Imperialism
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Imperialism

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Imperialism




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Presentation on theme: "Imperialism"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Imperialism

How Nationalism Created the Quest for an Overseas Empire.

Slide2

Age of Imperialism

1. What is imperialism?

Slide3

Age of Imperialism

1. What is imperialism?

Where one nation extends authority & influence over a foreign land & its people

.

Slide4

Age of Imperialism

Imperialism resulted in the

creation of colonies & overseas empires

.

Was there a period in time that we have studied before that involves European nations conquering peoples & creating colonies?

Slide5

Age of Imperialism

Imperialism resulted in the

creation of colonies & overseas empires

.

Was there a period in time that we have studied before that involves European nations conquering peoples & creating colonies?

Age of Exploration

.

Why did they conquer the New World

?

Slide6

Age of Imperialism

Imperialism resulted in the

creation of colonies & overseas empires

.

Was there a period in time that we have studied before that involves European nations conquering peoples & creating colonies?

Age of Exploration

.

Why did they conquer the New World?

God, gold, & glory; to

expand their sphere of influence

.

What did Europeans setup in America to achieve their goals?

Slide7

Age of Imperialism

Imperialism resulted in the

creation of colonies & overseas empires

.

Was there a period in time that we have studied before that involves European nations conquering peoples & creating colonies?

Age of Exploration

.

Why did they conquer the New World?

God, gold, & glory; to expand their sphere of influence

.

What did Europeans setup in America to achieve their goals?

Colonies, people settling in a foreign country but w/ ties to their homeland

.

Slide8

Slide9

Age of Imperialism

2. The conquest of the New World was called the

Old Imperialism (Age of Colonization)

.

Destruction

of native

people

.

Large number of Europeans permanently settling in the Americas

.

What happened in the end for most of the colonies in the Americas

?

Slide10

Age of Imperialism

2. The conquest of the New World was called the

Old Imperialism (Age of Colonization)

.

Destruction of native

people

.

Large number of Europeans permanently settling in the Americas

.

What happened in the end for most of the colonies in the Americas?

Revolted to create free nations

.

Why?

Slide11

Age of Imperialism

2. The conquest of the New World was called the

Old Imperialism (Age of Colonization)

.

Destruction of native people

.

Large number of Europeans permanently settling in the Americas

.

What happened in the end for most of the colonies in the Americas?

Revolted to create free nations

.

Why?

Colonists formed new cultures that united

them

&

wanted

freedom from their former home

.

Slide12

Age of Imperialism

3. In the late 1800’s, Europe would again embark for conquest, wealth, power, & influence. This period of time is called

New Imperialism (Age of Imperialism)

.

Time when European nations extended authority & influence over Asian & African people

.

Slide13

Age of Imperialism

3. In the late 1800’s, Europe would again embark for conquest, wealth, power, & influence. This period of time is called

New Imperialism (Age of Imperialism)

.

Time when European nations extended authority & influence over Asian & African people

.

The first two nations to participate in the Age of Imperialism were

Great Britain & France

.

Why?

Slide14

Age of Imperialism

3. In the late 1800’s, Europe would again embark for conquest, wealth, power, & influence. This period of time is called

New Imperialism (Age of Imperialism)

.

Time when European nations extended authority & influence over Asian & African people

.

The first two nations to participate in the Age of Imperialism were

Great Britain & France

.

Why?

Britain & France were the world’s economic & military powers

.

Britain & France both had the requirements to become an Imperial power. They would soon be followed by Germany, Italy, & U.S.A..

Slide15

Age of Imperialism

4. Requirements to become an Imperial power:

Slide16

Age of Imperialism

4. Requirements to become an Imperial power:

A country

has to become a nation

.

Nations are

stable, united, & organized enough for imperialism

.

Slide17

Age of Imperialism

4. Requirements to become an Imperial power:

A country

has to become a nation

.

Nations are

stable, united, & organized enough for imperialism

.

