The News Effect Dustyn Bailey

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The News Effect Dustyn Bailey - Description

Introduction . „. News is a global phenomenon that pervades many different types of media, it is important to develop an understanding of how news effects the masses who consume media sources like Fox, CNN, MSNBC, and the Daily Show. Through the examination of framing theory, selective exposure t.... ID: 736388 Download Presentation

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The News Effect Dustyn Bailey




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Presentations text content in The News Effect Dustyn Bailey

Slide1

The News Effect

Dustyn Bailey

Slide2

Introduction

„

News is a global phenomenon that pervades many different types of media, it is important to develop an understanding of how news effects the masses who consume media sources like Fox, CNN, MSNBC, and the Daily Show. Through the examination of framing theory, selective exposure theory, and agenda setting theory; our research provides a better understanding of how news affects their audiences.

Slide3

Context

News in the Media

Slide4

Theories

Framing Theory

Agenda Setting Theory

Selective Exposure Theory

Slide5

Framing Theory

Definition

Influence

Negative Effects

Agenda

Slide6

Definition

The basis of framing theory is that the media focuses attention on certain events and then places them within a field of meaning. Framing is an important topic since it can have a big influence and therefore the concept of framing expanded to organizations as well.

Slide7

Influence

Often stories are crafted by news stations in ways that will be more likely to receive the most attention from audiences

.

Slide8

Effects

In a content analysis study which looked at international news coverage of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, it was proven that the most frequently used frame was one titled the savior frame. In this type of

portrayal, news stations would discuss the amount of aid and support their country’s government was

giving to Haiti. Viewers at home watching the natural disaster unfold on television were more likely to

respond to a story which looked at the after effects and then was framed with how their country was

specifically helping the cause. In international news coverage, most citizens want to see their country

being displayed positively rather than negatively. (Saving Haiti: Framing in International News Coverage of Natural Disasters by Haiyan

Jia

, Cristina

Mislan

, Dan

Deluliis

, Cory Hahn, & George Christo-Baker).

Slide9

Agenda

Framing theory and Agenda Setting are two theories which can work together when news stations are telling a story. While framing helps tell viewers what to think, agenda setting tells viewers what to think about by highlighting certain stories and usually showing only one side of an issue.

Slide10

Agenda Setting Theory

Definition

Influence

Correlation

Slide11

Definition

Agenda Setting Theory in “Mass Media, Mass Culture” is the process whereby the mass media determine what we think and worry about.

Slide12

Influence

1

st

and 2

nd

Order Effects

First Level: Media coverage can affect how citizens think about issues.

Second Level: When the way media covers issues becomes the way citizens think about issues.

https://www.youtube.com/embed/Sz029y6ZkC8

Slide13

Correlation/Examples

Iraq War coverage: People who watched MSNBC, CNN, and Fox News coverage of the Iraq War. 69 percent of MSCNBC viewers favored democratic arguments about the war. 64% CNN. Only 32% of Fox viewers favored democratic views. Conservatives/republicans in study were 88 times more likely to say that the war was not worth it when they did not watch Fox News, compared to .55 watching fox news. Those who were liberal/democrat and watched fox news or did not their opinion changed very little,(.96/ .97)

Slide14

Selective Exposure Theory

Definition

Social Influences News Factor

Slide15

Definition

Selective Exposure Theory is the individuals’ tendency to favor information which reinforces their pre-existing views while avoiding contradictory information. 

Slide16

Social Influences

• A 2011 study studying

Neilsen

data found that Facebook was the fastest growing source of referrals to major news websites, while news aggregators account for an even larger share.

• The effect of social endorsements was strongest for partisans selecting articles from ideologically misaligned sources, and stronger for Republicans than for Democrats.

• Social media may constitute a force that drives citizens to read news, or at least headlines and abstract

• Companies like Facebook and Google often select content to display by employing filtering algorithms that predict which content a customer will be most likely to view and endorse which may serve to isolate individuals in a “filter bubble.”

Slide17

News Application

Both CNN and FOX News claim to follow notions of objectivity, presenting impartial information to the audience and reporting in a balanced manner when covering the news.

• For conservative Republicans, FOX News acts as an echo chamber, reinforcing their already negative inclinations against Mexican immigrants. But even for liberals and Democrats, watching FOX News was significantly related to their support for Mexican immigrants.

• Selective exposure may be taking place not only when individuals watch television news, but also when they read newspapers, listen to radio shows, or browse the Internet.

Slide18

Conclusions

Through communication theories this study develops an idea of how the news media affects the people who consume their information. Framing Theory teaches us how the news stations focus their attention on certain events and constructs certain meanings, Agenda Setting Theory influences what issues the audience feels are important, and Selective Exposure Theory there is an expectation for consumers of media to have a stance on an issue and seek more information. All of these theories help develop a better comprehension of how the news media affects people.

Slide19

The END

Questions?


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