Broadway Musical Comic Opera And Operetta

Broadway Musical Comic Opera And Operetta - Description

Week 6. 段馨君 . Iris . Hsin-chun. Tuan. Associate Professor. Department of Humanities and Social Sciences. NCTU. Minstrelsy, burlesque, extravaganza, vaudeville, and revue burst onto the American theater without forcing the contemporary European forms out of the entertainment market.. ID: 693080 Download Presentation

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Broadway Musical Comic Opera And Operetta

Week 6. 段馨君 . Iris . Hsin-chun. Tuan. Associate Professor. Department of Humanities and Social Sciences. NCTU. Minstrelsy, burlesque, extravaganza, vaudeville, and revue burst onto the American theater without forcing the contemporary European forms out of the entertainment market..

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Broadway Musical Comic Opera And Operetta




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Slide1

Broadway MusicalComic Opera And OperettaWeek 6

段馨君

Iris

Hsin-chun

Tuan

Associate Professor

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences

NCTU

Slide2

Minstrelsy, burlesque, extravaganza, vaudeville, and revue burst onto the American theater without forcing the contemporary European forms out of the entertainment market.A renaissance of European influence on the American musical theater.

Slide3

The popular French comic opera known as the opera bouffe.Gave the comic operas a twenty-year success the English comic opera.

Slide4

English comic operaThe American premiere of Gilbert and Sullivan’s H.M.S. Pinafore at the Boston Museum, November 25, 1878, created a sensation

.

By 1916,

Vanity Fair

reported a “fever” in New York

.

HMS Pinafore

 —

Season

: Autumn 1991

HMS

Pinafore - We Sail the Ocean Blue

http

://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pCHy0XXHknw

Slide5

All Manhattan was comic opera mad.Joining comic opera on the scene was a similar, even more influential from---operetta.Like comic opera, operetta employs music, spoken dialogue, light subject matte, comedy elements, and romance.

The picture about operetta.

Slide6

The difference is one of emphasis and tone.Life imitates an all-consuming romantic fantasy.

Emmerich

Kalman

operetta "

Bajadera

"

http

://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jZUK6mNtFFM

operetta

Comic opera

Slide7

Where comic opera exploits plausible situations, farce, or verbal wit, operetta abandons everything to unfettered imagination.The form originated and developed in Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire during the final quarter of the 19thC.

the Mad 

Comic Opera

 finale

.

Slide8

Victor HerbertOperettas like Victor Herbert’s Babes in Toyland constitute the earliest major achievement of twentieth-century American music for the theater

.

Victor Herbert

Slide9

Victor Herbert’s operettas gave the audience music, not theater. In Mlle. Modest, character, dialogue, plot, and situation existed only as accessories to song.Herbert preferred tuneful music; he loved the lilt, the verve, and the harmonies.

BABES IN TOYLAND -

1934

http

://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3i7YGHCKPyg

Slide10

Herbert’s destiny was to popularize the American operetta, consolidate its musical resources, influence the craft and instruction of musical theater orchestration, and reorganize the American theater orchestra for improved sound performance.

William Norris as a "toy soldier", 1903

Slide11

Sigmund Romberg When American operetta reached the peak of critical and popular acclaim in the 1920s, the shows of Sigmund Romberg epitomized the form.

Sigmund Romberg

. -He died on Nov/09/1951, was born on Jul/29/1887

Slide12

“he understood the stage”. Where Herbert showcased marketable songs, Romberg marketed dramatic emotion through song.Romberg’s concern for the text enriched his compositions.

Sigmund Romberg

 sheet music

Slide13

Sigmund Romberg so extended the musical and dramatic possibilities of the operetta form that little soon remained to be said, sung, or explored.American audiences abandoned operetta in the 1930s.

Deep In My Heart (1954) Trailer

Biopic of composer Sigmund Romberg with Adolph Deutsch in charge of the music. Carole Richards dubbed

Cyd

Charisse's

singing voice.

http

://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p2vxMDpnHLg&feature=related

Slide14

Rudolf FrimlThe last of the “Big Three” operetta composers was a serious musician.Renowned pianist, and the composer of thirty-three operettas. A spectacular talent for musical improvisation

.

1879 - (Charles) 

Rudolf Friml

, composer, concert pianist, born in

Prague.

Slide15

Friml’s musical composition and improvisations never departed from the tradition that was his European musical heritage. In the style of Viennese operetta as “Indian Love Call ” and “Only a Rose.”

Indian Love Call, Jeannette MacDonald, Nelson Eddie, Stewart

Jeannette MacDonald sings Indian Love Call to Nelson Eddie, with James Stewart, in Rose-Marie (1936)

://

www.youtube.com/watch?v=87bUBB-rwFc

Slide16

The model for operetta devised by the “Big Three” offered a wholesome story accompanied by melodic music, romantic settings, sentimental situations, and clean comedy--- all wrapped attractively in a sumptuous production.

"I

Fratelli

Mario" follows the basic story line of the Super Mario Brothers video game but with some twists.

Slide17

Music was and is the greatest factor in operetta. When the librettist serves the musician, character, plot, dialogue, lyrics, situation, production concept, and humor suffer.If you’ve never encountered an operetta plot, you’ve never encountered plot at all!

Slide18

DeclineThe Depression, which began in the late 1920s, brought rapid and enormous changes in American life and with them the end of operetta.The American musical theater tradition had embraced opera, ballad opera, pasticcio, puppet shows, pantomime, minstrelsy, burlesque, spectacular, extravaganza, revue, comic opera, operetta, and an adolescent musical comedy.