A nation needs

to be industrialized

.

Nations need the

technology to conquer & communicate w/ colonies

.

Slide18

Age of Imperialism

4. Requirements to become an Imperial power:

A country

has to become a nation

.

Nations are

stable, united, & organized enough for imperialism

.

A nation needs

to be industrialized

.

Nations need the

technology to conquer & communicate w/ colonies

.

A nation needs

a large & powerful military

.

Nations need the

manpower to conquer & maintain control

.

This is why only Great Britain & France could begin the Age of Imperialism, then the others.

Slide19

Age of Imperialism

5. Characteristics of the New Imperialism include:

Control of native Asian & Africans

.

A few thousand Europeans that ran the colony (bureaucrats & soldiers)

.

6. Similarities between New & Old Imperialism:

Slide20

Age of Imperialism

5. Characteristics of the New Imperialism include:

Control of native Asian & Africans

.

A few thousand Europeans that ran the colony (bureaucrats & soldiers)

.

6. Similarities between New & Old Imperialism:

Both

had colonies & trade networks

.

No extermination of native societies, no Atlantic Slave Trade.

Both

saw

Europeans harvest resources, sell goods to colonies, &

expand influence

.

This time, they wanted raw materials for Industrialization

.

Slide21

Nationalism & Imperialism

1. When European nations experienced nationalism, they had a swelling of pride in their culture. However, if every nation thinks it is the best, how do you prove it?

Slide22

Nationalism & Imperialism

1. When European nations experienced nationalism, they had a swelling of pride in their culture. However, if every nation thinks it is the best, how do you prove it?

For example, how do we prove which school is the best: U.K. or U. of L.?

How do nations prove which one is best? What are some ways they can compete?

Slide23

Nationalism & Imperialism

1. When European nations experienced nationalism, they had a swelling of pride in their culture. However, if every nation thinks it is the best, how do you prove it?

For example, how do we prove which school is the best: U.K. or U. of L.?

How do nations prove which one is best? What are some ways they can compete?

War, sports, creating empires

.

To see which nation was the best, Europeans

used imperialism to see which nation was the best (smartest, strongest, richest)

.

What places could you conquer?

Slide24

Nationalism & Imperialism

Slide25

Nationalism & Imperialism

2. The only places left to conquer were Asia & Africa. The reasons why Africa & Asia were conquerable were because Asian & African peoples…

Were divided among regional cultures

.

Regional cultures prevented a strong national GOV.

Were technologically inferior to Europeans

.

Arrows & canoes vs. guns & steamships.

Slide26

Nationalism & Imperialism

2. The only places left to conquer were Asia & Africa. The reasons why Africa & Asia were conquerable were because Asian & African peoples…

Were divided among regional cultures

.

Regional cultures prevented a strong national GOV.

Were technologically inferior to Europeans

.

Arrows & canoes vs. guns & steamships.

Did not Modernize to remain free

.

To defeat your enemy, become your enemy.

Modernization is

the process of copying a powerful nation’s TECH & culture to become stronger

.

Slide27

Nationalism & Imperialism

Advantages of Modernization?

Become economically, militarily, & technologically stronger

.

Have a stronger GOV w/ more influence & stability

.

Slide28

Nationalism & Imperialism

Advantages of Modernization?

Become economically, militarily, & technologically stronger

.

H

ave a stronger GOV w/ more influence & stability

.

Disadvantages of Modernization?

Destroys a lot of your native culture

.

Those that resist are removed from society

.

Slide29

Nationalism & Imperialism

Advantages of Modernization?

Become economically, militarily, & technologically stronger

.

Have a stronger GOV w/ more influence & stability

.

Disadvantages of Modernization?

Destroys a lot of your native culture

.

Those that resist are removed from society

.

The biggest problem with Modernization is

trying to combine your native culture w/ the more modern, foreign culture

.

Examples?

