Homer’s Odyssey Homer PowerPoint Presentation

Homer’s  Odyssey Homer PowerPoint Presentation

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. lived around 1200 B.C.E.. was a poet. is traditionally thought to be blind, but describes events as a seeing person. Homer. Composed the . Iliad. and the . Odyssey, . . epic. poems about the war between the Trojans and the Greeks set in 900-700 . ID: 692383

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Presentations text content in Homer’s Odyssey Homer

Slide1

Homer’s Odyssey

Slide2

Homer

lived around 1200 B.C.E.

was a poetis traditionally thought to be blind, but describes events as a seeing person

Slide3

Homer

Composed the

Iliad

and the Odyssey, epic poems about the war between the Trojans and the Greeks set in 900-700

B.C.E.

and the aftermath of that possibly historic war.

Slide4

What is an epic?

An epic is :

A narrative

poem concerning a serious subject containing details of heroic deed and events significant to a culture or nation.

T

he

story of the hero’s travels and fights with powerful figures, sometimes other humans but also gods and monsters.

Slide5

An

epic :

Opens

in medias res

,

Is written in elevated, formal language

,

Begins with an invocation to a muse,

Slide6

The Muses

Slide7

The Muses

The

Muses (

mousai), nine daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne (memory) were said to give inspiration to poets and artists. They are:

Calliope

(epic poetry); Clio (history);

Erato

(love poetry and mimicry);

Euterpe

(music);

Melpomene

(tragedy);

Polyhymnia

(hymns,

sacred poetry

, mime); Terpsichore (dancing);

Thalia

(comedy); and

Urania

(astronomy).

The

muses are typically invoked at or near the beginning of an epic poem or classical Greek hymn.

Slide8

An

epic :

Includes supernatural elements,

i

nvolves

an epic hero

,

was

originally sung, often to a harp or lyre

,

was composed for live performance in a pre-literate society

Slide9

Epics…

c

ontain

clues to the ideas of the poet and his

audience-what

they feared

or

did not understand, such as natural disasters, death, storms, the heavens,

or

the afterlife

.

reflect

the culture that created them: religion, dress, homes, weapons and war, roles of men and women, values and moral

standards.

Slide10

What makes an epic hero?

An epic hero…

Has

“larger than life” qualities, possibly supernatural powers or skills so extraordinary that they seem

to be

gifts of the gods

.

Performs brave deeds and faces many dangers, even defeating monsters and/or

gods.

Slide11

An epic hero…

Is intelligent and solves difficult, even life-threatening

problems.

Is a natural leader of men, strong and responsible.

Is a skilled fighter who often stands prominently or alone in battle,

Slide12

An epic hero…

Makes long journeys, travels to find adventure or to fulfill a desire or quest

,

Is human, and has a weakness (or human failing) that destroys him or inadvertently endangers others.

Is

favored by the gods.

Slide13

Homer is credited with composing two great epics, The Iliad and the Odyssey.

Slide14

The Iliad is a narrative poem about the tenth and last year of the Trojan War

The theme

,

the wrath of Achilles, emphasizes arete, honor earned in battle, and

kleos

,

or glory.

Slide15

Arete is honor earned in battle.

Slide16

“If the Greeks regarded the Trojan War as the defining moment of their culture, they did so because of the poetry of Homer. It would not be unfair to regard the Homeric poems as the single most important texts in Greek culture.”

--

Richard Hooker, “Bureaucrats and Barbarians, The Greek Dark Ages.”

Slide17

The Trojan War ended when the Greeks tricked the Trojans into bringing a wooden horse filled with Greek soldiers into the city of Troy.

This clever stratagem was Odysseus’ idea.

Slide18

The Odyssey begins after the fall of Troy.

This epic poem of more than 12,000 lines is divided into 24 books

.

It tells the story of Odysseus’ journey as he and his men try to return home from the Trojan War.

Slide19

Odysseus

Must you have battle in your heart forever?

The bloody toil of combat? Old contender; will you not yield to the immortal gods?

Odyssey, Book 12

Slide20

Main characters in the Odyssey:

Odysseus, the king of

Ithaka

, called

polutropos

“the man of many turnings” for his inventive intelligence,

Penelope, Odysseus’ faithful wife

Telemakhos

, Odysseus’ son, now twenty years old, and

Athena, the goddess of wisdom, war, and justice.

Slide21

Narrative Structure of the Odyssey,Books 1 through 4:

Odysseus has been away from his home,

Ithaka

, for twenty years. His

twenty-year-old son

Telémakhos

, angry about the greedy suitors who have taken over his home, seeks news of his father from those who might have heard about him.

The suitors, who hope that Odysseus is dead, want to force his wife

Penélope

to marry one of them.

Slide22

Led by Athena,

posing as Mentor,

Telémakhos

travels to neighboring kingdoms, trying to find what has happened to his father.

While he is gone, the suitors plot to kill

Telémakhos

when he returns.

Slide23

Narrative Structure of the Odyssey, Books 5 through 8:

At

the same time, far away on

Kalypso’s island of Ogygia, Odysseus is depressed and homesick. He has been kept there for seven years.

Odysseus

finally leaves the goddess and journeys to

Skería

, land of the

Phaiákians

.

Slide24

Narrative Structure of the Odyssey, Books 9-12:

After

landing naked and exhausted on the island, Odysseus carefully approaches the maiden

Nausikaa, daughter of king

Atlkinoos

, and she takes him to her father’s court. With the

Phaiákians

as his audience, Odysseus narrates his travels from Troy chronologically, ending with his appearance on

Skería

.

This episode is occurring at the same time as

Telémakhos

’ travels in Books 1-4.

Slide25

Narrative Structure of the Odyssey: Book 13-End

Setting

:

Ithaka

Odysseus

arrives on

Ithaka

and the narrative returns to a straightforward chronology.

Aided

by Athena, he explores the island and learns about the desperate situation of his wife and reveals himself to his son,

Telémakhos

.

Together

, they plan to kill the vicious suitors and save

Penélope

and their kingdom.

Slide26

Odysseus retakes his home from the suitors

Slide27

SourcesBauernschub

, Mary Beth. “Inspired by the Muses, Graces, and Fates."

ArtsEdge

. The Kennedy Center. 6 Jan 2009 <http://artsedge.kennedycenter. org/content/3605/>.Hooker, Richard. “Bureaucrats and Barbarians, The Greek Dark Ages.” Pullman, WA: Washington State U P, 1999.

Slide28


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