November 27 2018 Miguel Acosta Chief Autonomous Vehicles Branch California Department of Motor Vehicles Safety 37133 people killed in crashes on US roadways 2017 30 of fatalities attributed to alcoholimpaired driving ID: 759567 Download Presentation
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November 27, 2018. Miguel Acosta. Chief, Autonomous Vehicles Branch. California Department of Motor Vehicles. Safety. 37,133 . people killed in crashes on U.S. roadways (. 2017). 30% of fatalities attributed to alcohol-impaired driving.
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Autonomous Vehicles in California
Presentation on theme: "Autonomous Vehicles in California"— Presentation transcript:
Autonomous Vehicles in California
November 27, 2018
Miguel AcostaChief, Autonomous Vehicles BranchCalifornia Department of Motor Vehicles
people killed in crashes on U.S. roadways (
2017)30% of fatalities attributed to alcohol-impaired driving10% because of distracted driving27% due to speeding-related crashes18% were non-occupants (pedestrians, cyclists, etc.)Estimated that 94% of fatalities due to human choice~7K injured per dayMobilityEfficiency (Time, resources, traffic flow, land use, etc.)Source: NHTSA National Center for Statistics and Analysis
Why Autonomous Vehicles?
The federal government, through the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), is responsible for ensuring
vehicles. State governments, in contrast, are responsible for ensuring the safe operation of vehicles on public roads.
Automated Driving Systems 2.0: A Vision For Safety
California Vehicle Code
VC Section 38750:Defines key termsDevelops regulations for the testing and operation of autonomous vehicles on public roadwaysOutlines requirements the department concludes are necessary to ensure the safe operation of autonomous vehicles.
that has the capability to drive a vehicle without the active
physical control or monitoring by a human operator.“Autonomous vehicle”: any vehicle equipped with autonomous technology that has been integrated into that vehicle.
California’s Definition of Autonomous Vehicle
A (Very) Brief History of California AV Regulation
Senate Bill 1298 authorizes the DMV to adopt regulations for the operation of autonomous vehicles in California.
First set of regulations governing how manufacturers could test autonomous vehicles (with a driver) on California roads went into effect.
April 2, 2018:
can begin approving
applications for autonomous vehicle testing without a driver and deployment (public use).
Testing with a driver
Testing without a driver
Deployment (public use)
Title 13, Division 1, Chapter 1 Article 3.7 –
Testing of Autonomous Vehicles
Regulations Summary: Testing with a Driver
$5 million in insurance, bond, or self-insurance
Test driver requirements:
No DUI, not an at-fault driver, and no more than 1 point
Successful completion of test driver training programEmployee, contractor, or designee of manufacturerTest driver must be seated in driver seat during testingReport any accident within 10 daysReport unanticipated disengagements of autonomous technology annuallyTesting permit valid for two yearsVehicles excluded from testing:Commercial vehicles> 10,000 lbs GVWMotorcycles
$5 million insurance, bond, or self-insurance
Communication link with the remote operator.
Process to display or communicate vehicle owner or operator information to a law enforcement officer.
AV complies with all FMVSS and CVC Div. 12 (Equipment of Vehicles), or NHTSA has approved an exemption.Meets the description of level 4 or 5 automated driving system. Law enforcement interaction plan Remote operators + training programPassengers that are not employees/contractors will be notified what personal information, if any, may be collected and how it will be used. Annual report of disengagements to the DMV. Report collision resulting in damage of property, bodily injury, or death to DMV within 10 days. No charging of a fee or receiving other compensation for providing a ride to members of the public.
Regulations Summary: Testing
Approved Testing Permits Today (64)
Approved Driverless Testing Permits (1)
Fleet – 39
Operational Design Domain
Level 4 Automation
Minimal Risk Condition
Freeways, highways, city streets, rural roads, and parking lotsUp to 65 mphExcludes heavy rainAll times of day and night
active permits to test with a driver
active permit to test without a driver647 autonomous vehicles permitted
California by the Numbers
Current state of AV testing in California:
Manufacturers required to submit an annual report to DMV
-Circumstances or testing conditions
-Description of the facts causing the Disengagement
-Party that initiated the Disengagement (Autonomous Technology, Test Driver, Remote Operator)
*these numbers do not include testing by companies that did not submit disengagement reports
Autonomous Miles Reported- 2017
Top Three in 2017:Waymo = 352,545 milesGM Cruise = 131,675Drive.Ai = 6,572 miles
Greatest Increase in MPD over the 2017 Reporting Period
= Increase of 25,279 MPD over 12 months
GM Cruise = Increase of 4,261 MPD over 12 monthsZoox = Increase of 149 MPD over 9 months
Top Causes of Disengagement:
Other road user behaving poorly Traffic light detection; Pedestrian traffic Undesired motion planning behavior AV system fails and requires driver to take over Distance keeping problem Unwanted maneuver of the vehicle