Kids’ Feet:

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Kids’ Feet:




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Presentations text content in Kids’ Feet:

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Kids’ Feet: Podopediatrics

Dr. Dennis R. Frisch561-395-4243

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Outline

Growth, Anatomy, and DevelopmentCommon Conditions at BirthCommon Early Childhood ConditionsTreatment MethodsCommon Nail and Skin ConditionsConditions Affecting Growth CentersCommon InjuriesOther Issues

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Growth, Anatomy, and Development

At birth, an infant’s legs are rotated outward. At birth, a child’s legs are relatively short when compared to the overall length of the body.

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Growth, Anatomy, and Development

As growth occurs, the femur (thigh bone) and the tibia (lower leg bone) untwist.Foot growth from birth until age two is fairly rapid. Feet double in length from birth to age four.

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Growth,

Anatomy, and Development

At birth, there are relatively few bones in the foot. With maturity, new areas of growth appear.Every newborn should be examined carefully in the hospital for any potential foot or leg problems. Another examination of the feet and legs should be done at 4-6 months of age.

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Growth, Anatomy, and Development

Most children walk unassisted by 10-18 months.Most conditions associated with flat feet, bowlegs, knock knees, leg length differences, and ankle problems become obvious with standing.

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Growth, Anatomy, and Development

Final bone development can be determined by gender, heredity, and the nature of the child’s foot structure.Annual visits to the podiatrist will help identify and allow treatment of most conditions.

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Common Conditions at Birth

Club footReverse club foot (Calcaneal valgus)Rocker bottom footMetatarsus adductus (turned-in foot)

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Common Conditions at Birth

Overlapping toesWebbed toes (Syndactyly)Extra toes (Polydactyly)Long toes or short toes

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Common Early Childhood Conditions

In-toeing (Pigeon-toed)Out-toeing (Duck or Slew-footed) Bowlegs/Knock kneesHyper-extension of the kneesLeg length differences

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Common Early Childhood Conditions

Tight heel cord (Equinus)Night crampsLow-arched feet (Flat footed)High-arched feet

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Treatment Methods

Shoes and shoe therapyOrthoticsPossible surgical options

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Common Nail and Skin Conditions

NailsWartsForeign bodiesFungus infectionsContact dermatitis

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Common Nail and Skin Conditions

ImpetigoEczemaPsoriasisFoot odorCorns and calluses

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Conditions Affecting Growth Centers

Osgood Schlatter’s diseaseKohler’s diseaseFreiberg’s diseaseSever’s disease

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Common Injuries

Fractures, dislocations, and sprainsOveruse injuries to the knee (Chondromalacia)Shin splintsAchilles tendonitis

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Other Issues

Juvenile bunionsHammertoesMedial pinch callus of the great toeTailor’s bunionAccessory bonesGanglions and cysts

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Conclusion

Your child’s feet must last a lifetimeTreat problems nowVisit your podiatrist

Dr. Dennis Frisch561-395-424330 SE 7th StBoca Raton, FL 33432www.bocaratonpodiatry.combrpod@bellsouth.net


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