Romanticism as a 19th-century . artistic. and . philosophical. movement. Painting. Music. Literature. 2. W. H. . Wackenroder. , an early German romantic. :. “We sons of this century have the advantage of standing on a high mountain peak with many lands and ages visible to our eyes spread out at.... ID: 230342
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Romanticism as a 19th-century artistic and philosophical movement
W. H. Wackenroder, an early German romantic:
“We sons of this century have the advantage of standing on a high mountain peak with many lands and ages visible to our eyes spread out at our feet. Let us use our good fortune, let us lovingly survey all epochs and peoples, and in their manifold feelings and creative works let us always seek the human qualities.”
Albert Bierstadt, Valley of the Yosemite (1864)
Caspar David Friedrich, The Sea of Ice
Karl Friedrich Schinkel, Medieval Town by Water (1813)Slide7
Delacroix, Tiger Attacking a Wild Horse
Charles Mengin, Sappho
Waterhouse, The Lady of Shallot (1888)
Chassériau, Othello and Desdemona in Venice
Jean-Léon Gérôme, Duel after a Masked BallSlide12
Gérôme, Slave Market in Rome
Jean-Léon Gérôme, Pygmalian
Romantic positive themes
Nature: majestic, inviting, sublime, dangerousPeople: passionate, exotic, adventurous, extreme action
Wordsworth, from The Excursion (1814)
My voice proclaimsHow exquisitely the individual Mind(And the progressive powers perhaps no lessOf the whole species) to the external WorldIs fitted:—and how exquisitely, too,Theme this but little heard of among Men,The external World is fitted to the Mind.
The Three MusketeersThe Count of Monte CristoThe Man in the Iron MaskSlide17
Les MiserablesThe Man Who LaughsNotre Dame de Paris (The Hunchback of Notre Dame)Slide18
Cyrano de Bergerac
Romantic negative themes
Contrast to Classicism’s rules, formulae, copying old, dead things. Fear of mechanistic, reductionist view of life.Variations: spiritualism versus materialism passion versus cold reason spontaneity versus routinefreedom versus restraint fantasy versus realism
Rules, tradition, old.Romantics: Freedom, the future, the new.
Contra reason, science, philosophy
Johann Wolfgang Goethe:“Gray, dear friend, is all theory,But green is life’s golden tree.”“Feeling is all,Name is only sound and smoke.”
John Keats, “Lamia”
Do not all charms flyAt the mere touch of cold philosophy?There was an awful rainbow once in heaven:We know her woof, her texture; she is givenIn the dull catalogue of common things.Philosophy will clip an Angel's wings,Conquer all mysteries by rule and line,Empty the haunted air, and gnomed mine –Unweave a rainbow, as it erstwhile madeThe tender-person'd Lamia melt into a shade.
John Keats, “Lamia” (cont’d)
The bald-headed philosopherHad fix’d his eye, without a twinkle or stirFull on the alarmed beauty of the bride,Brow-beating her fair form, and troubling her sweet pride.
Is the Industrial Revolution a good thing? Thoreau: “We do not ride on the railroad; it rides upon us.”
Disquiet over the decline of religion
Is God dead?Is there no magic in the world?Replace with self-creation and nature worship?
William Wordsworth (1770-1850)
The World Is Too Much with Us (1802) The Tables Turned (1798)