MESOPOTAMIA SWBAT Identify primary and secondary sources
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MESOPOTAMIA SWBAT Identify primary and secondary sources

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MESOPOTAMIA SWBAT Identify primary and secondary sources




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Slide1

MESOPOTAMIA

SWBAT

Identify primary and secondary sources

Use AP PARTS to analyze a primary source & describe how this primary source helps us understand Sumerian society

Slide2

Civilization Bell Work 9/4

What does it mean to be called civilized? What does it mean to be called a savage?

Slide3

7 Features of Civilization

What do you think makes a civilization?

1. Organized Government

2. Complex Religion

3. Job Specialization

4.Social Classes5.Arts & Architecture6.Public Works7.Writing

Slide4

Famous example of

sedentary

society

Çatul

Hüyük, 6700-5700

B.CIt was a walled Neolithic community sustained by food surpluses enabling Religion, specialization of labor, government, writing, etc…

Slide5

Today

Take out your civilization chart, compare your answers with your neighbor and finish up anything that you haven’t completed

By the end of today you should be able to

Distinguish between secondary and primary sources

Explain the purpose & implications of Hammurabi's code

Slide6

Notes – Mesopotamia & AP PARTS – 9/5/14

Copy the following into your notebook

Primary Source-

A primary source is a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study

.

These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event

Secondary Source - A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. Secondary sources may have pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources in them

Slide7

IDENTIFY THAT SOURCE!

Slide8

Slide9

APParts

– How to Break down Documents in AP

A

UTHOR: Who

created the source? What do you know about the author?

What is the author’s point of view? PLACE AND TIME : Where

and when was the source produced? How might this affect the meaning of the source? PRIOR KNOWLEDGE : Beyond information about the author and the context of its creation, what do you know that would help you further understand the primary source? For example, do you recognize any symbols and recall what they represent?

AUDIENCE: For whom was the source created and how might this affect the reliability of the source? REASON : Why was this source created at the time it was produced? THE MAIN IDEA: What point is the source trying to convey?

SIGNIFICANCE Why is this source important? What inferences can you draw from this document? Ask yourself, “So what?” in relation to the question asked.

Slide10

AP PARTS Practice – Code of Hammurabi

Read the primary source on page 11 in your book and work through the AP PARTS sheet

Once you’ve finished compare notes with the person next to you

Slide11

Bell Work 9/9

Mesopotamia

WH

You are the king of Mesopotamia sent by the god Shamash to rule its people. You live in the capital city of Babylon which is located right between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. After decades of bountiful harvests the population of the city has skyrocketed. The people have been hard-working; many have left the farms due to the surplus of crops to start new businesses. The city now has merchants, artists, blacksmiths, scribes, warriors and even street entertainers who dance, tell jokes or do magic for passersby. Unfortunately

though this years harvest was ruined by a devastating flood. People who were once peaceful and joyous towards their neighbors have turned on one another and the city has been engulfed in a wave of crime. Your city officials have come to you for answers, what would you do?

Slide12

Bell Work 9/9 AC

How do you think your environment affects you as a person?

Think about it, how do you think people from wealthier areas grow up compared to people from poorer areas? How do people from urban areas (big cities) grow up differently than people in rural areas (farming towns)

Slide13

Mesopotamian Environment

Located in the Middle East in modern day Iraq between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

Unpredictable floods

No natural borders – people had to build walls to defend from invaders

Had to use irrigation to bring water to dry land

Not many natural resources

Question:

How could Mesopotamia's environment

have influenced the civilization?

