Powering and puzzling over climate adaptation governance

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interactive framing as an alternative understanding of climate adaptation governance. 22-03-2012, Martijn Vink. Objective. What I’m going to tell:. Alternative approach to the understanding of climate adaptation governance. ID: 420186 Download Presentation

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Powering and puzzling over climate adaptation governance




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Slide1

Powering and puzzling over climate adaptation governance

interactive framing as an alternative understanding of climate adaptation governance

22-03-2012, Martijn Vink

Slide2

Objective

What I’m going to tell:

Alternative approach to the understanding of climate adaptation governance

Which we think is more adequate in explaining its wicked

nature:

Puzzling

over ambiguity

Powering over interests

Interactive framing

representing the interplay

Slide3

Outline

Governance of climate change adaptation

Review climate adaptation governance literature

Analyses of the literature

Comparison with governance literature

Proposing an alternative theoretical approach for a better understanding of climate adaptation governance

Explain this framework by the example of the Delta Programme Lake

IJssel

Slide4

Governance of climate adaptation

Ambiguous knowledge base

Long term

Wide variety of stakeholders, perceptions, interests, etc.

Public

Private

Often problematic

Rapidly growing body of scientific literature

But in the Netherlands the issue disappeared from governmental agreement

How to understand this wickedness, what does the literature say?

Ideational / Political: knowledge

/ values; ideas / interests; learning / powering ?etc.

Adequate understanding of wickedness?

Alternative understanding?

Slide5

Literature review (1)

Overview of the relative amount of literature available on climate adaptation governance

Query

Nr. publications in Scopus

TITLE-ABS-KEY("climate change" OR "global warming")

108629

TITLE-ABS-KEY("climate change" OR "global warming" AND adapt*)

8680

TITLE-ABS-KEY("climate change" OR "global warming" AND adapt* AND govern*)

842

TITLE-ABS-KEY("climate change" OR "global warming" AND adapt* AND govern* AND power OR interest* AND idea* OR learn*)

11

Slide6

Literature review (2)

In-depth review of climate adaptation governance literature addressing both ideational and political aspects of climate adaptation governance

Query

Nr. publications in Scopus

ALL("climate change" OR "global warming") AND adaptation AND governance AND (interests OR power*) AND (idea* OR learn*)

574

Slide7

Literature review (3)

From 574 to 160 relevant publications (Climate adaptation governance as primary focus)

Slide8

Analyses of the literature (1)

Despite the general ideas about ‘wicked problems’ in the field of public administration and political science

A majority of climate adaptation governance literature pictures the issue as rather ideational and ‘tame’.

Reviewing the literature yields a mosaic off ideational ‘issues’ advocated for.

Implying a solvable puzzle

Is this puzzle solvable?

Slide9

Comparison with public administration and political science literature (1)

P

ublic administration and political literature not so sure

Wicked problems as unsolvable or at most partly solvable, or re-solvable

Example: Delta Programme

Started with ‘climate change’ committee

Delta Programme

N

ew political reality

R

eframing climate change

N

ew goals; new interests served

Slide10

Comparison with public administration and political science literature (2)

A majority of climate adaptation governance literature risks to strand in a ideational ‘trap’ of technocracy:

Narrowing down problem definition

Focus on issue advocacy

Less focus on understanding of ‘governance’

Isolation and lack of legitimacy

Slide11

Alternative approach to climate adaptation governance: Powering and Puzzling over re-solvable puzzles.

Climate change, macro economic policy, welfare state development or European Unification:

Ambiguity: between future

making

and future

taking

Long term issues

Prone to controversy

Literature:

Interplay between ideas and interests

Agents puzzle and power

Slide12

Alternative approach to climate adaptation governance: Powering and Puzzling over re-solvable puzzles.

Example:

Puzzling over ambiguity for

Delta Decisions

in Lake Ijssel:

what are the possible consequences of climate change for the Lake Ijssel area?

For whom, when, where, how much?

Powering to puzzle; what is at stake? And for whom?

Over what will be decided, by whom?

Who is included in the puzzling, national bureaucrats or local decision makers?

Puzzling to power:

National water safety, or regional spatial development?

Who

pays the bill for whom; “Doing nothing isn’t an option” or “Let’s wait and see”

Governance as a resource to power, or rather phoning

T

he Hague

Slide13

Alternative approach to climate adaptation governance:Interactive framing as interplay between powering and puzzling

Example:

“Doing

nothing isn’t an option”

or

“Let’s wait and see

Different frames, or problem definitions:

Ontology; what ‘is’

Normative leap; what ‘ought’

Interactive framing in governance:

Agents interacting, and negotiating over what ‘is’ and what ‘ought’

‘Meaning between the noses’

Interactive framing: ‘puzzling’

Choosing a frame, choosing a partner to interact: ‘powering’

Staging a frame: powering to puzzle or puzzling to power

Slide14

Concluding reflections

Relatively little attention for climate adaptation governance in climate science

Majority of climate adaptation governance literature has an ideational focus:

Describing climate adaptation as a ‘tame problem’ or ‘solvable puzzle’

Risking technocracy, and lacking legitimacy in governance reality

For understanding climate adaptation governance not only ideas matter, also interests.

Approaching climate adaptation governance as agents

powering

over interests and

puzzling

over ideas might help our understanding of the constant re-solving of climate impacts

Interactive framing theory provides a promising guideline for grasping the interplay of powering and puzzling in climate adaptation governance

Slide15

Propositions to stir debate

Majority

of climate adaptation governance literature has an ideational focus

and will ultimately lead to technocracy and a lack of legitimacy

The politics of climate adaptation is understudied

Climate adaptation governance is in essence comparable to any other governance over long term public goods like pensions or macro economic policy

Slide16

Thanks!

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