APA Citation Style
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APA Citation Style

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APA Citation Style




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Slide1

APA Citation Style

Slide2

What is APA Style?

APA is the American Psychological AssociationAPA style is used by researchers in:Business EducationHealth Sciences (nursing, medical assisting, etc.) Public RelationsSocial Sciences (psychology, criminal justice, etc.)And MoreAPA guidelines help you to:Avoid plagiarism Cite your sources effectivelyOrganize your writingPresent yourself professionally in your work

Slide3

Why Cite Your References?

The purpose of a reference list is to help readers find the sources you used. Therefore, the reference list should be as accurate and complete as possible.

Slide4

References

Document research. Data must be correct, complete and consistent.Punctuation and element order are vital.Accuracy helps establish your credibility.

http://pixabay.com/en/darts-dart-game-bull-s-eye-target-155726/

Slide5

References continued

Each entry on a reference list contains elements required for unique identification, including, at a minimum, author, title, date, & publication information.When in doubt, provide more information rather than less. For example, volume, issue, edition, document number, etc.

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Slide6

References continued

To cite a source type not mentioned in the Citing References: APA Style guide http://www.uww.edu/documents/library/apacite.pdf, refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th ed.

If

the

Manual

has no specific guidance for your

source type, follow the format of the example that is most similar to it.

For clarification, try the APA Style

Blog:

http://blog.apastyle.org

/

Slide7

Basic Paper Guidelines

Double-spaced.1” margins on all sides.12-point Times New Roman font.Two spaces after a period at the end of a sentence, but one space after commas, semicolons, colons, and initials. Do not add spaces to DOIs or URLs.Unsure? Check the Manual for clarification, more detail, and sample papers.

Slide8

Begin on a new page at the end of your paper.Title is centered.Title is: References½” (one tab) hanging indentation.Double space (same as with paper text).Entries arranged alphabetically by author last name. If no author is listed, alphabetize using the first citation element.List works by the same author in chronological order.

Do you know how to double-space and do hanging indentation the easy way?

Additional References Page Guidelines

Slide9

APA, MLA or Turabian?

Berndt, Thomas Jefferson. “Friendship Quality and Social Development.” Current Directions in Psychological Science 11, no. 1 (2002): 7-10.Berndt, Thomas Jefferson. “Friendship Quality and Social Development.” Current Directions in Psychological Science 11.1 (2002) : 7-10. Print.Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11(1), 7-10.

APA

Slide10

Basics of the Reference Page

What do you need to include?

Author namePublication dateSource titleWhere you found it

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Slide11

Authors

Author’s name should appear as Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial.

Example:

Salinger, J. D.

If there’s no author put the title of the work

before

the publication date. Example:

Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary.

(1993). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

Slide12

Authors (con’t)

Multiple authors? Use the & symbol.Two authors:Geisel, T. S., & Lewis, S.Three to seven authors:Salinger, J. D., Geisel, T. S., & Lewis, S. , &More than seven authors:Dickens, C., Salinger, J. D., Dickinson, E., Geisel, T. S., Lewis, S., Stoker, B.,...Stowe, H. B.This is different from the in-text citation rule for the same source (Dickens et al.)

Slide13

Titles in References

Notes on formatting:

Italicize titles of

whole

works (books, journals, CDs, etc.).

Do not italicize or use quotation marks on titles of

parts

of works (chapters, articles, songs, etc.).

Only capitalize the first word and proper nouns.

EXCEPTION: Journal titles are capitalized “normally,” i.e. in title case.

Book:

Hard times.

Journal:

Dickens Quarterly

Article in Journal: Green cheese.

Canadian Architect.

Slide14

Books

Moore, L. L.,

Maye

, C., & Collins, E. L.

(2011).

Advertising and public relations law

.

New York, NY:

Routledge

.

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial., Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial., & Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle initial.

(Publication year).

Book title

.

Publication City, State Abbreviation:

Publisher.

Slide15

DOI or URL?

With online periodical sources, APA requires inclusion of one of two pieces of information.

DOI

: A digital object identifier is assigned to a specific article and can usually be found on the first page of that article. It may also be in the article’s record in the database/webpage where the article was found.

Example: doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2011.05.011

URL

: If there is no DOI, use

the uniform resource locator

for the

periodical homepage

, NOT the article webpage, database webpage, or article in the database.

You can usually do an Internet search for the title of the journal plus the publisher name (if known) to find the journal homepage.

Some databases, like those from

EBSCOhost

, provide this information or a link to the publisher.

Example: http

://www.journals.elsevier.com/maturitas/

Slide16

JOURNAL ARTICLE: two to seven authors; no DOI; paginated by issue; print

Light, M. A., & Light, I. H.

(2008).

The geographic expansion of Mexican immigration in the United States and its implications for local law enforcement.

Law Enforcement Executive Forum Journal

,

8

(1),

73-82.

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial., & Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle initial.

(Publication year).

Article title.

Journal Title

,

volume number

(issue number),

first page-last page.

Slide17

JOURNAL ARTICLE: two to seven authors; no DOI; paginated by issue; web and/or library database

Sillick

, T. J., &

Schutte

, N. S.

(2006).

Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness.

E-Journal of Applied Psychology

,

2

(2),

38-48.

Retrieved from http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/ejap

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial., & Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial.

(Publication year).

Article title.

Journal Title

,

volume number

(issue number),

first page-last page.

Retrieved from journal’s homepage URL

Slide18

JOURNAL ARTICLE: two to seven authors; DOI; paginated by volume; print, web, or library database

Herbst-Damm

, K. L., &

Kulik

, J. A.

(2005).

Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients.

Health Psychology

,

24

,

225-229.

doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial., & Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle initial.

(Publication year).

Article title.

Journal Title

,

volume

number

,

first page-last page.

doi:digital

object identifier

Slide19

Basics of In-Text Citations

What do you need to include

?

Author’s last name

Publication date

Page number (required if quoting, encouraged when paraphrasing)

Put all of this information in parentheses, or within the text of your paper. Examples:

“The moon is made of green cheese” (

Dolinger

, 2009, p. 99).

Dolinger

(2009) said, “The moon is made of green cheese” (p. 99).

Slide20

Formatting

Multiple authorsFor one or two authors, always list both names connected by the “&” symbol when in parentheses, or “and” when not. Examples:(Geisel & Lewis)Geisel and LewisFor 3-5 authors, list all the first time you cite the source. After that, use the first author’s name, followed by “et al.” Example: Salinger, Geisel, and Lewis found that… Salinger et al. stated that…With 6 or more, just use the first author’s name, followed by et al. Example: Dickens et al. argued…No author availableUse a shortened title in parentheses (start with the first word). Example: National Library Week is in April (“Library Event Rocks,” 2009)Article title is: Library Event Rocks Whitewater in October

Slide21

Formatting Titles for In-text Citations

Whole works should be

italicizedBooksJournalsCDsParts of works should be in “quotation marks”ChaptersJournal articlesSong titles

Slide22

Parenthetical Citation with Authors

Sillick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38-48. Retrieved from http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/ejap/ article/view/71 /100 (Sillick & Schutte, 2006, p. 40)

Slide23

Parenthetical Citation without Author or Page Number

Slingshot fun [Video file]. (2007, January 29). Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CCmZYce0J2E (Slingshot fun, 2007)

Slide24

References

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association

(6th ed.). (2010). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Slide25

What are Your Questions?

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