Slide14

Regional Problems

Kingdoms of Mesopotamia

A kingdom occurs during a period

of

stability, with strong rulers and

cultural

growth – called dynasties

Sumerians – the 1

st

Civilization 3300 BC- 2300 BC

1. Made up of several independent city -states 2. Each city state responsible for their own walls, irrigation, tax collection

Kings Ruled by

DIVINE RIGHT

“You in your judgment, you are the son of

Anu

; your commands, like the word of god cannot be reversed; your words like rain pouring down from the heavens are without number

Society was structured in a Hierarchy

City State

City State

City State

City State

City State

City State

City State

City State

City State

Kings

Priests & Nobles

Merchants & Artisans

Farmers

Slide15

Ziggurats

1. Built to keep gods happy.

2. Used for social events – animal sacrifices ,religious ceremonies & for defense against in coming armies

Slide16

Bell Work 9/10 Take out the worksheet from yesterday and compare answers with your neighbor

Based on the graph, explain in detail what occurred around 10,000 years ago

Why do you think the first evidence of recorded laws are from about 4,000 years ago?

Slide17

Ancient Civilization 9/10 - QUIZ

You have a quiz, you have 5 minutes to look over your vocabulary. It will then be collected. Once you finish come place your quiz in the tray on the front table and grab a marker. In the mean time I have posted what will need to be in your notebooks below.

Things you should have in your notebook include:

Moon landing Bell Work

Origin Story Notes 8/27

Near East Homework #1 (1.1 FOR WORLD HISTORY)

Bell Work & Notes - Neolithic Revolution 9/2/14 (cartoon as well)Bell Work 9/3/14 – Zombie Apocalypse Civilization Bell Work 9/4 (Civilized vs. Savage)Bell Work 9/9 Mesopotamia & NotesNear East #2 ( 1.3 FOR WORLD HISTOTRY)

Slide18

Empires come and Go

Akkadian

Empire 2300-1800 BC

Started by Sargon when he conquered all of the surrounding Sumerian city states

Babylonian Empire 1790- 1400 BC

Hammurabi establishes a code of law “Eye for an Eye”“if a house collapsed because of poor construction the houses builder could be put to death”

What would it be like if we had laws like that today?Hittites 1400 – 1200 BC Develop iron working – Iron swords are stronger than bronzeWhy do you think so many empires came and fell in Mesopotamia?

Slide19

Mesopotamian Religion

1. Pessimistic - saw

the gods as

cruel & angry

2. Polytheistic

– believed in many gods and goddesses3. Afterlife- Everyone lived in a grim underworld from which there was no release “

The place where they live on dust, their food is mud, and they see no light living in blackness.”4. Divination – arose to discover the purposes/desires of the gods & took a variety of forms, from animal sacrifices to analyzing smoke patterns from incense

Slide20

Open Book Quiz – 2/6/14

you have 15 minutes to answer the following – in complete sentences.

1

. Describe the "Miracle of the Nile."

2

. What were the 3 periods of Egyptian history characterized by? (in essence, what did they have in common that made them worthy of being called the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms) 3

. Explain the role of the vizier.4. How was the role of the pharaoh different during the Middle Kingdom?5. Describe how the story of Osiris symbolically represented the flooding of the Nile.

Slide21

Bell Work 9/11 World History

TAKE OUT YOUR HOMEWORK SO I CAN CHECK IT IN!

Describe the social classes of MacArthur High School, who do you believe to be at the top of the social pyramid? Who is at the bottom?

Also, Write your name in Hieroglyphs!

Slide22

Mesopotamian Social Patterns

1. Social

Classes/

Hierarchy

Most people were

farmers2. Cuneiform wedge writing3. Women had some rights but were not equal with men

4. Created the wheel, plow & were the first to use bronze & Iron - also 1st to come up with TAXES!

Kings

Priests & NoblesMerchants & Artisans

Farmers

Slide23

Note Book Check! – Ancient Civilizations & World History

Things you should have in your notebook include:

Moon landing Bell Work

Origin Story

Notes 8/27

Near East Homework #1 (1.1 FOR WORLD HISTORY)Bell Work & Notes - Neolithic Revolution 9/2/14 (cartoon as well)Bell Work 9/3/14 – Zombie Apocalypse

Civilization Bell Work 9/4 (Civilized vs. Savage)Bell Work 9/9 Mesopotamia & NotesNear East #2 ( 1.3 FOR WORLD HISTOTRY)

Slide24

Egypt’s

Environment

Located in Africa

Civilization grew up along the Nile River

The Sahara Desert is a natural barrier to the west

The Red Sea is a natural barrier to the east

The Mediterranean Sea is a natural barrier to the north

How could those landforms have influenced the civilization?

