Post Colonialism PowerPoint Presentation

Post Colonialism PowerPoint Presentation

2017-03-31 213K 213 0 0

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     “What's important is that we recognize the falsehood of the notion that the Third World should be abandoned because it's a waste of time.” ~ Chinua Achebe. Ok, so what is “Reality”. “Believing that objective reality can be created by language, many post-modernists posit that all r.... ID: 532068

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Slide1

Post Colonialism

     “What's important is that we recognize the falsehood of the notion that the Third World should be abandoned because it's a waste of time.” ~ Chinua Achebe

Slide2

Ok, so what is “Reality”

“Believing that objective reality can be created by language, many post-modernists posit that all reality is a social construct. From this point of view, no single or primary objective reality exists; instead, many realities exist. In disavowing a universal, objective reality, these critics assert that reality is

perspectival

, with each individual creating his or her subjective understanding of the nature of reality itself”

Bressler

(234).

Slide3

Huh?

Everyone’s history is different

Then why do we have history books?

History books are not OBJECTIVE …. Or 100% accurate.

So what drives history?

The winner writes history, right?…. So what about everyone else?

Slide4

Let’s talk about perspectives. What perspective is this song written from?

Who is the speaker?

Whose perspective is this song written from?

Who is the speaker directing the song to?

What can we learn from this song?

Is the song meant to be taken literally?

Slide5

Dave Matthew’s Band: “Don’t Drink the Water”

Don't drink the water here...Come out, come out, no use in hiding.Come now, come now, can you not seeThere's no place here, what were you expecting?No room for both, just room for me.So you will lay your arms down,Yes, I will call this home.Away, away, you have been banished.Your land is gone, and given to me.And here I will spread my wings.Yes, I will call this home.What's this you say, you feel a right to remain?Then stay and I will bury you.What's that you say, your father's spirit still lives in this place?Well, I will silence you.Here's the hitch, your horse is leaving.Don't miss your boat, it's leaving now.

And as you go I will spread my wings.Yes, I will call this home.I have no time to justify to you,Fool, you're blind, move aside for me.All I can say to you my new neighbor,You must move on or I will bury you.Now as I rest my feet by this fireThose hands once warmed here, but I have retired them.I can breathe my own air and I can sleep more soundlyUpon these poor souls,I'll build Heaven and call it home.Cause you're all dead now.I live with my justiceAnd I live with my greedy needI live with no mercyAnd I live with my frenzied feedingI live with my hatredAnd I live with my jealousyI live with the notion that I don't need anyone but meDon't Drink the WaterDon't Drink the WaterBlood in the waterDon't Drink the Water

Slide6

Postcolonialism

“A set of theories in philosophy and various approaches to literary analysis that are concerned with literature written in English in countries that were or still are colonies of other countries”

Bressler

(235)

Slide7

Again…Huh?

Postcolonialism

is the study of how colonization affects both those who are colonized and those that do the colonizing.

Slide8

Assumptions of Postcolonialism

European colonialism did occur

The British Empire was at the center of this colonization

The conquerors not only dominated the physical land but also the hegemony or ideology of the colonized people

The social, political, and economic effects of such colonization are still being felt today.

Slide9

Key Terms

“Others”: Any person defined as “different from” the colonizers

Alterity

: Differentness: to become the

Other

. Postcolonial theory asserts that the colonized quickly become excluded from positions of power in their “conquered” society and viewed as different and inferior by the colonizers.

Slide10

Unhomeliness

– Double Consciousness – “The feeling or perception of abandonment by both cultures causes the colonial subject (the colonized person) to become a psychological refugee. Because each psychological refugee uniquely blends his or her two cultures, no two writers who have been colonial subjects will interpret their culture(s) exactly alike”

Bressler

(241)

Slide11

Let’s see how this works. Look at this illustration from the early 1900’s

Slide12

Questions to answer:

What details do you notice?

What stands out?

How does the illustrator make meaning?

Who is given power?

Who has power taken away?

Slide13

Slide14

Colonialism in the world!

http://mason.gmu.edu/~ssheers/colonizedby.htm

Slide15

So how did all this effect people?

Chinua Achebe

Slide16

So what does all this have to do with The Hunger Games?

Can the ideas proposed in

postcolonialist

theory be used on a modern piece of literature written my a white American?

Look in chapter one of

The Hunger Games

In small groups, find at least five examples of elements that could be viewed as postcolonial oppression.

A few ideas to think about:

Oppression of people

Differentiation in the way people act or speak

Differentiation in customs

Differentiation in social/economic status

Loaded word choice

Slide17

A quick recap of postcolonialism and why it ties into YA Lit.

Both

postcolonialism

and YA lit focus on highlighting the way people feel when an exterior force infringes upon the entrenched ideology of a group.

The oppressed not only feel their beliefs are being suppressed and belittled, they believe they are being held back politically and economically as well.

The oppressed feel a sense of double consciousness.

Slide18

Sources

Bressler

, Charles E.

Literary Criticism: an

Introduction to Theory and Practice

. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007. Print

Collins, Suzanne.

The Hunger Games

. New York: Scholastic, 2009. Print.


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