones (osteopenia or osteoporosis

)

Severe

constipation

Growth of fine hair all over the body (lanugo

)

Damage to the structure and function of the

heart

Damage to the structure and function of the

heart

Multiorgan

failure

InfertilitySlide13

Symptoms- Bulimia Nervosa

Having reoccurring and frequent episodes or spells where one eats large amounts of food. Or in other words they have episodes of binge-eating.

This binge-eating is followed by behavior that compensates for the overeating such as forced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives or diuretics, fasting, excessive exercise, or a combination of these behaviors.

People of healthy weight and/or slightly over-weight usually suffer from Bulimia Nervosa.

Like Anorexia Nervosa, this is done with the fear of gaining weight in mind. Slide14

How to Recognize-

Bulimia Nervosa

Person usually views one’s self as overweight.

They often fear gaining weight, want desperately to lose weight, and are intensely unhappy with their body size and shape.

Suffer from feelings of disgust or shame. Slide15

Time Developing Symptoms- Bulimia Nervosa

Chronically inflamed and sore throat

Swollen salivary glands in the neck and jaw area

Worn tooth enamel, increasingly sensitive and decaying teeth as a result of exposure to stomach acid

Acid reflux disorder and other gastrointestinal problems

Intestinal distress and irritation from laxative abuse

Severe dehydration from purging of fluids

Electrolyte imbalance (too low or too high levels of sodium, calcium, potassium and other minerals) which can lead to heart attack. Slide16

Symptoms- Binge Eating Disorder

Person looses control over his/her eating control.

Often eats massive amounts of foods at a time.

Does not compensate with vomiting, dieting, or excessive exercising after consumption of food.

Eating even when you’re

full

regret

and self-loathingSlide17

How to Recognize- Binge Eating Disorder

The eater tends to be severely overweight or obese.

He/she deals with shame.

They also experience guilt, shame, and distress about their binge-eating, which can lead to more binge-eating

.

He/she tries to eat in secret.

Embarrassment of Eating

Hiding or stockpiling food to eat later in secretSlide18

Time Developing Symptoms- Binge Eating Disorder

People with binge-eating disorder who are obese are at higher risk for developing cardiovascular disease and high blood pressure

.

Type 2 diabetes

Becoming Obese

Gallbladder

disease

Heart

disease

OsteoarthritisSlide19

Local Help

For local help of Anorexia Nervosa there is a local Vacaville Therapist specialized for help treating Anorexia and Bulimia. For more information

Click Here

Also Located in Vacaville, Healthy Partnerships Inc. is available to help those who suffer from eating disorders.

For more information

Click Here

Slide20

Treatment/Recovery-Anorexia Nervosa

Restoring the person to a healthy weight

Treating the psychological issues related to the eating disorder

Reducing or eliminating behaviors or thoughts that lead to insufficient eating and preventing relapse. Slide21

Treatment/Recovery- Bulimia Nervosa

involves a combination of options and depends upon the needs of the individual

.

To reduce or eliminate binge-eating and purging behaviors, a patient may undergo nutritional counseling and

psychotherapy

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)Slide22

Treatment/Recovery- Binge Eating Disorder

Treatment options for binge-eating disorder are

similar

Individually tailored Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Fluoxetine and other antidepressants may reduce binge-eating episodes and help lessen

depressionSlide23

Prevention- Eating Disorders

Discourage the idea that a particular diet, weight, or body size will automatically lead to happiness and fulfillment.

Choose to challenge the false belief that thinness and weight loss are great, while body fat and weight gain are horrible or indicate laziness, worthlessness, or immorality.

If you think someone has an eating disorder, express your concerns in a forthright, caring manner. Gently but firmly encourage the person to seek trained professional help.

Avoid conveying an attitude that says, “I will like you better if you lose weight, or don’t eat so much, etc.” Slide24

Other Information- Eating Disorders

Men can suffer from a eating disorder because they find the need to gain more muscularity. Which also leads to the use of Steroids.

Eating disorders are one of the most common psychological problems facing young women in Japan.

R

esearchers are finding that eating disorders are caused by a complex interaction of genetic, biological, behavioral, psychological, and social

factors.

Celebrities that have suffered from eating disorders include: Paula Abdul, Elton John, Joan Rivers,

Lynn

Redgrave,

and

more

. Slide25

Citations

Smith, Melinda, Suzanne

Barston

, Jeanne Segal, and Robert Segal. "Binge Eating Disorder."

HelpGuide.org

.

N.p

.,

n.d.

Web. 11 Nov

2012

“Eating Disorders.”

National Institute of Mental Health.

N.p

.,

n.d

, Web. 11 Nov 2012

.

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/eating-disorders/complete-

index.shtml

“Eating Disorder Statistics.”

South Carolina Department of Mental Health. DMH.

Web.

11 Nov

2012

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