Jacques McMillan

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2017-08-06 42K 42 0 0


jacques.mcmillan@telenet.be. Has Accreditation fulfilled the expectations?. Jacques McMillan. Former European Commission Official responsible for regulatory policy for the free movement of goods and market surveillance. ID: 576464 Download Presentation

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Jacques McMillan

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Jacques McMillan jacques.mcmillan@telenet.be

Has Accreditation fulfilled the expectations?

Jacques McMillanFormer European Commission Official responsible for regulatory policy for the free movement of goods and market surveillance

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Jacques McMillan jacques.mcmillan@telenet.be


From technical barriers to trade to product safety legislation;From prevention of new technical barriers and harmonisation to the development of common tools over and beyond product safety to include the framework elementsFrom common tools to the development of TRUST.

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Jacques McMillan jacques.mcmillan@telenet.be

The evolutions

The move from the concentration on products to the inclusion of framework elements accompanied the evolutions at the national level where there was a move away from the “all government system” to a gradual outsourcing of: first, product specification writingthen, testingthen, certification/inspectionthen, accreditation

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Jacques McMillan jacques.mcmillan@telenet.be

The point of departure of the New Approach

1979 EC Cassis de Dijon Court case: Member states can only stop products for non respect of “essential” health safety requirements.Ergo: we should only harmonise essentials and leave everything else out of EU legislation  the New Approach in 1985BUT this is a legal principle, not a means to creating trustThe original idea was that this “everything else” would sort itself out without public authority intervention, but this was a dream: it was too simple!We needed to build a full policy on the basis of the new approach

+32 (0)475 68 00 82



Jacques McMillan jacques.mcmillan@telenet.be

Who wanted what in the 80s

Governments wanted to downsize their activities but wanted more controls on products, especially mass produced, on manufacturers & on CABs.Manufacturers were faced with product liability (85/347) and needed CA support, but wanted reduction of multiple certificates.CABs wanted more freedom but also a level playing field.Consumers wanted credible guarantees on the quality & safety of products & on an overall clear & transparent system.

+32 (0)475 68 00 82



Jacques McMillan jacques.mcmillan@telenet.be

The « Sum » of trust

Level of Safety+ Quality of products+Quality of measurements+ Qaulity of eco operators+ Quality of CA procedures+ Quality of third parties (CABs)+ Quality of Accreditation+ Quality of market surveillance+ Quality of controls from third countries--------------------------------------------------== Safe products------------------------------------------------------(Markings, CE & others)

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The New Legislative Framework

Accreditation Public authority activity1 national accreditation body (NAB) per Member StatePrevention of competition for NABs Set of requirements for NABsEA (European co-operation for accreditation)Cross border accreditation (EA role) Peer evaluation (EA role)Rules applicable to mandatory & voluntary area

+32 (0)475 68 00 82

Jacques McMillan jacques.mcmillan@telenet.be



Accreditation last control before market

So Accreditation must control: the quality of CABs for public authoritiesfor the benefit of:CABs, public authorities, manufacturers and consumersmust set level playing field for manufacturers and CABs



Why Accreditation & not something else?

a technical quality toolbased on international textsindependenttransparent: can be seen to operatetransparent peer evaluation of memberspeer evaluation system overviewed by public authorities & other stakeholderspulls the level of quality upthere is no other system that gives the same level of trust through such transparency



EA versus EU Accreditation body

EA is transparent and can be seen to operateIn EA dog watches dogIn EA better bodies do not want to be dragged down: so cooperation and mutual supportso quality developmentsingle body more opaque, less motivation for quality development, less checks and balances64 000 $ question: who controls it?



Why Regulation 765/2008?

To stabilise the rules of the systemTo clearly set responsibilities of national authorities, EU Commission, ABs, etc.It is directly applicableTo act as guardrail against temptations:to go commercial to multiply bodiesto reinvent wheelsTo protect and promote the EU system in the face of the world market



Has the system answered expectations?

YES but with room for improvement.The system is in place and clearly works wellAcceptance of accredited certificates has become naturalTheir credibility is rarely questionedThe strength and seriousness of the EU system is recognised throughout the rest of the world and vastly copied (who is jealous?)



Has the system answered expectations?

In general terms:

Manufacturers are satisfied – system credible; more systematic recourse to CA; no longer need multiple certificates.

Market place is safer & more transparent.

Public authorities satisfied but recognise that market surveillance remains necessary.

Consumers satisfied: products safer, quality is up & where problems, more quickly identified & treated in the open, within a coherent clear system.


Has the system answered expectations?

Regulation will need further refinement in the years to come (financing of accreditation, definition of independence & vis a vis whom)

The collective strength and credibility of EA still needs to be reinforced: role of peer evaluation

National authorities are still attracted by reinvention of wheels


Challenges for Accreditation in EU

Need for a financial system to protect against temptation to go commercialAccreditation to remain control of CABs and not for products/personnelMust remain horizontal tool and not go sectoralThe objective remains one certificate, one marketAvoid proliferation of certification systems (9000, 14000, 17000, 18000 etc.)




Thank you for your attention

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