Slide30

Nationalism & Imperialism

3. In summary, the motivating factors to launch the New Imperialism were:

Economic:

European nations needed

raw materials to fuel more advanced industrialization

.

Examples of raw materials?

Slide31

Nationalism & Imperialism

3. In summary, the motivating factors to launch the New Imperialism were:

Economic:

European nations needed

raw materials to fuel more advanced industrialization

.

Examples of raw materials?

Colonies served as exporters of raw materials, but also as

importers of European goods through closed markets

.

This cycle of exporting & importing materials & goods

destroyed colonies’ native economies & robbed them of wealth & influence

.

Slide32

Nationalism & Imperialism

Political:

European nations wanted to

prove who the best was by expanding their influence

.

New Imperialism

reignited old rivalries & created new ones

.

Britain vs. France, France vs. Germany, Germany vs. Russia, Germany vs. Britain.

Slide33

Nationalism & Imperialism

Political:

European nations wanted to

prove who

the

best was

by

expanding their influence

.

New Imperialism

reignited old rivalries & created new ones

.

Britain vs. France, France vs. Germany, Germany vs. Russia, Germany vs. Britain.

Many nations wished to

secure their share of Africa & Asia before their rival did

.

This

race or

“scramble” to imperialize spread quickly across Africa & Asia.

Before this time, most Asia & African peoples voluntarily isolated themselves from European influence.

Slide34

Nationalism & Imperialism

Cultural:

European nations justified imperialism to their peoples by claiming to

civilize native people with European culture

.

How do you think Africa & Asian people reacted to Europeans trying to assimilate them?

Europeans civilized the natives by teaching them

European customs, religion, &

GOV

.

This was called the

White Man’s Burden

.

Slide35

Nationalism & Imperialism

Cultural:

European nations justified imperialism to their peoples by claiming to

civilize native people with European culture

.

How did Africans &

Asians react

to Europeans trying to assimilate them?

Europeans

civilized the natives by teaching them

European customs, religion, &

GOV

.

This was called the

White Man’s Burden

.

European GOV’s justified this cultural genocide w/ a new philosophy called

Social Darwinism

.

Superior peoples will pass on their culture to inferior peoples; Survival of the Fittest in society

.

Slide36

Nationalism & Imperialism

4. As a result of these motivating factors, Imperialism caused

militarism

:

increase in the size of the military to prepare for a coming war

.

With larger militaries,

most Europeans feared the balance of power would be broken

.

Slide37

Nationalism & Imperialism

4. As a result of these motivating factors, Imperialism caused

militarism

:

increase in the size of the military to prepare for a coming war

.

With larger militaries,

most Europeans feared the balance of power would be broken

.

To maintain the balance of power, European nations

made alliances to discourage a rival from starting a war or face a world-wide conflict

.

Slide38

Nationalism & Imperialism

4

. As a result of these motivating factors, Imperialism

caused

militarism

:

increase in the size of the military to prepare for a coming war

.

With larger militaries,

most Europeans feared the balance of power would be broken

.

To maintain the balance of power, European nations

made alliances to discourage a rival from starting a war or face a world-wide conflict

.

This fear of war would come true in 1914 with the start of

World War I, the first global war made possible by nationalism, imperialism, & militarism

.

Slide39

European Imperialism (1914)

Slide40

British Imperialism (1914)

Slide41

Imperialism in the Classroom

The next we will do is the Imperialism Activity. This activity will place you in group with the task of dividing the United States of America.

Each group will have ten (10) turns to pick a state they wish to conquer.

Each time your group chooses a state to conquer your group must explain why you conquered it.

This could be for cultural, economic, or political reasons.

If you do not have a good enough reason, then I will deny your conquest.

Your goal is to build the strongest empire you can & try to connect colonies to one another!

Determining whose empire is strongest will be decided by an impartial judge (Mr. Wilkinson) later on in the day!

Slide42

Imperialism in the Classroom

Slide43

Slide44

Slide45