Think Feet!

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Think Feet!

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Think Feet!

Small steps to healthy feet


Foot facts!

You put one and a half times your body weight through your foot with each step you takeA pair of feet have around 250,000 sweat glandsIn a lifetime the average person walks more than 100,000 miles = more than 4 times around the circumference of the globe


Common foot conditions

Toenail problems:fungal infectionsThickenedIn-growing


Common foot conditions

Deformity – hammer toes, bunions


Common foot conditions

Athletes footCan be treated with antifungal cream, spray or gel such as Lamisil


Common foot conditions

Corns and CallusCaused by pressure from shoes or high pressure on the soles of feet when walking


The aging foot

Changes to the foot shape -

toe deformities due to muscle wasting and ligament changes

Some flattening of the foot leads to it lengthening, altering the size of shoe that fits

Joint changes – arthritis


The aging foot…

Skin changesThinning of the skinReduced flexibilityLess fatty padding on the soles of the feetWalking pattern altersShortened stride lengthLess flexible joints


Self foot care

Good foot hygiene – washing in mild warm soapy water and drying wellSkin care – applying a moisturizing cream daily avoiding between the toes


Self foot care

Nail care – cut inline with the end of the toe OR file them once a week to keep them short, especially if difficulty seeing or reaching themDaily foot inspectionSupportive shoes



A supportive shoes should be worn for the majority of the timeLimit the use of ‘fashion’ shoes which can cause problems by not fitting the foot shape causing high pressure on the toes and balls of the feet.


What to look for….

Breaks in the skinBleeding or dark areas under hard skinInflammationWeeping area of skinUnexplained colour changesPain when you usually have loss of feelingTAKE ACTION: Cover with a dressing and seek medical advice from your GP surgery or Podiatrist


Common myths

A corn has a root so if you don’t get the root out it will re-grow

If you have diabetes you should not cut your own nails

Cutting the corners of the nail help an in-growing toenail

Soaking your feet softens the skin


How can diabetes can affect the feet?

Raised levels of glucose in the blood stream can over time lead to damage to the long nerve fibers to the feet reducing the feeling in them. This nerve damage is called:

Peripheral Neuropathy

The blood vessels down the leg supplying the foot can become narrowed (furred up) leading to poor circulation:

Peripheral Vascular Disease


Lack of feeling can lead to unnoticed damage which can in turn if left untreated can lead to foot ulcerationLack of blood supply reduces healing of damaged skinInfection can be difficult to recognize and treat. If not controlled can cause severe damage to the tissues. This can lead to amputation

How can nerve damage and poor circulation affect the feet?


Infection developed in an open wound under their toe which had to be amputated to stop it spreading further

Diabetes and your feet

This person has diabetes and can not feel pain from their feet


DiabetesIf you someone has diabetes at their annual diabetes review both feet should be checked for signs of changes

Testing the sensation with a nylon filament

Diabetes and your feet


Checking the blood supply to the feet by feeling for pulsesLooking for deformities and skin changesChecking footwear suits your foot shape


What does a Podiatrist do?

Assess, diagnose and treat disorders and diseases the affect the foot.

The title ‘Podiatrist’ is protected and means that they have undertaken a university degree and are registered with the Health Professions Council which is a regulating body

NHS Podiatry provide a service for people who are at high risk of developing foot problems


Think Feet!

Basic foot care can maintain healthy feetPreventing foot problems and early recognition can reduce the risk of developing more severe conditionsIf you have diabetes and your annual foot check shows signs of a problem a podiatry assessment and agreed care plan is important

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