Red SeaMediterranean Sea

Slide25

Kingdoms of Egypt

Pharaoh

Periods of Stability, strong pharaohs and cultural growth – called dynasties

Old Kingdom (2686-2125 BC)

1. Egyptian kings called Pharaohs organize a strong central state

2. Pharaohs were thought of as gods in the flesh

3. They used a

bureaucracy to control their kingdomsViziers = Managers (think adviser)4. Great Construction Projects - the PyramidsThe Middle Kingdom 2055-1650

New Kingdom 1567-1100

VizierFarming

Tax Collection

Construction

Vizier

Irrigation

Trade

Slide26

Pyramids

- 1. Built to be the eternal resting place of the Pharaoh's

-They would be buried with everything they needed

-Mummification

Slide27

Egyptian Religion

1. Optimistic- saw the gods as kind & helpful

2. Polytheistic – believed in many gods and goddesses

3. Afterlife

- Gods promised eternal life after death so long as a person could prove themselves to Osiris

Mummification They would remove all of the organs and save them in jars, except the brain which they pulled out through the nose and tossed in the garbage. Then the wrap the body.

Slide28

Slide29

Egyptian Social Patterns

Social

Classes/

Hierarchy

Most people were farmers2. Hieroglyphs- Egyptian picture writing3. Used Geometry & developed a Calendar4. Medical- could fix broken bones, take heart rate & had some surgeries5. Women had the same rights as men

Slide30

Bell Work 9/16

Egyptian Odds &

Ends AC

Imagine that when Barack Obama was elected president he outlawed all religions and tried to force everyone to treat him as the son of a new god. What would your reaction be?

Slide31

Bell Work 9/16 Compare & contrast Egypt and Mesopotamia W.C.

What is one similarity and one difference between the two Empires of Egypt and Mesopotamia?

Also take one from the folder and one Venn Diagram.

Slide32

The Three Kingdoms of Egypt

Old Kingdom –

Ended with a series of droughts that caused people to lose faith in the Pharaoh which caused

devolution

or the decline of central authority

Intermediate Period- kings of individual cities compete for powerMiddle Kingdom-Begins with the rule of

Mentuhotep Pharaoh becomes a “shepherd of the people”Religion becomes more important, the people worship Re – the son godOsiris – God of the dead and judgmentIsis – the wife of Osiris Ends when the Hyksos, a Semitic speaking people invade Egypt

Slide33

The Three Kingdoms of Egypt

The Hyksos bring new military tech. that the Egyptians use to throw off Hyksos domination

New tech = horse drawn chariot, heavier swords and compound bows.

Pharaoh

Ahmose

expels the Hyksos & begins the New KingdomHatshepsut- Egypt’s most famous female

pharaoh goes on to expand the borders of Egypt into new territory in search of gold and slavesAmhenotep III (Ahmose’s great – great –great Grandson) faces a military challenge from the Hittites in the north

Slide34

The New Kingdom – When Egypt Got Weird

Ahmenhotep

IV introduces the worship of Aten, god of the Sun-disk & changes his name to Aten

Moves capitol from Thebes to a new city called

Akhetaten

Dies mysteriously & is replaced by the boy king Tutankhamun who returns the government to Thebes and restores the old gods.The empire declines from there and is eventually conquered by a group of Indo-Europeans from the Caucus region north of the black sea who were the first to use Iron weapons.

Slide35

Aten and the Hebrew Bible

Page 25

Slide36