Unit Four: Chapter 16 Place the words below in Alphabetical Order - PowerPoint Presentation

Unit Four: Chapter 16 Place the words below in Alphabetical Order
Unit Four: Chapter 16 Place the words below in Alphabetical Order

Unit Four: Chapter 16 Place the words below in Alphabetical Order - Description


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Slide1

Unit Four: Chapter 16Place the words below in Alphabetical Order

pique

buoyant

parochial

incorrigible

marred

satirical

partisan

inexorable

irrefutable

enervateSlide2

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

adjective

• Helium balloons are buoyant because the helium gas in them is lighter than air. • To help her daughter float in the pool, Barbara bought her a swimsuit that has a buoyant tube around the waist.

Buoyant meansA. capable of floating. B. tending to sink. C. invisible.

1 buoyant

Photos:

NASA (top), Marilyn Peddle (bottom)Slide3

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

adjective

• Helium balloons are buoyant because the helium gas in them is lighter than air. • To help her daughter float in the pool, Barbara bought her a swimsuit that has a buoyant tube around the waist.

Buoyant meansA. capable of floating. B. tending to sink. C. invisible.

1 buoyant

Photos:

NASA (top), Marilyn Peddle (bottom)

Balloons are

capable of floating

in air.

A tube that is

capable

of floating

in water could help a child float in a pool.Slide4

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

2

enervate

– verb• The doctor warned me that my husband’s medication might enervate him. “While he’s taking it,” she said, “just let him rest as much as he needs to.”

• The heat wave completely enervated Janine. By the sixth day of 90-degree temperatures, she could barely drag herself out of bed. Enervate meansA. to frighten. B.

to exhaust. C. to awaken.Slide5

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

2

enervate

– verb• The doctor warned me that my husband’s medication might enervate him. “While he’s taking it,” she said, “just let him rest as much as he needs to.”

• The heat wave completely enervated Janine. By the sixth day of 90-degree temperatures, she could barely drag herself out of bed. Enervate meansA. to frighten. B.

to exhaust. C. to

awaken.

The word

rest

suggests that the medicine might

exhaust

the patient. If Janine could barely drag herself out of bed, she must have been

exhausted

. Slide6

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

3

incorrigible

adjective• The dog trainer shook her head in frustration. “I’ll give you your money back,” she told Prince’s owners. “This dog is incorrigible. I can’t teach him a thing.” •

Jake has lost many friends because he is such an incorrigible practical joker. He hides frogs in people’s beds, puts tacks on their chairs, and sprinkles “sneezing powder” on their food. Incorrigible meansA. incurable. B. intelligent.

C. influential. Slide7

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

3

incorrigible

adjective• The dog trainer shook her head in frustration. “I’ll give you your money back,” she told Prince’s owners. “This dog is incorrigible. I can’t teach him a thing.” •

Jake has lost many friends because he is such an incorrigible practical joker. He hides frogs in people’s beds, puts tacks on their chairs, and sprinkles “sneezing powder” on their food. Incorrigible meansA. incurable. B. intelligent.

C. influential.

If even a

professional trainer couldn’t teach the dog to be more manageable, then his misbehavior was incurable. If Jake didn’t stop playing tricks even after his pranks cost him many friends,

then

he was an

incurable

practical joker. Slide8

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

4

inexorable

– adjective• Although my grandmother is still in pretty good health, old age is taking its slow, inexorable toll on her.

• The Martins have an inexorable rule against smoking in their home—no one is allowed to do it, ever. Inexorable meansA. lenient. B. unyielding.

C. not exact. Slide9

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

4

inexorable

– adjective• Although my grandmother is still in pretty good health, old age is taking its slow, inexorable toll on her.

• The Martins have an inexorable rule against smoking in their home—no one is allowed to do it, ever. Inexorable meansA. lenient. B. unyielding.

C. not exact.

The effects of old age are

unyielding; not even good health can forever prevent the damage and decline caused by the aging process. If no one ever is allowed to smoke in the house, then the no-smoking rule is unyielding

. Slide10

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

5

irrefutable

– adjective• “It’s irrefutable!” Mike said. “I saw it with my own eyes in a magazine at the supermarket! Humans are definitely being kidnapped by aliens from Saturn!”

• Although many people claim to have seen the Loch Ness monster, no one has ever come up with irrefutable proof that any such creature exists. Irrefutable meansA. easy to understand. B. unprejudiced.

C. indisputable. Slide11

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

5

irrefutable

– adjective• “It’s irrefutable!” Mike said. “I saw it with my own eyes in a magazine at the supermarket! Humans are definitely being kidnapped by aliens from Saturn!”

• Although many people claim to have seen the Loch Ness monster, no one has ever come up with irrefutable proof that any such creature exists. Irrefutable meansA. easy to understand. B. unprejudiced.

