19.5 Global Peacemaker
Presentations text content in 19.5 Global Peacemaker
19.5 Global PeacemakerSlide2
Wilson’s program for reaching peace was known as the
It involved: self-determination, reduction of militarism, removal of trade barriers, etc.Slide3
Paris Peace Conference
Wilson did not want war reparations, just wanted Europe to handle disputes peacefully.
Big four: David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau,
Orlando, and Wilson.
Lenin did not come.Slide4
He did sign a Treaty of Friendship with Germany.
Wilson’s ultimate goal was to establish a
League of Nations.
Article 10 was the heart of the plan, “a attack on one member of the league would be attack on all.”
Senators did not want to be dragged into future European conflicts.Slide5
The Peace Treaty
The French wanted harsh penalties from Germany.
The allies began taking Germany’s territories in the Middle East.
Allies also wanted Germany to pay $30bil in war reparations, couldn’t pay (seeds to WWII).Slide6
Reactions at Home
Wilson received great acclaim at home, but most Senators were afraid of the League of Nations.
Wilson went on a 23 day tour of the country to promote the League.
The tour was too grueling, Wilson suffered a stroke.Slide7
By July 2, 1921 the U.S. finally agreed on a treaty and new President Harding signed it.
War spurred the U.S. economy.
the world’s largest creditor nation.
The war proved too difficult for the Britain economy and they declined as a world power.Slide8
Even though it had a new role of power, the U.S. choose to turn away from international affairs and concentrate on home.
Returning troops had a difficult time adjusting.
Minorities and women often had to give up jobs.
African troops still faced discrimination.Slide9Slide10Slide11Slide12Slide13