Bees in the Garden

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Bees in the Garden




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Presentations text content in Bees in the Garden

Slide1

Bees in the GardenPros and Cons

Patti Koranda &

Carl

Wenning

ISU Beekeeping Club

Slide2

Brought to you by the

Slide3

Pros

Products

PollinationJoy of Beekeeping

Slide4

Bee + Flower = Honey

Slide5

Honey bees…

produce honey & beeswax

gather pollen &

propolis

Slide6

What foods do you like?

Oranges?

Almonds?

Squash?

Beans?

Blueberries?

Melons?

Cucumbers?

Lemon/Lime?

Strawberries?

Apples?

Beans?

Cherries?

Tomatoes?

Slide7

Pollination Facts

75% of plants are pollinated by animals1/3 of our food depends on pollinator/plant interactionMany plants cannot reproduce without the help of pollinatorsLanding platforms helpful

Slide8

Honey Bees are Our Friends

While honey bees will sting, they do so only to protect their hives and themselves.Beekeepers who know what they are doing rarely get stung by bees even when opening a hive! Some beekeepers even “grow” bee beards!

Slide9

Cons

Bees do protect their hive or themselvesStings hurtBut it hurts the bee more; they will dieApproach a hive in protection suitBees do take some workBecome knowledgeable Your are their caretaker

Slide10

Who stung you? Could be the wasp.Which one is a honey bee?

Slide11

Beekeepers

Beekeepers keep honeybees in bee hives; a bee hive gives the bees a place to live.

Slide12

Bee Friendly Gardens

Planting guidelineBee FriendlyWater sourcesPlant suggestion

Slide13

Planting Guidelines

Sunny location preferredProtected from the windSeveral types of flowersBlooming continuously early spring to late fallNative bees adapted best to native plantsGuideline are good for other insects, butterflies and birds tooUrban area may be better than country area

Slide14

Plant suggestions- learn about your natives

Native plants are 4 times more attractive than exotic flowers

Herbs, annual, perennials, and heirlooms can provide good foraging

Flowers and bees help each other

Allow plants to flower

Dead heading plants might increase blooms

Avoid hybrids with double blooms-less nectar or pollen

Plants can be host to caterpillars

Could be called ‘weeds’

Avoid invasive plants

Some might be trees or shrubs

Slide15

Seasonal

Plan to have something is bloom all season long – early spring, summer, until late fall

Plant at least 3 different types of flowers per season

Bees and butterflies fly at different times

They appreciate a garden with varieties of flowers and long season of blooms

Perennials might have a delay in a new garden before they start blooming

Annuals help to fill in bloom times before perennials become established

Slide16

Plant different types of flowers

Plant a wide variety of flowers

Plant in clumps rather than single plant

The family of bees range in size:

Minute sweat bees to robust carpenter bees

They have different tongue lengths

Some flowers are flat, daisy-like flowers

Some flowers are tubular blossoms

Bees are attracted to bright colors, blue, white, purple

Bees see in ultraviolet colors

Slide17

What Bees See

We see in Red, Blue, YellowBees see UV, Blue, Green (think color blind)Bees do not see Red

Slide18

Image of UV Flowers

Slide19

Anatomy of a Flower

Slide20

Nectar

Nectar is a sweet liquid made in special glands called nectaries that are found on flowering plantsNectaries are most often found by the base of a flower’s petalsNectar is the reward given to insects and small animalsNectar is the base ingredient of honey

Slide21

Invasive Plantshttp://www.invasive.org/species/list.cfm?id=152

Invasive plants are ones that out compete native plants to the natives’ detrimentThistle – bull, Canada, milk Garlic mustardQueen Anne laceChicoryOxeye DaisyPurple Loosestrife*Yellow sweet cloverMultiflora rosePurple crown vetchJapanese barberryHoneysuckle-Trumpet, JapaneseOriental bittersweet

Slide22

Bee Friendly

A well run ecological garden attracts birds and beneficial insects that help control pests

Avoid insecticides, they are non selective

If you must spray, do so when bees are not present, late in the day, be selective

Fungicides are also dangerous

BT-bacillus

thuringiensis

Neonicotinoids

An insecticidal coating on seeds to prevent insect damage

Strongly suspected of being systemic (it stays inside the plant cells, in the blooms)

Slide23

Water Source

Bees need waterHydration-digestion, metabolism, brood, queenTemperature and humidity regulationBees can drownFloating Landing platform neededStick, log, piece of wood, water plants, corkPondsStreamsPuddlesDewGarden Water Features (fountains)Can add hive water bottlePools are not good

Slide24

Spring Plants

Spring a difficult time for native bees

Urban areas typically have few early blooming annuals

Some flourish in areas that become shady as trees leaf out

Weather inconsistent

Slide25

Native Early Spring Bloomers

Native PerennialsColumbineCrocus-PrairieVioletsBluebells Virginia waterleaf Wild geranium Wild Indigo“Weeds”Dandelions

Slide26

Native Early Spring Bloomers cont.

Trees and shrubsFruit trees-apple peach, cherry, crabappleDogwood – trees and shrubsChokecherryLilacRed BudRaspberryRoseServiceberryStrawberryViburnumWillowWild PlumBlack locustMany of these are good for birds too

Slide27

Native Summer Bloomers

Native PerennialsBeebalmBlack-eyed SusanBlazing StarCloverCompass plantCup PlantMintPhloxPurple Cone flowerSpiderwortCoreopsis (tickseed)YarrowNative ‘Weeds’Butterfly WeedMilkweed

Slide28

Additional Summer Bloomers(non native)

Squash plants

Pumpkins

Pepper

Beans

Tomatoes

Eggplant

Potatoes

Basil

Sage

Cosmos

Lavender

Rosemary

Marigolds

Zinnia

Slide29

Native Late Summer-Fall Bloomers

Native PerennialsAsterGoldenrodBlack Eyed SusanHyssopWild Bergamot ‘Weeds’Joe-pye weedIronweed

Slide30

Credits Helpful sites

Ecological

Gardening.net

Kelly

Allsup

Horticulture Extension Educator, U of I extension

http://web.extension.illinois.edu

http://beespotter.mste.illinois.edu

http://

beespotter.org

/topics/

beegarden

/

http://urbanext.illinois.edu/wildflowers/directory.cfm

http://thehoneybeeconservancy.org/act-today-2/plant-a-bee-garden/

www.wildones.org


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