C. indisputable.

Mike thinks the evidence that aliens are kidnapping humans is “definitely” true and

indisputable

because he saw it in a magazine. Claims about a monster are contrasted with

indisputable

proof of its existence.

Slide12

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

6

marred

verb• The shore, once so peaceful and lovely, is now marred by a row of fast-food stands. •

The automobile company’s reputation was marred when it was learned that executives had ignored a dangerous problem with the cars’ brakes. Marred meansA. improved. B. disguised.

C. damaged.

Photo:

Roger McLachlanSlide13

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

6

marred

verb• The shore, once so peaceful and lovely, is now marred by a row of fast-food stands. •

The automobile company’s reputation was marred when it was learned that executives had ignored a dangerous problem with the cars’ brakes. Marred meansA. improved. B. disguised.

C. damaged.

Photo: Roger McLachlan

The peaceful natural shoreline was damaged by

commercial businesses

.

The company’s reputation was

damaged

by its executives’ negligence.Slide14

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

7

parochial

– adjective• Many young people arrive at college with little knowledge of the world, but meeting students and instructors from other places and other cultures helps them overcome their parochial outlook.

• Aunt Violet is interested only in her small circle of family and friends. When we tell her she has a parochial attitude, she says, “I don’t know about other people, and I don’t care.” Parochial meansA. timid. B. limited.

C. lacking enthusiasm. Slide15

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

7

parochial

– adjective• Many young people arrive at college with little knowledge of the world, but meeting students and instructors from other places and other cultures helps them overcome their parochial outlook.

• Aunt Violet is interested only in her small circle of family and friends. When we tell her she has a parochial attitude, she says, “I don’t know about other people, and I don’t care.” Parochial meansA. timid. B. limited.

C. lacking enthusiasm.

If first year students have little knowledge of the world, then their outlooks are

limited. Since the aunt limits her interest and concern to only a small circle of people, her attitude toward people is limited

.Slide16

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

8

partisan

adjective• The League of Women Voters is not partisan. In every election, it remains neutral and provides information about all the candidates.• Rachel’s highly

partisan comments sometimes annoy her friends, but her strong views might make her a real asset to a debating team. Partisan meansA. uncaring. B. objective. C.

one-sided. Slide17

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

8

partisan

adjective• The League of Women Voters is not partisan. In every election, it remains neutral and provides information about all the candidates.• Rachel’s highly

partisan comments sometimes annoy her friends, but her strong views might make her a real asset to a debating team. Partisan meansA. uncaring. B. objective. C. one-sided.

If the League of Women Voters is politically neutral, it is not

one-sided

. Rachel annoys her friends by making one-sided comments that express her strong views.Slide18

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

9

pique

– noun• When her husband told her that she talked too much, a Frenchwoman retorted, “Very well; I’ll never talk again.” Her pique lasted the rest of her life; despite the pleas of her family, she went to her grave still silent.

• Macy’s art project got more attention than Laila’s. Out of pique, Laila told people that Macy had stolen the idea for the project from someone else. Pique meansA. a sense of injury. B. a sense of duty.

C. a sense of humor.Slide19

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

9

pique

– noun• When her husband told her that she talked too much, a Frenchwoman retorted, “Very well; I’ll never talk again.” Her pique lasted the rest of her life; despite the pleas of her family, she went to her grave still silent.

• Macy’s art project got more attention than Laila’s. Out of pique, Laila told people that Macy had stolen the idea for the project from someone else. Pique meansA. a sense of injury. B. a sense of duty.

C. a sense of humor.

The woman must have felt

a strong sense of injury if her pride was so wounded by her husband’s remark that she never spoke another word. Laila must

have felt

a

strong

sense of injury

if she resented the other artist’s success so much that she accused her of plagiarism.Slide20

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

10

satirical

– adjective• The TV shows The Colbert Report and The Daily Show with Jon Stewart take a satirical

look at current events, mixing political criticism with humor.• The governor was angry about a satirical article in the newspaper that amused readers by making fun of his many broken promises. Satirical meansA. admiring. B. c

riticizing through ridiculeC.

boring.

Photo: Infrogmation of New OrleansSlide21

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXTChoose the meaning closest to that of the

boldfaced

word.

10

satirical

– adjective• The TV shows The Colbert Report and The Daily Show with Jon Stewart take a satirical

look at current events, mixing political criticism with humor.• The governor was angry about a satirical article in the newspaper that amused readers by making fun of his many broken promises. Satirical meansA. admiring. B.

criticizing through ridicule.C.

boring.

Photo: Infrogmation of New Orleans

The phrase “criticism with humor” suggests the shows are

criticizing

events

through ridicule

.

The article making fun of the governor’s failures was

criticizing

him

through

ridicule

.

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