Desk Research: How do you find WW1 remains?

Desk Research: How do you find WW1 remains? Desk Research: How do you find WW1 remains? - Start

2015-09-24 33K 33 0 0

Desk Research: How do you find WW1 remains? - Description

An introduction to the local Historic Environment Records. by Keith Elliott, Secretary of the CBA North Region and formerly Northumberland Historic Environment Record Assistant (now Warwickshire Assistant Historic Environment Officer). ID: 139396 Download Presentation

Download Presentation

Desk Research: How do you find WW1 remains?

Download Presentation - The PPT/PDF document "Desk Research: How do you find WW1 remai..." is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.

Presentations text content in Desk Research: How do you find WW1 remains?


Desk Research: How do you find WW1 remains?

An introduction to the local Historic Environment Records

by Keith Elliott, Secretary of the CBA North Region and formerly Northumberland Historic Environment Record Assistant (now Warwickshire Assistant Historic Environment Officer)


What is a Historic Environment Record (HER)?

comprehensive records of all known archaeological finds, sites and landscapes of all periods, types and forms in defined geographical areas

successors to Sites and Monuments Records (SMRs)…

…but have increased our coverage to include Modern (including WW1 sites), buildings and landscapes, finds and



records of archaeological work carried out – even where no monuments located or finds were made

data has two components; a mapped location and database entry


What information do HERs collect?

all archaeological periods – from Palaeolithic to Cold War – compiling information from many sources

cropmarks and earthworks, extant and ruined buildings, structures and sites from documentary records

core information is period, type or form

nationally agreed database terms to allow easy searching,


“battery” or “battery” + “Modern” for sites and pieces of work…

…as well as with/without geographical information,



use a unique number to identify the site


Database entry and mapping (overall)


What do HERs do?

HERs are tools – we are the evidence base for assessing planning applications, and stewardship applicationsrepository for reports derived from planning workcan be used for much more – such as by all researchers of time, period and/or place, as the basis for projects, education and tourismWe rely upon the return of info!


Where can I access HER information?

HERs are located in local authority areas, though some work across a number of local authority areasThey are usually located in planning sectionsHERs nationally are listed on the Heritage Gateway website, some are online… (where complementary information can be also found)…most of the North East’s HERs are all available in some way online


What information do HERs hold?

The core of our information is in our database and mapping packages

We also hold some sources ourselves; particularly aerial photographs, old OS mapping, some journal and book publications

HERs receive reports (grey literature) from developer-funded work, as well as information from other research,


Historic England National Mapping Programme and Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment, the Portable Antiquities Scheme


The HER is a signpost to where further details can be found


Where and who are the local HERs?

There are six HERs with some North East coverageThese are;Northumberland (Northumberland and National Park)‘Tyne and Wear’ (the former Tyne and Wear County)Durham (County Durham and Darlington Borough)Tees Archaeology (Hartlepool and Stockton)Redcar and Cleveland (Redcar and Cleveland)North Yorkshire Moors National Park (a small snippet)


What information can I access?

As noted already some local HER information is online;

Northumberland and Durham has some available through the

Keys to the Past

website – searchable by period, type, county with interactive (as points)

‘Tyne and Wear’ through the


website – searchable by period, type, area, borough, but with no mapping

Tees through links of the

Tees Archaeology website

– searchable by period, with mapping of locations, and with summary details of period, type and name

Information can also be requested by contacting the HER direct – this is best expressed if you can write down what information you would like


Northumberland and Durham


Tyne and Wear




What information can you get?

An HER report from the

database entries



unique HER


The entry will typically show the period, type and form of the sites…

…crucially this will also the source/s used (which might be from one source to many)

An annotated map showing where the sites are

There may be other sources that the HER can highlight, such as aerial photographs

Information can be requested through a number of ways – email, post, telephone and fax


Database entry and mapping (specific)

These are the

Blaeberry Hills practice trenchesFirst noticed from APs in the 1980sSurvey and excavation 2008 which found the western setHistorical research and AP work 2014Final report 2015?

[on the] ..moorland above the town, a position on which was selected and each company was given a length…”


What information do we have on WW1?

All the local HERs have some information on WW1 sites – we have a very good history of recording such sitesThese include the main coastal defence batteries, the military installations, practice trenches and war memorialsMuch has come from the Rapid Coastal Assessment Zone survey from aerial photograph work carried out for English HeritageNorthumberland and Tees HERs have prepared handouts of what is known for WW1 sites in their coveragesSo is there anything to do?


Are there things to do?

Yes – there are things to do;

some of our sites are only ‘known’ through documentary records – we don’t know if anything remains at them or some of the locations are vague

sites may be better classified than we know of them

some sites have not reached our records at all – we just don’t know about them at all


What information would we like on WW1?

What would be particularly useful;

more information on known sites (which are usually military ones)

work for the ‘soft’ sites – the other sites that saw WW1 military use, like a country house as a hospital, and the other short-lived sites

work where Home Front Legacy topics coincide with HER Audit work

field-visits would be useful to establish what remains at some sites

visits to the local archives to check the locations of sites

your highlighting

in other projects the site-based


Contact your HER for specific topics that will suit you and them!


Local sources of information

The HERs provide a signpost to what is ‘known’ – there are people behind the machines!

Other useful national sources are;

War Office Northern Command, 1918.

List of Lands and Buildings in the Occupation of the War Department

… *

Regimental histories –


Historical Records of the 18


(Service) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers (1


Tyneside Pioneers)

Morris, J, 1925.

German Air Raids on Great Britain 1914-1918

Barclay, G J, 2014.

The Built Heritage of the First World War

in Scotland



But bear in mind…

HERs cover current local authority areas, so remember Northumberland, Newcastle, County Durham and North Riding of Yorkshire in all record searches…

…but Berwick-upon-Tweed came under Scottish Command during WW1

remember some sites continued on –


Post-Medieval into WW1

there are a range of projects and studies to tap into


Contact details

Northumberland – Liz Williams, Heritage and HER Officer,


Tyne and Wear – Jennifer Morrison, Archaeology Officer,


County Durham – Nick


, HER Officer,


Tees Archaeology – Rachel Grahame, Archaeologist (HER),





For the others see the Heritage Gateway website

About DocSlides
DocSlides allows users to easily upload and share presentations, PDF documents, and images.Share your documents with the world , watch,share and upload any time you want. How can you benefit from using DocSlides? DocSlides consists documents from individuals and organizations on topics ranging from technology and business to travel, health, and education. Find and search for what interests you, and learn from people and more. You can also download DocSlides to read or reference later.