“‘Dem - Description

wuz. good ole times, . marster. – de . bes. ’ Sam . uver. see! . Dey. . wuz. , in . fac. ! Niggers . didn. ’ . hed. . nothin. ’ ‘t all to do – . jes. ’ . hed. to ‘ten’ to de . ID: 461286 Download Presentation

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wuz. good ole times, . marster. – de . bes. ’ Sam . uver. see! . Dey. . wuz. , in . fac. ! Niggers . didn. ’ . hed. . nothin. ’ ‘t all to do – . jes. ’ . hed. to ‘ten’ to de .

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wuz good ole times, marster – de bes’ Sam uver see! Dey wuz, in fac! Niggers didn’ hed nothin’ ‘t all to do – jes’ hed to ‘ten’ to de feedin’ an’ cleanin’ de hawses, an’ doin’ what de marster tell ‘em to do.”Thomas Nelson Page, Ole Virginia (1896)

Problem 1: Romanticizing Plantation Life


Problem 2: Racial Stereotypes

Illustration of “The Wonderful Tar Baby Story”Uncle Remus and the Legends of the Old Plantation (1881), Joel Chandler Harris



Charles Chesnutt

(1858 – 1932)

1858 Born in Cleveland

1867 Moves to Fayetteville, NX

1878 marries and moves to NYC to

Escape the poverty of the South


Conjure Woman



The Conjure Woman: Background• Set in prewar and postwar North Carolina• Subverts plantation lit. tradition• How? Obliquely.


“There is a definite social relation between men, that assumes, in their eyes, the fantastic form of a relation between things. In order, therefore, to find an analogy, we must have recourse to the mist-enveloped regions of the religious world. In that world the productions of the human brain appear as independent beings endowed with life, and entering into relation both with one another and the human race. So it is in the world of commodities with the products of men’s hands. This I call the Fetishism which attaches itself to the products of


, so soon as they are produced as commodities, and which is therefore inseparable from the production of commodities

-Marx “The Fetishism”




is just as properly measured by time, as commodity-producing


; but every serf knows that what he expends in the service of his lord, is a definite quantity of his own personal


power. […] No matter what we may think of the parts played by the different classes of people themselves in this society, the social relations between individuals in the performance of their


, appear at all events as their own mutual personal relations, and are not disguised under the shape of social relations between the products of