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Women at Midlife: Women at Midlife:

Women at Midlife: - PowerPoint Presentation

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Uploaded On 2016-05-31

Women at Midlife: - PPT Presentation

What Can Psychology Teach Us Lisa A Goodman PhD Department of Counseling and Developmental Psychology Lynch School of Education Invisibility in the psychological literature Invisibility ID: 342279

stereotypes returning empirical age returning stereotypes age empirical women negative invisibility support psychology narrative loss aging identity generativity power social performance sense

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Slide1

Women at Midlife: What Can Psychology Teach Us?

Lisa A. Goodman, Ph.D.

Department of Counseling and Developmental Psychology

Lynch School of EducationSlide2

Invisibility

…… in the psychological literatureSlide3

Invisibility

……. In the Psychology of Women QuarterlySlide4

Invisibility

….. in the popular mediaSlide5

Invisibility

…..in the classroomSlide6

Limits and LossSlide7

Openness and FreedomSlide8

IntegrativeSlide9

Integrative

Abigail Stewart

Institute for Research on Women and Gender

University of Michigan

Joan Ostrove

Ravenna Helson

Nicola Newton

David Winter

Kathi Miner-RubinoSlide10

Identity Certainty

a clear sense of self and one’s place in the social worldSlide11

Confident Power

feelings of mastery and competenceSlide12

Generativity

preoccupation with a world beyond the self and desire to make a contribution Slide13

Concerns about Aging

preoccupation about “time left” and decreased physical strength and attractiveness Slide14

Sample

300 middle- and upper middle class women’s college students

Surveyed in their 20s, 40s, 60s

250 white women (and men) who had graduated from an urban public school

Surveyed in their 60s and asked about their 20s and 40sSlide15

Growing sense of……

Identity

Power

Generativity

Worry about mortality, aging, loss of capacitySlide16

Irrespective of…….

College education

Marital status

Children

Work

Social classSlide17

What Can We Conclude?

Questions shape answersSlide18

Why Does it Matter?Slide19

Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Within the woman’s story, as exemplified in most theoretical and empirical research, the high points of the narrative are clustered toward the early years of adulthood, when marriage and childbearing are the events of interest…Then stability, then a regressive fall, marked by negative accelerations with the departure of children and widowhood. According to this narrative form, a woman’s life is basically downhill or regressive from 40 on. [This narrative itself] serves to exacerbate the plight of the mature woman who is faced with no clear alternatives. It operates as an invitation to anxiety and depression

Mary GergenSlide20

Empirical Support

Negative Stereotypes

Better Performance

Worse Performance

Positive

StereotypesSlide21

Empirical Support – Becca Levy

YOUNGER AGE:

Negative stereotypes about older people

OLDER AGE: Poor physical healthSlide22

Empirical Support – Becca Levy

25% of those with negative age related stereotypes at 30

 heart problems at 60

13% of those with positive age related stereotypes at 30

heart problems at 60

Controlling for: blood pressure, smoking, depression, cholesterolSlide23

Images Move Into the Body, Mind, and SoulSlide24

Where From Here?Slide25

Returning to Loss and LimitsSlide26

Returning to Openness and FreedomSlide27

Returning to IdentitySlide28

Returning to MasterySlide29

Returning to GenerativitySlide30

Returning to Concerns About AgingSlide31

Who Am I …. Now That I'm Not Who I Was?